SHUT  關閉

BLOCK a DOOR OR A GATE in an ORDINARY WAY.
CLOSEPULL/PUSH TOSLAMFASTENPUT THE LID ONBARLOCKSECURE
Antonym

OPEN

Hypernym

BLOCK -> HINDER -> STOP -> ACT -> MOVE -> CHANGE -> EVENT -> REALITY -> EXIST -> BE IN -> RELATION -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

HINDER

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word for closing anything is probably bì 閉.

2. Guān 關 refers specifically to shut and lock a door with a bolt.

3. Jiǒng 扃 refers to closing and locking a door from the outside.

4. Hé 闔 is an archaic and dignified word for closing something, mostly a door.

5. Mán 瞞 refers occassionally to closing one's eyes.

6. Fēng 封 can refer to closing and sealing something.

Modern Chinese Criteria

關閉

掩閉

關門

閉門

闔門

闔戶

扃戶

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 12.25

  • 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 ( WANG WEIHUI 2000) p. 221

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 28
  • vi : 3
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • VPtoN : 2
  • vt[oN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 6
  • 祖堂集 : 6
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 韓詩外傳 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   bì OC: piids MC: pei 21 Attributions

The most general word for closing anything is probably bì 閉.

  • vtoNclose (door so as to let no one in); lock up, bolt; close (mouth); shut (one's eyes)
  • vtoNfigurativeshut off (figuratively)
  • vtoNpassivebe locked; be closed; be blocked
   hé OC: ɡaab MC: ɦɑp 6 Attributions

Hé 闔 is an archaic and dignified word for closing something, mostly a door.

  • vibe closed; get closed
  • viactshut the door; keep the door closed
  • vtoNclose (door)
  • vt(oN)keep the contextually determinate N shut
   hé OC: ɡloob MC: ɦəp 2 Attributions
  • vt(oN)close the contextually determinate object
  • vt[oN]reflexiveclose oneself (as a mussel)
   suǒ OC: soolʔ MC: sʷɑ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNto shut; to lock (with a key)
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe locked (away) (behind, at)
   fēng OC: poŋ MC: pi̯oŋ 1 Attribution

Fēng 封 can refer to closing and sealing something.

  • vtoNbe hemmed in by
   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpost-Han, Tang: close the door
   láo OC: ruu MC: lɑu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNclose firmly
封閉   fēng bì OC: poŋ piids MC: pi̯oŋ pei 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmiddle voicebe shut and sealed, be closed, be locked
閉卻   bì què OC: piids khaɡ MC: pei khi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeshut, lock (a door)
   mián MC: men OC: meen 1 Attribution
  • vtoNclose (one's eyes)
   jiōng OC: kʷeeŋ MC: keŋ 0 Attributions

Jiǒng 扃 refers to closing and locking a door from the outside.

  • vtoNWENZI: lock (from the outside) so that those inside cannot get out
  • vtoNpassivebe locked up (from the outside)
   mán OC: mboon MC: mʷɑn 0 Attributions

Mán 瞞 refers occassionally to closing one's eyes.

  • vt[oN]shut the eyes
   guān OC: kroon MC: kɣan 0 Attributions

Guān 關 refers specifically to shut and lock a door with a bolt.

  • vtoNlock door with a shuān 閂
牢閉   láo bì OC: ruu piids MC: lɑu pei 0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)shut the contextually determinate (door) firmly
   mián MC: men OC: meen 0 Attributions
  • vtoNclose (one's eyes)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: