DOOR  小門

HOLE IN A WALL which CAN be BLOCKED, TYPICALLY PRODUCED USING TIMBER.
DOORWAYPORTALOPENINGENTRANCEENTRYEXIT
See also

GATE

Kind Of

HOLE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Hù 戶 refers to a one-leaf minor door which may be the main door to an ordinary home. [HUANG 1995: 1017 - 1018; ill.: SUN 1991: 44-17]

2. Shàn 扇 refers specifically to the wing of a door, and the word also refers to doors within a building complex, similar to hù 戶. [It seems that the word referred originally to the bamboo or reed courtain screening a doorway, and only later began to be used for the wing of a door. [HUANG 1995: 1018]

3. Guī 閨 sometimes refers to the small door inside the living complex, but usually refers by synekdoche to the private quarters as a whole. [WANG 1993: 200; HUANG 1995: 1024; HANYU DACIDIAN: vol. 12, pp. 100]

4. Gé 閤 refers to the small gate on the side of a main gate. [WANG 1993: 200; HUANG 1995: 1024 - 1026]

NB: Yuè mén 月門 style doors were not current in pre-Buddhist China.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

ARCHITECTURE 17.

門,雙扇對開。

戶,單扇的門,一般指內室之門,亦可作作門的泛稱。扇,用細竹或葦編的門簾,引申作內外門扇的泛稱。

扉,獨扇外門之木質門扇,較小。

闔,兩扇的外門之木質門扇,高大,泛指外門。

ARCHITECTURE 18.

閭,里、巷的大門。

閈,秦漢時楚方言的里門專稱。

閎,巷門。

閻,里巷內的門,小於閭。

闈,古代宮室、宗廟的旁側小門,特指內室門。

閨, 小於闈的圭形小門,上下通用,多用於女室。

閤,宮中小於 “ 閨 ” 的小門,也可泛指宮中最小的內門。

闥,居室、禁中的小門。

Modern Chinese Criteria

門戶

旁門

側門

邊門

角門

腳門

小門

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 7.22

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DOOR

ostium is the most general expression for any oor.

ianua refers specifically to the door of a house.

fores reers to the leaves of a door, which serve to close an opening.

valvae refers to the leaves of the gate of a stately building like a temple.

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 245

Tuer:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 817

Tuer etc:

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 47

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1574

扉,扇,闔

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.262

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 46
  • NP : 8
  • nadV : 2
  • vi : 1
  • NP{N1adN2} : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 22
  • 春秋左傳 : 11
  • 韓非子 : 10
  • 論語 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   hù OC: ɡlaaʔ MC: ɦuo̝ 36 Attributions

Hù 戶 refers to a one-leaf minor door which may be the main door to an ordinary home. [HUANG 1995: 1017 - 1018; ill.: SUN 1991: 44-17]

  • none-wing door leading to a room; simple, ordinary door HF 入室閉戶 HF 蓬戶
  • nfigurativeopenings (of the burrows of insects etc)
  • nabpsych"door", "gate"
  • nadVfrom door to door HF 戶說
  • vi(of sacrifices)proceed near the door
  • vifigurativeprovide an entrance (into the secrets of life)
門戶   mén hù OC: mɯɯn ɡlaaʔ MC: muo̝n ɦuo̝ 6 Attributions
  • NPdoor
  • NPnonreferentialany door
   wéi OC: ɢul MC: ɦɨi 4 Attributions
  • nminor gate inside a palace; minor entrance; minor gate
   dòu OC: ɡ-looɡs MC: du 3 Attributions
  • nHS 65: (dog's) private door
   guī OC: kʷee MC: kei 3 Attributions

Guī 閨 sometimes refers to the small door inside the living complex, but usually refers by synekdoche to the private quarters as a whole. [WANG 1993: 200; HUANG 1995: 1024; HANYU DACIDIAN: vol. 12, pp. 100]

  • nERYA: small gate inside the palace,
   mén OC: mɯɯn MC: muo̝n 2 Attributions
  • noccasionally: door of a room
   shàn OC: qhjens MC: ɕiɛn 1 Attribution

Shàn 扇 refers specifically to the wing of a door, and the word also refers to doors within a building complex, similar to hù 戶. [It seems that the word referred originally to the bamboo or reed courtain screening a doorway, and only later began to be used for the wing of a door. [HUANG 1995: 1018]

  • nleaf of interior door made of any material
   yú OC: lo MC: ji̯o 1 Attribution
  • nsmall gate (LUNYU)
婦閭   fù lǘ OC: buʔ ɡ-ra MC: bɨu li̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NP{N1adN2}minor gates
闈門   wéi mén OC: ɢul mɯɯn MC: ɦɨi muo̝n 1 Attribution
  • NPminor door; minor entrance
闔扇   hé shàn OC: ɡaab qhjens MC: ɦɑp ɕiɛn 1 Attribution
  • NPnonreferentialdoors of all kinds
   fēi OC: pɯl MC: pɨi 0 Attributions
  • ndoor wing definitely made of wood
   gé OC: kloob MC: kəp 0 Attributions

Gé 閤 refers to the small gate on the side of a main gate. [WANG 1993: 200; HUANG 1995: 1024 - 1026]

  • nERYA: tiny gate inside the palace
   hé OC: ɡaab MC: ɦɑp 0 Attributions
  • ndoor wing
   tà OC: thaad MC: thɑt 0 Attributions
  • nsmall door; back door
月門   yuè mén OC: ŋod mɯɯn MC: ŋi̯ɐt muo̝n 0 Attributions

Yuè mén 月門 style doors were not current in pre-Buddhist China.

    閨閫   guī kǔn OC: kʷee khuunʔ MC: kei khuo̝n 0 Attributions
    • NPdoor to the women's appartments

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: