OPEN  

DISPLACE what BLOCKS.
UNFASTENUNLATCHUNLOCKUNBOLTUNBARTHROW WIDE
Antonym

BLOCKHINDER something by PUTTING something in a PLACE where it CAUSES THINGS which NORMALLY CAN MOVE in that PLACE NOT TO MOVE there.SHUTBLOCK a DOOR OR A GATE in an ORDINARY WAY.

Hypernym

DISPLACECAUSE to MOVE. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most common general word for opening things is qǐ 啟 (ant. bì 閉 "close") which can refer to all sorts of opening up of all manner of things.

2. Kāi 開 (ant. bì 閉 "close") and pì 闢 "open wide" (ant. fēng 封 "close tightly") refer primarily to the opening of doors, windows and the like.

3. Fā 發 (ant. bì 閉 "close") refers to the opening of something in order to enable one to inspect the contents or to remove things from the interior.

4. Pī 披 (ant. hé 合 "roll up") refers to the opening up of something by unrolling it.

5. Jué 決 (ant. dǔ 堵 "block up" and sè 塞 "block up") refers to the opening up of an artificial waterway for circulation.

Modern Chinese Criteria

打開

張開

敞開

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 12.24

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    OPEN

    aperire is to open from the top, as a pit, and then also figuratively to make visible.

    patefacere is to open what is closed towards the sides and to give sideways access to.

    reserare is to open something that is conceived of as barred.

    recludere is to open something that is conceived as locked up with a lock.

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 124

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 276

  • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 110

  • "三國志"同義詞及其歷史演變 ( WANG TONGWEI 2010) p. 358-366

  • Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages ( DE VAAN 2008) p.

    aperio, -Ire 'to open' [v. IV; pf. aperuT, ppp. apertum] (Naev.+)

    Derivatives: apertare 'to expose' (PI.), apertio 'the act of opening' (Varro).

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 32
  • vi : 8
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vpostadV : 3
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 說苑 : 6
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 5
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
  • 臨濟錄 : 4
  • 法言 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 管子 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1

Words

   kāi OC: khɯɯl MC: khəi 29 Attributions

Kāi 開 (ant. bì 閉 "close") and pì 闢 "open wide" (ant. fēng 封 "close tightly") refer primarily to the opening of doors, windows and the like.

  • vibe open
  • vifigurativebe opened up> be open (to impressions, internally); be opened up
  • vpostadVverbal complement
  • vt(oN)figurativeopen up to the contextually determinate N (typically the Buddhist truth)
  • vtoNopen (window, door, storehouse, eyes, mouth, document etc.)
  • vtoNreflexive.自open itself
  • vtoNfigurativeopen up (new land etc)
  • vt(oN)leave open
  • vtoNpassive: be opened up for people (as a path of action or possibility)
  • vtoNopen up for
   qǐ OC: kheeʔ MC: khei 6 Attributions

The most common general word for opening things is qǐ 啟 (ant. bì 閉 "close") which can refer to all sorts of opening up of all manner of things.

  • vtoNopen (so that it will be permanently unlocked or visible) YILI: 啟會"open the lid"
  • vtoNfigurative"open up" (your mind etc)
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe opened; get opened
   jué OC: kʷeed MC: ket 4 Attributions

Jué 決 (ant. dǔ 堵 "block up" and sè 塞 "block up") refers to the opening up of an artificial waterway for circulation.

  • nabfigurativerelease of a blockage (of water in dams) > the opening up (of the mind); free flow (of thoughts)
  • vtoNdivert (a river); make canals (for water control)
   fā OC: pod MC: pi̯ɐt 2 Attributions

Fā 發 (ant. bì 閉 "close") refers to the opening of something in order to enable one to inspect the contents or to remove things from the interior.

  • vtoNopen up, create an opening in (e.g. a box)
開闢   kāi pì OC: khɯɯl beɡ MC: khəi biɛk 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNreflexive.自open itself
  • VPtoNpassivemiddle voice: get split up; get opened
   qù OC: khas MC: khi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vihave the mouth wide open; (of mouth:) be wide open
   zhāng OC: krlaŋ MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNopen
   pī OC: phral MC: phiɛ 1 Attribution

Pī 披 (ant. hé 合 "roll up") refers to the opening up of something by unrolling it.

  • vtoNopen, unroll
  • vtoNpoeticunfold
   shǐ OC: lʰiʔ MC: ɕi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNopen (one's mouth)
   qū OC: kha MC: khi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNopen up; break open
闢 / 辟   pì OC: beɡ MC: biɛk pì OC: beɡ MC: biɛk 1 Attribution

Kāi 開 (ant. bì 閉 "close") and pì 闢 "open wide" (ant. fēng 封 "close tightly") refer primarily to the opening of doors, windows and the like. Kāi 開 (ant. bì 閉 "close") and pì 闢 "open wide" (ant. fēng 封 "close tightly") refer primarily to the opening of doors, windows and the like.

  • vtoNopen (a door) wide
  • vibe wide open
  • vtoNreflexive.自open itself
開通   kāi tōng OC: khɯɯl kh-looŋ MC: khəi thuŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeopen up so they communicate
開塞   kāi sài  MC: khoj sojH  OC: khɯɯl sɯɯɡs  1 Attribution
  • NPabderivedfact of (or degree of) openness for creativity and uncreative blockedness
   jué OC: kʷeed MC: ket 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpoke open (a wound)
振 / 振   zhèn OC: kljɯns MC: tɕin zhēn OC: kljɯn MC: tɕin 0 Attributions
  • vtoNopen up (granaries etc for distribution of contents)
   bǎi OC: preeʔ MC: pɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto open
   kǎi OC: khɯɯlʔ MC: khəi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivebe opened (GUAN)
開塞   kāi sài  MC: khoj sojH  OC: khɯɯl sɯɯɡs  0 Attributions
  • NPabderiveddegree of openness for creativity and uncreative blockedness

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: