LACK  沒有

SITUATION OF NOT HAVING, OR NOT to BEING-IN the UNIVERSE.
ABSENTDEFICIENTWITHOUTABSENCEBE WITHOUTBE IN NEED OFNEEDBE LACKINGREQUIREWANTBE SHORT OFBE DEFICIENT INBE BEREFT OFBE LOW ONBE PRESSED FORHAVE INSUFFICIENTINFORMAL BE STRAPPED FOR
Hypernym

SITUATIONRELATION in which MANY HUMANS, FEATURES OR THINGS EXIST TOGETHER OR INTERACT. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

DEFECTBAD FEATURE in something GOOD OR LACK of a DESIRED GOOD FEATURE.HARMONYCOOPERATION among INTERACTING ELEMENTS.DISAPPEARBECOME LACKING:absent.

Hyponym
  • BARREN LACKING GROWTH of LIVING PLANTS.
    • BLIND LACK the ABILITY to SEE.
      • DEAF LACK the ABILITY to HEAR.
        • DRY LACK WATER INSIDE OR ON the SURFACE.
          • EMPTY LACK ALL POSSIBLE THINGS INSIDE.
            • LOSE to BEGIN to LACK something, NOT VOLUNTARILY.
              • FORGET LOSE AWARENESS of something.
              • NAKED LACK GARMENTS on one's BODY.
                • NEED LACK AND be DISTRESSED BECAUSE of that.
                  • HUNGRY NEED FOOD FOR ONESELF NOW.
                    • COST NEEDED TO be PAID WHEN ONE INTENDS to BUY SOMETHING. 
                      • THIRSTY NEED LIQUID to DRINK NOW.
                      • POOR LACK SUFFICIENT PROPERTY FOR a GOOD LIFE.
                        • TRAMP POOR so as to LACK an ENDURING HOME AND OFTEN so as to NEED to OFFEND the LAW IN-ORDER-TO LIVE.
                        • ROTTEN LACKING FRESHNESS.
                          • SILENCE LACK SOUND OR SPEECH.
                            • SLOW LACK QUICKNESS.
                            • SMALL LACK BIGNESS IN-RELATION-TO a STANDARD, OR IN-RELATION-TO the SIZE of a HUMAN.
                              • NARROW SMALL in the MORE SMALL DIMENSION.
                                • SHALLOW SMALL in DOWNWARD DIMENSION, of WATER.
                                  • SHORT SMALL in THE MOST LONG HORIZONTAL DIMENSION.
                                    • THIN SMALL in the MOST SMALL DIMENSION.
                                      • SLIM THIN AND NOT FAT, of HUMANS AND ANIMALS.
                                    • LOW SMALL VERTICALLY.
                                      • INFERIOR MORE LOW IN RANK, REPUTATION OR TALENT.
                                    • LITTLE SMALL in QUANTITY of a SUBSTANCE.
                                      • INSUFFICIENT FEW OR LITTLE IN-RELATION-TO what is NEEDED.
                                    • BRIEF SMALL RELATED TO TIME USED TO EXPRESS SOMETHING.
                                      • PETTY SMALL IN ABSTRACT WAYS, "NARROW".
                                      • SOFT LACK HARDNESS.
                                        • STUPID LACK APPROPRIATE INTELLIGENCE.
                                          • INCOMPETENT STUPID so as NOT to be ABLE to ACT:do DEFINED THINGS one SHOULD DO.
                                            • NAIVE STUPID BECAUSE LACKING IMPORTANT EXPERIENCE.
                                            • TASTELESS LACK FLAVOUR.
                                              • UNIMPORTANT LACK IMPORTANCE.
                                                • TENUOUS UNIMPORTANT BECAUSE LACKING BIGNESS, REALITY, OR HIGH DEGREE.
                                                  • THIN SMALL in the MOST SMALL DIMENSION.
                                                • TRIVIAL UNIMPORTANT to SAY, BECAUSE EXCESSIVELY COMMONLY KNOWN.
                                                • UNJUST LACK JUSTICE.
                                                  • UNRESTRAINED LACK MODERATION AND ACT CONFORMING to one's DESIRES.
                                                    • FRIVOLOUS UNRESTRAINED so as to LACK SERIOUSNESS.
                                                      • FREE LEGITIMATELY UNRESTRAINED in DEFINED ways.[[FREI]]
                                                        • FREEDOM OF SPEECH FREEDOM to SPEAK PUBLICLY of what one THINKS.
                                                        • SALVATION BECOME FREE and PEACEFUL AND ACHIEVE ALL one's MOST IMPORTANT SUPERNATURAL ASPIRATIONS.
                                                    • USELESS LACK USEFULNESS.
                                                      • WEAK LACK STRENGTH.
                                                      • DROUGHT LACK of EXPECTED RAIN.
                                                        • SIMPLE LACK MUTUALLY DIFFERENT PARTS OR FEATURES.
                                                          • UNTRUE LACKING TRUTH OR CONTRARY to REALITY.
                                                            • ABSURD UNTRUE so that ONE is INTENSELY NOT ABLE to IMAGINE IT to be TRUE. 
                                                            • UNABLE LACK ABILITY to ACT:do something.
                                                              • FULL LACK EMPTY PLACE INSIDE oneself.
                                                                • VAGUE LACKING CLEAR DEFINITION.
                                                                • CLEAN LACK DIRT OR NOT CONTAIN DIRT, TYPICALLY on the SURFACE.
                                                                  • CLEANSE CAUSE TO BECOME CLEAN.
                                                                    • WASH CLEANSE USING WATER.
                                                                • BALD LACKING HAIR ON one's HEAD.
                                                                  • ABSTRACT LACKING REFER-TO:reference to CONCRETE THINGS.
                                                                    • ABSOLUTE What is ABSTRACT and does not DEPEND on OTHER ABSTRACT OR CONCRETE THINGS.
                                                                    • SUPERFICIAL LACK PROFOUNDNESS.
                                                                      • IGNORANT LACK KNOWLEDGE.
                                                                        • DILETTANTISM IGNORANCE OF A SUBJECT ONE PRETENDS TO UNDERSTAND.
                                                                        • UNCOOKED LACK COOKING.
                                                                          • UNEVEN LACKING FLATNESS.
                                                                            • UNEMPLOYMENT LACK of PAID WORK for an ADULT.
                                                                              • UNINHABITED LACK HUMANS who DWELL in a PLACE.
                                                                                • INVOLUNTARY NATURALLY AND LACKING an INTENTION to ACT as one ACTS.
                                                                                  • UNCONSCIOUS LACK AWARENESS.
                                                                                    • HANDICAPPED LACKING THE USE OF A LIMB OR AN ORGAN.
                                                                                      • IMPOTENCE LACK of ABILITY for COPULATION.
                                                                                        • ILLITERATE LACK ABILITY TO READ AND WRITE.
                                                                                          • ARBITRARY LACK REASON IN CHOOSING OR DECIDING. 
                                                                                            • QUIET LACK SOUND.
                                                                                              • IRRATIONAL LACK RATIONALITY
                                                                                                • NOTHING WHAT IS LACKING IN THE WORLD.
                                                                                                  • ABSENT LACK IN A CERTAIN PLACE
                                                                                                    • DESPERATE LACK HOPE
                                                                                                      • STERILE LACKING ABILITY TO GIVE-BIRTH-TO CHILDREN.
                                                                                                        Old Chinese Criteria

                                                                                                        1. The general term for the absence, lack or the failure to have something is wú 無 (ant. yǒu 有 "have").

                                                                                                        2. Quē 缺 refers to the absence of what ought to be there.

                                                                                                        3. Quē 闕 can refer specifically to the deliberate or inadvertent omission of what one might expect was there, but sometimes the word is used interchangeably with quē 缺.

                                                                                                        4. Fá 乏 (ant. zú 足 "have enough of") refers to the insufficiency of something needed or the absence of supplies.

                                                                                                        • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 9.93

                                                                                                        • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 450

                                                                                                          ABSQUE

                                                                                                          ...

                                                                                                          est enim absentiae nota. V. Sine.

                                                                                                        • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

                                                                                                          abesse "be absent" corresponds to 無 which also denotes pure absence.

                                                                                                          deesse "be missing" refers to the absence of something that should be there, rather like 闕.

                                                                                                          The difference between inchoative deficere "come to be short of" and deesse "be short of" has no corresponding pair in CC.

                                                                                                          LACK

                                                                                                          carere refers to the lack of a desirable possession.

                                                                                                          egere refers to the objective lack of an indispensable possession.

                                                                                                          indigere refers to the subjective lack of an indispensable possession.

                                                                                                        • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 41 AND 79B

                                                                                                        • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 1.29

                                                                                                        • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 1.70

                                                                                                          ABWESENHEIT

                                                                                                        • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 794

                                                                                                          缺,闕

                                                                                                          1. WL claims that in the meaning "defect", "fault" the graph used in ancient times was que1 闕. In fact, the graph que1 缺 is also quite current in pre-Buddhist texts.

                                                                                                        • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 954

                                                                                                          罔,網,网

                                                                                                        • The Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( BORCHERT 2005) p.

                                                                                                          NONEXISTENT OBJECT, NON-BEING

                                                                                                        • Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages ( DE VAAN 2008) p.

                                                                                                          careo 'to lack, be without' [v. II; pf. caruT] (PL+)

                                                                                                          Derivatives: castus 'free from, pure, chaste' (P1.+),

                                                                                                        • Ästhetische Grundbegriffe ( BARCK 2010) p. 1.1

                                                                                                        • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p. 1

                                                                                                          ABESSE; DEESSE; DEFICERE. 1. Abess.e denotea

                                                                                                          absence as a local relation, to be away from a place;

                                                                                                          but d e e s s e denotes an absence by which a thing is rendered incomplete, and means to fail, to be wanting,

                                                                                                          in opp. to esse and superesse. Cic. Brut. 80. Calidio

                                                                                                          hoc unum, si nihil utilitatis habebat, abfuit, si opus

                                                                                                          erat, Defait. 2. Deesse denotes a completed (i.e.

                                                                                                          already existing), deficere, a commencing state.

                                                                                                          Cic. Verr. i. 11. Vererer no oratio deesset, ne vox

                                                                                                          viresque deficerent. (v. 339.)

                                                                                                        • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 179A

                                                                                                          ABWESENHEIT

                                                                                                        Attributions by syntactic funtion

                                                                                                        • vtoN : 94
                                                                                                        • vt0oN : 33
                                                                                                        • VPtoN : 27
                                                                                                        • VPt0oN{SUBJ} : 13
                                                                                                        • vi : 11
                                                                                                        • VPt+V[0] : 9
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adV : 8
                                                                                                        • VPi : 5
                                                                                                        • nab : 5
                                                                                                        • vt(oN) : 4
                                                                                                        • vt+V[0] : 4
                                                                                                        • vadN : 2
                                                                                                        • NPab : 2
                                                                                                        • vt+prep+N : 2
                                                                                                        • VPi(0) : 1
                                                                                                        • vadVt(oN) : 1
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adS : 1
                                                                                                        • vt[0]oN.adV(0){NEG} : 1
                                                                                                        • vtoN.postadV : 1
                                                                                                        • vt0oN1{SUBJ}.postN2{PLACE} : 1
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adS : 1
                                                                                                        • n : 1
                                                                                                        • npro : 1
                                                                                                        • vtoN1.postadN2 : 1
                                                                                                        • VPt0[oN] : 1
                                                                                                        • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
                                                                                                        • vi-P : 1

                                                                                                        Attributions by text

                                                                                                        • 孟子 : 36
                                                                                                        • 荀子 : 34
                                                                                                        • 說苑 : 28
                                                                                                        • 百喻經 : 18
                                                                                                        • 賢愚經 : 17
                                                                                                        • 禮記 : 10
                                                                                                        • 孝經 : 9
                                                                                                        • 晏子春秋 : 8
                                                                                                        • 法言 : 6
                                                                                                        • 戰國策 : 5
                                                                                                        • 陸機集十一卷 : 5
                                                                                                        • 祖堂集 : 5
                                                                                                        • 公孫龍子 : 4
                                                                                                        • 墨子 : 4
                                                                                                        • 妙法蓮華經 : 4
                                                                                                        • 管子 : 4
                                                                                                        • 臨濟錄 : 4
                                                                                                        • 法集要頌經 : 3
                                                                                                        • 六祖壇經 : 3
                                                                                                        • 尚書 : 3
                                                                                                        • 呂氏春秋 : 3
                                                                                                        • 論衡 : 3
                                                                                                        • 老子 : 2
                                                                                                        • 文子 : 2
                                                                                                        • 孫子 : 2
                                                                                                        • 莊子 : 2
                                                                                                        • 論語 : 1
                                                                                                        • 韓非子 : 1
                                                                                                        • 記纂淵海 : 1
                                                                                                        • 老子甲本 : 1
                                                                                                        • 忠經 : 1
                                                                                                        • 淮南子 : 1
                                                                                                        • 太平經 : 1
                                                                                                        • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1

                                                                                                        Words

                                                                                                        無 / 毋 / 亡 / 无   wú OC: ma MC: mi̯o wú OC: ma MC: mi̯o wáng OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ wú OC: ma MC: mi̯o 133 Attributions

                                                                                                        The general term for the lack or the failure to have something is wú 無 (ant. yǒu 有 "have"). The general term for the lack or the failure to have something is wú 無 (ant. yǒu 有 "have"). The general term for the lack or the failure to have something is wú 無 (ant. yǒu 有 "have"). The general term for the lack or the failure to have something is wú 無 (ant. yǒu 有 "have").

                                                                                                        • nabhavenot-having things
                                                                                                        • vinot exist; be lacking; be missing
                                                                                                        • vtoNlack, be without; make do without; imply no (harm or loss); lack the support of (subordinates)
                                                                                                        • vt0oNN=logical subjectthere is a lack of
                                                                                                        • vt(oN)be without the contextually determinate thing
                                                                                                        • nabstativeabsence of untoward things; clear path
                                                                                                        • vttoN1.+prep+N2reflexive.己lack N1 within (oneself)
                                                                                                        • nabplaceabsence; the place where something is absent or lacking
                                                                                                        • nababstractnothingness, absence of anything whatsoever
                                                                                                        • vtoN1.postadN2without
                                                                                                        • vt+V[0]V=object of Vlack an object of V > have nothing to V, have nothing that one Vs
                                                                                                        • vt(oN)ombe without the contextually determinate object N
                                                                                                        • nab.tfeaturelack > non-existence of N
                                                                                                        • nprono one
                                                                                                        • vadNthe missing N, the non-existing N, the non-extant N
                                                                                                        • vtoNN=support of Nlack; have lost the support of N
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adVwithout
                                                                                                        • vt0oNthere are no Ns
                                                                                                        • vtoNderivedlack the experience of> never encounter
                                                                                                        • vtoNlack the N one needs
                                                                                                        • vadVt(oN)there is not the contextually determinate object N of the Vt, there is no contextually determinate object N of the Vt
                                                                                                        • vt0oN1{SUBJ}.postN2{PLACE}there is no N1 at N2
                                                                                                        • vt[0]oN.adV(0){NEG}=無所 e.g. 無與慮國 "have not one to plan for the state with": lack the object of Vt in V-ing
                                                                                                        無有   wú yǒu OC: ma ɢʷɯʔ MC: mi̯o ɦɨu 37 Attributions
                                                                                                        • VPihave nothing in it
                                                                                                        • VPt0oN{SUBJ}there is no such thing as N
                                                                                                        • VPtoNstativelack
                                                                                                        • VPi(0)there is not the obligatorily omitted but contextually determinate thing
                                                                                                           fēi OC: pɯl MC: pɨi 9 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adVwithout
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adSwithout
                                                                                                        無以   wú yǐ OC: ma k-lɯʔ MC: mi̯o jɨ 9 Attributions
                                                                                                        • VPt+V[0]lack the means to; lack the means whereby; not to have what it takes to
                                                                                                        • VPt+V[0]have no object to V
                                                                                                           wǎng OC: maŋʔ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 7 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vt+V[0]lack to V > be unable to V (elaveted form of negation)
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adVlacking, being without
                                                                                                        • vtoNlack; be without
                                                                                                        • vt0oNthere is no
                                                                                                           quē OC: khʷeed MC: khet 6 Attributions

                                                                                                        Quē 缺 refers to the absence of what ought to be there.

                                                                                                        • nsubjectwhat is lacking, what is missing
                                                                                                        • vadNlacking
                                                                                                        • vi-Pactbe lacking, be absent
                                                                                                        • vibe lacking; (of a post:) be vacant
                                                                                                        • vichangecome to be lacking
                                                                                                        • vtoNlack
                                                                                                           fá OC: bob MC: bi̯ɐp 5 Attributions

                                                                                                        Fá 乏 (ant. zú 足 "have enough of") refers to the insufficiency of something needed or the absence of supplies.

                                                                                                        • nablack, vacancy
                                                                                                        • vifail to arrive when expected, be lacking
                                                                                                        • vt(oN)lack the contextually determinate object
                                                                                                        • vt+prep+Nhave a short supply of
                                                                                                        • vtoNfail to contain, lack, fail to have what one should have
                                                                                                        • vtoNcausativecause there to be a shortage of
                                                                                                           jué OC: dzod MC: dziɛt 5 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vtoNchangefall short of, come to lack; be cut off from so as to lose control over
                                                                                                        • vibe lacking; fall short
                                                                                                           què, quē OC: khod MC: khi̯ɐt 3 Attributions

                                                                                                        Quē 闕 can refer specifically to the deliberate or inadvertent omission of what one might expect was there, but sometimes the word is used interchangeably with quē 缺.

                                                                                                        • nabstativelack, shortage; insufficiency; deficiency; lack of defense; state of indigence or defenselessness
                                                                                                        • vadNmissing
                                                                                                        • vimiddle voicebe missing, be lacking
                                                                                                        • vtoNfall short of, lack; fail to provide
                                                                                                        • vtoNcausativecause there to be a lack
                                                                                                        乏短   fá duǎn OC: bob toonʔ MC: bi̯ɐp tʷɑn 2 Attributions
                                                                                                        • VPtoNstativebe short of
                                                                                                        乏絕   fá jué OC: bob dzod MC: bi̯ɐp dziɛt 2 Attributions
                                                                                                        • VPiresultativebe in short supply to the point of being used up
                                                                                                        無復   wú fù OC: ma buɡs MC: mi̯o bɨu 2 Attributions
                                                                                                        • VPtoNlack any further objects (which there were before?)
                                                                                                        亡有   wáng yǒu MC: mjang hjuwX OC: maŋ ɢʷɯʔ 2 Attributions
                                                                                                        • VPiread wú yǒu: not exist
                                                                                                           mǐ MC: mjeX OC: mralʔ 2 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vtoNlack, remain without
                                                                                                        不有   bù yǒu OC: pɯʔ ɢʷɯʔ MC: pi̯ut ɦɨu 1 Attribution
                                                                                                        • vt0oNthere is a lack of
                                                                                                        無備   wú bèi OC: ma brɯɡs MC: mi̯o bi 1 Attribution

                                                                                                        aspect in which one lacks enough preparation

                                                                                                        • NPabfeatureaspect in which one lacks enough preparation
                                                                                                        罔有   wǎng yǒu OC: maŋʔ ɢʷɯʔ MC: mi̯ɐŋ ɦɨu 1 Attribution
                                                                                                        • VPt0[oN]there is a lack of
                                                                                                        虧欠   kuī qiàn OC: khʷral khoms MC: khiɛ khi̯ɐm 1 Attribution
                                                                                                        • VPtoNbe deficient concerning; lack something in relationship to
                                                                                                        闕少   què, quē shǎo OC: khod hmljewʔ MC: khi̯ɐt ɕiɛu 1 Attribution
                                                                                                        • NPabfeaturewhat is lacking > shortcoming; fault
                                                                                                           bù OC: pɯʔ MC: pi̯ut 1 Attribution
                                                                                                        • vtoNfail to act according to N; show a lack of N
                                                                                                           wēi OC: mɯl MC: mɨi 1 Attribution
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adVwithout
                                                                                                        • vtoN.adSif N had not been there, then S
                                                                                                        不滿   bù mǎn MC: pjut manX OC: pɯʔ mboonʔ 1 Attribution
                                                                                                        • vtoN.postadVnot fully to the extent of the amount N
                                                                                                           nǜ OC: nuɡ MC: ɳuk 0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: shortfall (as opposed to excess of a number, in relation to the exact number)JZ 7.4, Liu Hui's comm: 不盈不朒之正數 "the exact quantity, without excess and without shortfall"JZ 1.32, Li Chunfeng: 圓田正法 "the correct method for the circular figure".
                                                                                                           mò OC: maad MC: mʷɑt 0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vadVnegative無所
                                                                                                        • vtoN無所以
                                                                                                           mò OC: maaɡ MC: mɑk 0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • padNrare, archaising PARTICLE: without
                                                                                                           kuī OC: khʷral MC: khiɛ 0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vibe in short supply
                                                                                                        非實   fēi shí OC: pɯl ɢljiɡ MC: pɨi ʑit 0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • NPsubjectBUDDH: that which lacks reality > non-existent entity
                                                                                                        • NPabfeatureBUDDH: lack of substance > unreality
                                                                                                        靡有   mǐ yǒu OC: mralʔ ɢʷɯʔ MC: miɛ ɦɨu 0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • VPt[0]oNarchaic: there are no N
                                                                                                            MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vtoN.postadVnot fully to the extent of the amount N
                                                                                                            MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
                                                                                                        • vtoNlack, remain without

                                                                                                        Existing SW for

                                                                                                        Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: