SECRET  祕密

VOLUNTARILY:deliberately CONCEALED FROM OTHERS OR from PERSONS OUTSIDE a certain GROUP.
CONFIDENTIALTOP SECRETCLASSIFIEDUNDISCLOSEDUNKNOWNPRIVATEUNDER WRAPSINFORMAL HUSH-HUSHFORMAL SUB ROSA. ANTONYM PUBLICKNOWNCLANDESTINECOVERTUNDERCOVERUNDERGROUNDSURREPTITIOUSSTEALTHYFURTIVECLOAK-AND-DAGGERHOLE-AND-CORNERCLOSETINFORMAL HUSH-HUSH
Antonym

PUBLICOUTSIDE the HOME, AND what CAN be KNOWN by OR SHOWN to MANY.

Hypernym

CONCEALCAUSE TO BECOME OBSCURE:invisible. -> OBSCUREDARK so as to be DIFFICULT to SEE, DIFFICULT to UNDERSTAND OR STRANGE to THINK of. -> DARKCOLOUR LACKING BRIGHTNESS. -> COLOURAPPEARANCE of SURFACES which REFLECT OR ISSUE LIGHT, PERCEIVED USING the EYES. -> APPEARANCECLEAR:visible BUT SUBJECTIVELY PERCEIVED FEATURES. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

PROFOUNDOBSCURE BUT INTENSELY INTERESTING.

Hyponym
  • PRIVATE SECRET IN-RELATION-TO ALL OFFICIALS AND PERRSONAL.
    Old Chinese Criteria

    1. The current general word for something being kept secret from the general public, but it remaining accessible to an inner circle, is mì 密 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see").

    2. Yǐn 隱 (ant. xiǎn 顯 "manifestly, demonstratively") refers primarily to hiding something or being hidden from everyone except the person who is hiding it.

    3. Yīn 陰 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see") refers to covert actions hidden from a certain person group.

    4. Tōu 偷 (ant. zhèng 正 "regularly and openly") refers to unreglemented inappropriate secrecy.

    5. Sī 私 (ant. gōng 公 "openly") focusses on the aspect of discreetness in secrecy.

    6. Jiàn 間 (ant. zhèng 正 "straightforwardly") refers to the secretiveness of secret agents in espionage and the like.

    7. Wēi 微 (ant. zhí 直 "straightforwardly") typically refers to secrecy achieved through indirectness or subtlety in the form of communication.

    8. Àn 暗 / 闇 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see") gains its nuance from the original meaning of darkness and focusses on the shadiness of secretive action.

    Modern Chinese Criteria

    暗暗 / 偷偷

    奧秘 / 奧妙

    秘密

    機密

    絕密

    機要

    隱秘

    神秘

    詭秘

    地下

    潛在

    背眼

    私房

    體己

    心腹

    曖昧

    暗昧

    見不得人

    rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

    Old Chinese Contrasts

    1. What is kept from public knowledge may be commendable act (), or to be condemned (), or unspecified.

    2. What is not allowed to be known may be kept secret from everyone (); or from a specified group of people (); or from the general public only ().

    • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 1137

    • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 17.36

    • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

      SECRET

      arcanus refers to things that are naturally secret and of which one typically stands in awe, and which should not therefore be openly divulged.

      mysterium refers to elevated religious secrets that are not publicly divulged.

      secretum is the ordinary general term referring to anything that is deliberately hidden away and made inaccessible to outsiders because of some fear.

      SECRET

      clam refers to the deliberate act of keeping abstract things hidden, as opposed to public, palam.

      occulte is the deliberate act of keeping something hidden from physical view, as opposed to visibly, aperte.

    • “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 ( HUANG XIAODONG 2003) p. 214

    • “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 ( HUANG XIAODONG 2003) p. 67

    • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 314

    • 跟我學同義詞 ( CAI SHAOWEI 2010) p. 16

    • 跟我學同義詞 ( CAI SHAOWEI 2010) p. 20

    • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 579

    Attributions by syntactic funtion

    • vadV : 48
    • vadN : 14
    • vi : 9
    • v[adN] : 1
    • nab.post-N : 1
    • vtoN : 1
    • vi.red : 1
    • VPi : 1
    • n : 1
    • nab : 1
    • VPtoN : 1

    Attributions by text

    • 管子 : 18
    • 史記 : 13
    • 戰國策 : 7
    • 祖堂集 : 6
    • 百喻經 : 6
    • 說苑 : 5
    • 論衡 : 5
    • 韓詩外傳 : 3
    • 楚辭 : 3
    • 賢愚經 : 3
    • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
    • 禮記 : 1
    • 尹文子 : 1
    • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
    • 新序 : 1
    • 翻譯名義集 : 1
    • 尚書 : 1
    • 莊子 : 1
    • 孟子 : 1

    Words

       tōu OC: lʰoo MC: thu 16 Attributions

    Tōu 偷 (ant. zhèng 正 "regularly and openly") refers to unreglemented inappropriate secrecy.

    • vadVfurtively, in an unreglemented and irresponsible secretive way, secretly, unofficially;using underhand methods; in ways that do not tolerate the light of day
    • vi(of actions) be secretive, be hidden, be non-public
    • viactengage in secretive unreglemented action, engage in fraudulent underhand action
    • vtoNdeal secretly and irresponsibly as well as fraudulently with
    祕 / 祕 / 密   mì OC: priɡs MC: pi mì OC: mprigs MC: pi mì OC: mbriɡ MC: mit 13 Attributions

    The current general word for something being kept secret from the general public, but it remaining accessible to an inner circle, is mì 密 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see"). The current general word for something being kept secret from the general public, but it remaining accessible to an inner circle, is mì 密 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see"). The current general word for something being kept secret from the general public, but it remaining accessible to an inner circle, is mì 密 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see").

    • vadNsecret, being strenuously kept secret from all outsiders
    • nabmentaloccasionally secretiveness; strenuously kept secrecy from the general public
    • vtoNpassivebe kept secret
    • vadVsecretely
    • vi.redbe secretive; make secret plans
       qiè OC: tsheed MC: tshet 13 Attributions
    • vadVfurtively, secretly; surreptitiously; quietly without making an overt show of it
    • vtoNcausativecause to be secret> keep secret
       yīn OC: qrɯm MC: ʔim 13 Attributions

    Yīn 陰 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see") refers to covert actions hidden from a certain person group.

    • nabactsecret methods
    • vadNhidden, secret and unknown to a person or group who would be interested to know
    • vadVsecretly; in an indirect way; in hidden ways
    • viactact secretly without the knowledge of a person who would be interested to know
       sī OC: sil MC: si 8 Attributions

    Sī 私 (ant. gōng 公 "openly") focusses on the aspect of discreetness in secrecy.

    • vadNnon-public and secret
    • vadVin one's own private interest, and secretly; non-publicly and secretly
    • vt+prep+Nmake secret/informal contact with (???)
       àn OC: qɯɯms MC: ʔəm 4 Attributions
    • vadVsecretly
    • v[adN]secret and illicit deeds
       qián OC: sɡam MC: dziɛm 3 Attributions
    • vadNhidden, secret
    • vadVcovertly> furtively; in a hidden way, non-overtly
    • vtt(oN1.)+N2causativekeep the contextually determinate N1 secret from N2
       yōu OC: qriw MC: ʔi̯u 2 Attributions
    • nsubjectwhat is hidden or secret; unseen secret places
    • vadVsecretly
       fú OC: bɯɡ MC: buk 1 Attribution
    • vadNhidden
       wēi OC: mɯl MC: mɨi 1 Attribution

    Wēi 微 (ant. zhí 直 "straightforwardly") typically refers to secrecy achieved through indirectness or subtlety in the form of communication.

    • nabactsecret practices (SHUOWEN)
    • vadNhidden subtle
    • vadVindirectly, covertly, without being discovered; secretly
    • vibe secret, covert > be not easily accessible
       yì OC: qees MC: ʔei 1 Attribution
    • narcher's disguise
    • vadVsecretly; without anyone knowing about it
    • viactbe secretive
    • vi.redbe secretive and hidden
       yǐn OC: qɯnʔ MC: ʔɨn 1 Attribution

    Yǐn 隱 (ant. xiǎn 顯 "manifestly, demonstratively") refers primarily to being hidden from everyone except the person who is hiding it.

    • vadNconfidential; secret
    • vadVconfidentially, secretly
    • vibe hidden
    • vtoNcausativecause to be hidden> to obscure, to hide, conceal
    祕密   mì mì OC: priɡs mbriɡ MC: pi mit 1 Attribution
    • VPibe strictly secret
    祕惜   mì xī OC: mprigs sqaɡ MC: pi siɛk 1 Attribution
    • VPtoNkeep secret
       ào 1 Attribution
    • nab.post-Nthe mystical secret of
       àn OC: qɯɯms MC: ʔəm 0 Attributions

    Àn 暗/闇 (ant. míng 明 "openly, for everyone to see") gains its nuance from the original meaning of darkness and focusses on the shadiness of secretive action.

    • vadNsecret (plans)
    • vadVsecretly
    間 / 閒   jiàn OC: kreens MC: kɣɛn jiàn OC: kreens MC: kɣɛn 0 Attributions

    Jiàn 間 (ant. zhèng 正 "straightforwardly") refers to the secretiveness of secret agents in espionage and the like. Jiàn 間 (ant. zhèng 正 "straightforwardly") refers to the secretiveness of secret agents in espionage and the like.

    • vadNsecret
    • vadVsecretly; informally
    周密   zhōu mì OC: tjɯw mbriɡ MC: tɕɨu mit 0 Attributions
    • VPibe secretive; be altogether secret
    祕要   mì yào OC: priɡs qews MC: pi ʔiɛu 0 Attributions
    • NPabtextsecrets

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: