THEN  那時

ASSUMING FOR ARGUMENT that the PRECEDING SENTENCE IS TRUE. Contrast THEREUPON.
Antonymy

IF

See also

THEREUPONWHEN

Kind Of

PARTICLE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard word introducing the apodosis of a conditional, typically logical, but sometimes also temporal, is zé 則.

Modern Chinese Criteria

當時

當年

當天

那天

那時

那會兒

其時

那麼

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH / LU JIANMING

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 174

TUM,TUNC

557. Al. Tum temporis est praesentis, tunc temporis futuri est.

]

557. Inter Tum et tunc. Tum temporis est futuri; tunc, praeteriti.

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 80

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

CONDITIONALS, CONVERSATIONAL IMPLICATRURE

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • padS1.post-S2 : 134
  • npro NP ye3.postS : 128
  • npro.adS1:postS2 : 111
  • vadS1.post-S2 : 69
  • PPadS1.postS2 : 68
  • padV.post-S : 44
  • padV1.postV2 : 32
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}:post-S : 24
  • vt(oN.)adV : 24
  • padV.postN{SUBJ} : 10
  • vadV.postS : 8
  • VPadS1.postS2 : 8
  • VPadV : 7
  • VP[0]adS1.post-S2 : 7
  • padV.post-N : 7
  • padV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}.post-S : 4
  • PPadV.postN{SUBJ}:postS : 4
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}:postS : 4
  • padN{PRED}.post-S : 3
  • NPadV.postN{SUBJ} : 3
  • DELETE : 2
  • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adS : 2
  • vadV : 2
  • VPadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:postS : 2
  • padS1.postS2 : 1
  • VPadS1.adS2 : 1
  • padV.postNPab{S} : 1
  • PPadS1.adS2 : 1
  • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:postS : 1
  • VPadS : 1
  • VPpostadV : 1
  • npro.adV : 1
  • padV : 1
  • padS.postN{TOP} : 1
  • PP : 1
  • NPadS1.postS2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 荀子 : 139
  • 韓非子 : 87
  • 論語 : 77
  • 春秋左傳 : 76
  • 孟子 : 43
  • 禮記 : 30
  • 說苑 : 30
  • 百喻經 : 30
  • 祖堂集 : 29
  • 孝經 : 21
  • 管子 : 20
  • 戰國策 : 16
  • 史記 : 12
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 10
  • 賢愚經 : 9
  • 墨子 : 8
  • 莊子 : 8
  • 呂氏春秋 : 8
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 8
  • 韓詩外傳 : 7
  • 臨濟錄 : 6
  • 太平經 : 5
  • 六祖壇經 : 5
  • 晏子春秋 : 4
  • 鹽鐵論 : 4
  • 尚書 : 4
  • 列子 : 3
  • 孫子 : 3
  • 論衡 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 法句經 : 3
  • 老子 : 2
  • 穆天子傳 : 2
  • 類說 : 1
  • 黃帝內經 : 1
  • 尹文子 : 1
  • 春秋繁露 : 1

Words

   zé OC: skɯɯɡ MC: tsək 174 Attributions
  • padN{PRED}.post-Sthen that is NP
  • padS.postN{TOP}S=subordinateat that time
  • padV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}.post-Sthen
  • vadS1.post-S2then, at that time specified in the preceding (often minor) sentence
  • vadS1.post-S2new paragraphIf so, then
  • vadV.postSthen (after S)
  • vadS1.post-S2conditionalthen given this situation
  • vtoS1.post-S2generalthen, in every case
   sī OC: sqe MC: siɛ 105 Attributions
  • npro.adS1:postS2then under such circumstances; then indeed, then in point of fact; then as an important (often final) result; sometimes hybrid: then this
  • npro.adS1:postS2logiclogical: then under those logical conditions [Move logical cases here.]
  • npro.adS1:postS2temporalat that point in time [Clear examples need to be moved here.]
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}:postSthen (after the subject of the apodosis, like zé 則)
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}being N, then
   ér OC: njɯ MC: ȵɨ 82 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2temporalthen (also sometimes before nominal minor sentences)
  • padS1.post-S2logicthen 本立而道生"once what is basic is established, then the Way will naturally emerge"
  • padS1.post-S2then
  • padV.post-Nat the point in time identified by N 中道而廢 "one gives up mid-Way"
  • padV.post-Slogicthen
  • padV.post-Stemporalthen
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}then
  • padV.postNPab{S}(When/while S was happening,) then at that time
  • padV1.postV2temporalat that point in time, then
  • padV1.postV2nonreferentialthen generally, at that point generally
  • padV.post-Nin the time span of N
乃 / 迺   nǎi OC: nɯɯʔ MC: nəi nǎi OC: nɯɯʔ MC: nəi 80 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2temporaland thereupon, and then accordingly; then without delay;Then accordingly (often after a direct speech)
  • padV.post-Sconditionalthen, under the concrete but hypothetical historical circumstances indicated by S
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}:post-S(THE SUBJECT N) then (will VERB)
  • padV.post-Slogicthen, under these logical circumstances
  • padVthen, under such circumstances DELETE
  • DELETE
  • padN{PRED}.post-Slogic: under such logical conditions as S, then
則是   zé shì OC: skɯɯɡ ɡljeʔ MC: tsək dʑiɛ 57 Attributions
  • PPadS1.postS2THEN + SUCH> then in such a case; then such a person; then; then as for such behaviour; then this is; then this means that; then this leads to [Note that this is not claimed to be a word, just a collocation which it is useful to study.]
  • PPadS1.postS2shi=nonreferentialthen [I collect here the cases where I have so far not found it plausible or easy to attribute to shì a clear anaphoric reference.]
  • PPadS1.postS2referentialthen that concrete item...
   bì OC: piɡ MC: pit 36 Attributions
  • vadS1.post-S2then inevitably, then invariably
  • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adSthen inevitably; then invariably
   jí OC: tsɯɡ MC: tsɨk 24 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2then; and so
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}then
  • padVmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
   yīn OC: qin MC: ʔin 24 Attributions
  • vt(oN.)adVomin accordance with the contextually determinate state of affairs> and then; accordingly; thereupon immediately; on that basis, thus; and so
便   biàn OC: bens MC: biɛn 23 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2then; and then; in order to
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}:post-Sthen
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 17 Attributions
  • nabautonymthe word 遂 "then"
  • padV.post-Sso in the end, then in the end, and in the end; then (as things turned out)
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}in the end
   shì OC: ɡljeʔ MC: dʑiɛ 15 Attributions
  • npro.adS1:postS2conditionalthus under such circumstances, then under such circumstances
  • npro.adVat that time (almost like 於是)
  • npro.postVtanaphoricthat point in time (never: period of time) See 於是 THEREUPON
  • npro NP ye3.postSthen it is; then this would be
   yǐ OC: k-lɯʔ MC: jɨ 8 Attributions
  • DELETEin order then to
  • DELETEtimethen
  • DELETEthen
  • padV1.postV2so thate.g. 回也聞一知十 "Hui, when he heard one thing, then understood ten things": so as to then, as a result [[CLEAN UP ATTRIBUTIONS
然則   rán zé OC: njen skɯɯɡ MC: ȵiɛn tsək 7 Attributions
  • VP[0]adS1.post-S2So then; this being so then
尋即   xún jí OC: ljum tsɯɡ MC: zim tsɨk 6 Attributions
  • PPadS1.postS2then
  • PPadV.postN{SUBJ}:postSthen immediately
從而   cóng ér OC: dzoŋ njɯ MC: dzi̯oŋ ȵɨ 6 Attributions
  • VPadVas a reaction to this, consequently, on the grounds of this; accordingly
   qiě OC:  MC: tshɣɛ 5 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2temporalthen presumably
   cǐ OC: tsheʔ MC: tshiɛ 4 Attributions
  • padV.post-S(one set of parallel examples:) then (like 斯 "then"); then that DADAILIJI P. 190誠在其中,此見於外。
   yuán OC: ɢʷan MC: ɦi̯ɐn 4 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2then; and; thereupon; there
既而   jì ér OC: kɯds njɯ MC: kɨi ȵɨ 4 Attributions
  • VPadS1.postS2then in the end
  • VPadS1.adS2after a while
遂則   suì zé OC: sɢluds skɯɯɡ MC: zi tsək 4 Attributions
  • VPadS1.postS2S2=minor Sthen
   fāng OC: paŋ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2then; but then (NOT: only then)
   yān OC: qran MC: ʔiɛn 3 Attributions
  • v{=vt0+npro}adVat that point
  • vt0 prep N.adV:post-S焉=於之 at that point, first then
   jì OC: kɯds MC: kɨi 2 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2then
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}then
   zàn OC: dzaams MC: dzɑm 2 Attributions
  • vadVafter a short while; within a short time
因以   yīn yǐ OC: qin k-lɯʔ MC: ʔin jɨ 2 Attributions
  • VPadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:postSthen accordinngly
方乃   fāng nǎi OC: paŋ nɯɯʔ MC: pi̯ɐŋ nəi 2 Attributions
  • PPadS1.postS2(only) then
於後   yú hòu OC: qa ɡooʔ MC: ʔi̯ɤ ɦu 2 Attributions
  • VPadSafter a while; afterwards
  • VPpostadVafterwards
當時   dāng shí OC: taaŋ ɡljɯ MC: tɑŋ dʑɨ 2 Attributions
  • NPadV.postN{SUBJ}then
   zài OC: sklɯɯs MC: tsəi 1 Attribution
  • padV.post-Sthereupon
乃後   nǎi hòu OC: nɯɯʔ ɡooʔ MC: nəi ɦu 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.postS2only then (=而後)
于時   yú shí OC: ɢʷra ɡljɯ MC: ɦi̯o dʑɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPadS1.postS2then, pre-classical loan for 於是
  • VPadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:postSthen
便復   biàn fù OC: bens buɡs MC: biɛn bɨu 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.postS2then
則便   zé biàn OC: skɯɯɡ bens MC: tsək biɛn 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.postS2then, then immediately
則將   zé jiāng OC: skɯɯɡ skaŋ MC: tsək tsi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.adS2then
因而   yīn ér OC: qin njɯ MC: ʔin ȵɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPadVon the basis of this then
斯乃   sī nǎi OC: sqe nɯɯʔ MC: siɛ nəi 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.postS2then
時即   shí jí OC: ɡljɯ tsɯɡ MC: dʑɨ tsɨk 1 Attribution
  • NPadV.postN{SUBJ}at that moment then > at that point
爾乃   ěr nǎi OC: mljelʔ nɯɯʔ MC: ȵiɛ nəi 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.postS2then after S2; then in that way
而便   ér biàn OC: njɯ bens MC: ȵɨ biɛn 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.postS2then
遂乃   suì nǎi OC: sɢluds nɯɯʔ MC: zi nəi 1 Attribution
  • PPadS1.postS2consequently, as a consequence; subsequently
如是者   rú shì zhě OC: nja ɡljeʔ kljaʔ MC: ȵi̯ɤ dʑiɛ tɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPadS1.postS2Under such circumstances
然則是   rán zé shì OC: njen skɯɯɡ ɡljeʔ MC: ȵiɛn tsək dʑiɛ 1 Attribution
  • PPand then, and so, and thus
   néng OC: nɯɯŋ MC: nəŋ 1 Attribution
  • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:postSthen
   ān MC: 'an OC: qaan 1 Attribution
  • padS1.postS2then, if S1 then S2; more often written 案
   jiāng OC: skaŋ MC: tsi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
       zhú OC: rlɯwɡ MC: ɖuk 0 Attributions
      其乃   qí nǎi OC: ɡɯ nɯɯʔ MC: gɨ nəi 0 Attributions
      • PPadS1.postS2then and only then
      即得   jí dé OC: tsɯɡ tɯɯɡ MC: tsɨk tək 0 Attributions
      • PPadVmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
      卻後   què hòu OC: khaɡ ɡooʔ MC: khi̯ɐk ɦu 0 Attributions
      • PPadS1.postS2afterwards, then afterwards
      次乃   cì nǎi OC: snʰis nɯɯʔ MC: tshi nəi 0 Attributions
      • PPadS1.postS2next; then
      此其   cǐ qí OC: tsheʔ ɡɯ MC: tshiɛ gɨ 0 Attributions
      • NPpro.adS1:postS2logicthen, like 斯
         wèi OC: ɢʷals MC: ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
      • vadS1.post-S2then because of S2
         ruò OC: njaɡ MC: ȵi̯ɐk 0 Attributions
      • padS1.post-S2then [[GUOYU: 必有忍也,若能有濟

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: