COOPERATE  合作

INTERACT so as to MUTUALLY HELP.
COLLABORATEWORK TOGETHERWORK SIDE BY SIDEPULL TOGETHERBAND TOGETHERJOIN FORCESTEAM UPUNITECOMBINEPOOL RESOURCESMAKE COMMON CAUSELIAISECOLLABORATIONCOOPERATION
Taxonoymy

COPULATEHARMONYJOIN

Antonymy

COMPETE

See also

HELP

Kind Of

INTERACT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for cooperation is yǔ 與 (ant. jué 絕 "cut off relations with").

2. Shàn 善 refers to cooperation on the basis of excellent personal relations. (NB: ant. wù 惡 refers more to antipathy than lack of cooperation.) See INTERACT

3. Jié 結 refers to close cooperative ties leading to lasting coperation.

4. Fú còu 輻湊 refers to bureaucratic cooperation with the leadership. See HELP

Modern Chinese Criteria

合作

協力

協同

協助

合力

互助

搭檔

合夥 / 合伙

協作

搭檔

搭伙

通力合作

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 4.1091

KOOPERATION

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 176

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 181

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 60
  • vt+prep+N : 24
  • VPi : 9
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • VPt.postVtoN{OBJ} : 2
  • vt+V[0] : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • vi : 1
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2 : 1
  • vi2 : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • nab.+prep+N : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 1
  • vtpost-.VtoN : 1
  • nab : 1
  • VPtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 43
  • 戰國策 : 19
  • 韓非子 : 17
  • 論語 : 12
  • 說苑 : 6
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 尚書 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   yǔ OC: k-laʔ MC: ji̯ɤ 53 Attributions

The current general word for cooperation is yǔ 與 (ant. jué 絕 "cut off relations with").

  • vadNcooperating, allied, associated
  • vt[oN]be affably cooperative
  • vt+prep+Nbe complicit with; have connections with; be implicated in; be on good practical terms with
  • vt+V[0]be a participant in V-ing
  • vtoNbe on the side of; associate with, cooperate with, have dealings with; join in with
  • vtoNmutualcooperate (with each other)
  • vt(oN)join; cooperate with; join as a supporter
  • vtoNpassivebe cooperated with, be associated with
   shàn OC: ɡjenʔ MC: dʑiɛn 21 Attributions

Shàn 善 refers to cooperation on the basis of excellent personal relations. (NB: ant. wù 惡 refers more to antipathy than lack of cooperation.) See INTERACT

  • nabsocialgood relations, close relations (open or secret)
  • vt+prep+Nbe on good terms with N
  • vtoNbe on good terms with; cultivate strong relations with
  • nab.+prep+Nbe on good terms with
   hé OC: ɡloob MC: ɦəp 11 Attributions
  • nabactcooperation, alliance
  • vt+prep+Ncooperate with, ally oneself with
  • vtoNmake an alliance with; act in cooperation with
  • vi2actcooperate
輻湊   fú còu OC: pɯɡ skhoos MC: puk tshu 9 Attributions

Fú còu 輻湊 refers to bureaucratic cooperation with the leadership. See HELP

  • VPiactconverge and cooperate systematically (like the spokes of a wheel)
   jié OC: kiid MC: ket 5 Attributions

Jié 結 refers to close cooperative ties leading to lasting coperation.

  • vtoNkeep close relations with, collaborate with
   jiǎng OC: krooŋʔ MC: kɣɔŋ 3 Attributions
  • vt(oN)make peace with a contextually determiante person/object
  • vtpost-.VtoNmake peace with, negotiate on cooperation withy
   tóng OC: looŋ MC: duŋ 2 Attributions
  • vttoN1.+N2reflexive.自join (onself) with N2, ally (oneself) with N2
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2collaborate on N1 with N2 與夫子同之 “collaborate with you, my master, on things"
戮力   lù lì MC: ljuwk lik OC: ɡ-ruɡ ɡ-rɯɡ 2 Attributions
  • VPt.postVtoN{OBJ}join hands with, unite forces with
   xié OC: ɢlɯɯb MC: ɦep 1 Attribution
  • vt+V[0]cooperate in Ving
   yìng OC: qɯŋs MC: ʔɨŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNrespond positively so as to cooperate with
   yǒu OC: ɢʷɯʔ MC: ɦɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNhave the cooperation and support of
有善   yǒu shàn OC: ɢʷɯʔ ɡjenʔ MC: ɦɨu dʑiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcultivate good relations of cooperation with
   gōng OC: koŋ MC: ki̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • viactcooperate (with plural subject: should perhaps be vi2 or better vi{2}
   bì OC: bis MC: bi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNjoin with, ally onself with
   chǔ OC: khljaʔ MC: tɕhi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • viactengage in cooperation
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPt.postVtoN{OBJ}join hands with, unite forces with

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: