Taxonomy of meanings for 有:

  • 有 yǒu (OC: ɢʷɯʔ MC: ɦiu) 云久切 上 廣韻:【有無又果也取也質也又也又姓孔子弟子有若又漢複姓有男氏禹後分封以國爲姓出史記云乆切九 】
    • HAVE
      • nabhaving things, possession of things
      • vt(oN)have/contain the contextually determinate N; have control of the contextually determinate kind of thing or stuff N
      • vt+V[0]V=object of V=有所 have something which one Vs
      • vtoNhave
      • vtoNfigurativebe characterised by an abstract feature
      • vtoNinchoativeto get (a feature; feeling etc.)
      • vtoNobject=featurehave (a feature)
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2reflexive.己have N1 in (oneself) 有諸己
      • in hands>HOLD
        • vtoNcontinuativehold in one's hands
        • fig: legally>POSSESS
          • nabstativeownership
          • nmwhat one possesses> property
          • viactto own things (as a form of behaviour one may control)
          • vt(oN)own a contextually determinate thing or place
          • vtoNhave; own by right; have in one's possession or control
          • vtoNinchoativeto get (something)
          • vtoNinchoativepossession be gained of 可有
          • vtoNfigurativehave (figurative) possession of, be possessed of (e.g. the Way)
          • vtoNcontinuativebe possessive about (see 居)
          • vtoNfigurativehave as a characteristic or feature
          • vtoNcontinuativehave and enjoy
          • and control>GOVERN
            • vtoNHF 9.2.34: be formally or effectively in charge of (a state); control (a person) 有國
            • vtoNinchoativecome to control, come to ruler over, come to be in charge of 有國"take over govt"
            • vtoNpassivebe governed and effectively controlled (by one) 不足有
            • inchoative>ANNEX
              • vtoNperfectivetake possession of
              • vt(oN)occupy the contextually determinate place N
          • object>PROPERTY
            • nobjectWHAT ONE OWNS: possession, property
      • inchoative, as recipient>RECEIVE
        • vtoNreceive (something)
        • active, as desired>OBTAIN
          • vtoNobtain (a good harvest etc)
          • vtoNdeserve to obtain
      • as part>CONTAIN
        • vtoNcontain as a proper part, comprise
        • be contained in world>EXIST
          • vt0.postNinchoativecome to exist, appear
          • nprosomething
          • nsubject=nonrefwhat exists, existing things
          • nabfeatureexistence
          • vt0(+N)there is (the contextually defined thing) 有"there is such an item"
          • vt0o.N-V[0]there was an N which V-ed
          • vt0o.N-V[0]inchoativecome to exist: arise a V-ing N
          • vt0oN.post-VtoNexist in N 於傳有之
          • vt0oN{SUBJ}.postN{TOP}As for the topic, there is N[SUBJ](A) 有 B: There is/exists a certain B (at/among A) 宋人有拔苗者
          • vt0oN{SUBJ}existthere are (subjects); there is 有人
          • vt0oN{SUBJ}inchoativecome into existence, come to appear (A) 有 B: There appeared a B (at/among A)
          • vt0oN1{SUBJ}.postN2{PLACE}}in N2 there exist N
          • vtoN.post-N{PLACE}in N there is, in N there was
          • vt0o.N-V[0]there was an N who V-ed
          • vt0oN{SUBJ}N exist(s)
          • vtoNderivedunmarked nominalisation: the existing of N> the existence of N
          • v0oN.-Sthere is an N to which S applies 有一事見之已久 "there is a matter which I have seen a long time ago"
          • vt0oNabthere are occasions of Nab
          • v[adN]pluralexisting things
          • inchoative>ARISE
            • vieventcome to exist
            • viprocessturn up
            • of animates>BIRTH
              • vtoNinchoativebeget (a child), engender, procreate
            • of events>HAPPEN
              • vtoNhave happened 有諸 "has this happened"
              • vtoSit happens, that S
              • vtpost.Nab{S}{SUBJECT}未嘗有 “this has never happened" the event described in S has never happened.
          • specific: of situations, as described>TRUE
            • vt0oNthere is such a (state of affairs) 有之,有諸?"is that so?
            • vt0oSthere is such a situation as that described in S
          • in a number of cases>SOME
            • nprosomeone =或; some... others
            • vadVquantifiersome, in some cases; under any circumstances
            • vadVsomewhatsomewhat, somehow
            • in addition to some>AND
              • vtoN1.postN2and 一身有半 (loan for yòu 又)
              • padv{NUM}.post-v{NUM}and in addition
            • (archaic) in great quantity>ABUNDANT
              • vadNOBI: being present in abundance
              • viOBI: be in abundant supply, be present in abundance. See Takashima 1978 Early China
            • at a number of times>SOMETIMES
              • vadNsometimessometimes, at times; occasionally
      • so as to have to use>RELY ON
        • vtoNstativedepend on, rest on (as life or death on fate)
        • dynamic: have and exercise>ACT
          • vtoNengage in (action); to bring (something) about; to make (an effort etc)
          • vtoNinchoativeto undertake (something); set out (for a journey etc)
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2N1=gift.N2=recipientbring about N1 to N2