COVER  覆蓋

CONCEAL something by PUTTING something ABOVE it.
HIDECONCEALVEIL
Taxonoymy

WRAPSMEAR

Kind Of

CONCEAL

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for any mode of covering something for any purpose or in any way is fù 覆. The covering agent can be animate or inanimate, but typically the purpose of the covering is protection.

2. Bèi 被 is to cover all over, typically in order as to protect from outside impact of cold etc.. The covering agent is typically human.

3. Bì 蔽 (cog. bì4 庇 "protect") is to cover so as to keep from physical or intellectual sight, and this may be said freely of animate and inanimate subjects to whom the covering effect is attributed.

4. Yǎn 掩 / 揜 is an informal word which focusses on the deliberate act by a human, executed with his hand, which is designed to prevent something from being discovered or from getting in touch with other things.

5. Gài 蓋 is to cover with a lid or the like, typically to protect not against damage but against intrusion of external things. See HIDE

6. Méng 蒙 is typically and primarily to make something obscure by some action of hiding or covering it, often with paper or cloth.

7. Jīn 巾 refers to covering something with a cloth.

8. Zhē 遮 is an elevated term referring to covering up something so as to protect it against interference from the outside and to hinder physical access of hostile forces, and this covering may be by humans or by physical effects.

Modern Chinese Criteria

遮蓋

掩蓋

覆蓋

被覆

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.26

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 82

WANG WEIHUI 2000 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 225

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 480

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 69
  • n : 4
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • v[adN] : 2

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 15
  • 禮記 : 13
  • 春秋左傳 : 9
  • 莊子 : 7
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 管子 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 忠經 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

揜 / 掩 / 奄   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm 21 Attributions

Yǎn 掩/揜 is an informal word which focusses on the deliberate act by a human, executed with his hand, which is designed to prevent something from being discovered or from getting in touch with other things. Yǎn 掩/揜 is an informal word which focusses on the deliberate act by a human, executed with his hand, which is designed to prevent something from being discovered or from getting in touch with other things. Yǎn 掩/揜 is an informal word which focusses on the deliberate act by a human, executed with his hand, which is designed to prevent something from being discovered or from getting in touch with other things.

  • vtoNcover (e.g. ears, so as to make unable to interact with the outside); hide; retrace (their own traces); block up;
  • vtoNpassivebe covered
  • vt(oN)cover up something contextually determinate so as to block it
  • vtoNimperativecover
   fù OC: phuɡ MC: phuk 12 Attributions

The current general word for any mode of covering something for any purpose or in any way is fù 覆. The covering agent can be animate or inanimate, but typically the purpose of the covering is protection.

  • vt+prep+Nfigurativecover in an abstract generalised sense
  • vtoNcover in order to protect what is covered, or sometimes to hide discreetly
  • vtoNfigurativeobfuscate
  • vtoNfigurativeobfuscate oneself
  • vtoNpassivebe covered
   bèi OC: bralʔ MC: biɛ 9 Attributions

Bèi 被 is to cover all over, typically in order as to protect from outside impact of cold etc.. The covering agent is typically human.

  • vt+prep+Nfigurativereach across
  • vtoNfigurativereach all across
  • vtoNpassivebe covered with
  • vtoNstativeto cover all over
   gài OC: kaabs MC: kɑi 6 Attributions

Gài 蓋 is to cover with a lid or the like, typically to protect not against damage but against intrusion of external things. See HIDE

  • vtoNput the lid on, cover, put a lock on (in order to prevent outside things to get in)
   méng OC: mooŋ MC: muŋ 6 Attributions

Méng 蒙 is typically and primarily to make something obscure by some action of hiding or covering it, often with paper or cloth.

  • vtoNto cover; to hide; to conceal
  • vtoNpassivebe covered with
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe covered in N
   bì OC: peds MC: piɛi 6 Attributions

Bì 蔽 (cog. bì4 庇 "protect") is to cover so as to keep from physical or intellectual sight, and this may be said freely of animate and inanimate subjects to whom the covering effect is attributed. DOUBLE! SORT OUT!

  • na cover (for the body etc)
  • vtoNcover (the body with clothes etc); screen (the sun)
  • vtoNfigurativeencompass, cover abstractly
   jīn OC: krɯn MC: kin 3 Attributions

Jīn 巾 refers to covering something with a cloth.

  • vadNcovered with a curtain
  • vt(oN)cover; keep wrapped in
  • vtoNpassivebe wrapped; be covered; be packed
   yǒng OC: qoŋʔ MC: ʔi̯oŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNto cover; to keep covered
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe covered by
   miè OC: meed MC: met 2 Attributions
  • ncovering; cover
   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcover
  • v[adN]passivecovered place
   zhē OC: klja MC: tɕɣɛ 2 Attributions

Zhē 遮 is an elevated term referring to covering up something so as to protect it against interference from the outside and to hinder physical access of hostile forces, and this covering may be by humans or by physical effects.

  • vt(oN)cover the contextually determinate object N
  • vtoNblock from sight by placing an object betweent the viewer and the object
   mào OC: muuɡs MC: mɑu 1 Attribution
  • ncover; covering (for corpses); grave cloth
   wéi OC: ɢrul MC: ɦi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe screened (from view)
   mù OC: maaɡ MC: mɑk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto cover (with clothes; a curtain,...)
   hū OC: hmaa MC: huo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassiveto be covered
   méng OC: mooŋ MC: muŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto cover; to wrap
   dào OC: duus MC: dɑu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcover
  • vtoNpassivebe covered
   máo OC: mruu MC: mɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcover with reeds
   huāng OC: hmaaŋ MC: hɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto cover, overgrow (Karlgren)
掩蓋   yǎn gài OC: qromʔ kaabs MC: ʔiɛm kɑi 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcover and protect
蒙葺   méng qì OC: mooŋ skhib MC: muŋ tship 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcover
覆幬   fù dào OC: phuɡ duus MC: phuk dɑu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcover properly
芘庇 / 庇    OC:  MC:  bì OC: pis MC: pi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto cover; to shade
   dào OC: duus MC: dɑu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivebe covered
   xí OC: zɯb MC: zip 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcover
   sè OC: srɯɡ MC: ʂɨk 0 Attributions
  • nleather covering for panelling
   yōng OC: qoŋ MC: ʔi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto cover
掩藏   yǎn cáng OC: qromʔ sɡaaŋ MC: ʔiɛm dzɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativecover so as to hide
覆上   fù shàng OC: buɡs ɡljaŋʔ MC: bɨu dʑi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)cover the contextually determinate N
覆蓋   fù gài OC: phuɡ kaabs MC: phuk kɑi 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNcover
   yì OC: qɯls MC: ʔɨi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNYIJING: cover, hide

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: