EMPLOY  僱用用/使

COMMAND to ACT:do PAID WORK FOR ONESELF.
HIREENGAGERECRUITTAKE ONSECURE THE SERVICES OFSIGN UPSIGNPUT ON THE PAYROLLENROLLAPPOINTRETAINCONTRACTINDENTUREAPPRENTICE
Taxonoymy

APPOINT

Antonymy

DISMISSSERVE

See also

COMMAND

Kind Of

COMMAND

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for employing someone for any purpose, but also in highly formal bureacratic contexts, is yòng 用.

2. Shǐ 使 refers to employing someone in a certain mission or for a certain task.

3. Rén 任 refers to investing someone with certain official or legal responsibilities.

4. Huàn 宦 refers to employing someone as a subordinate of any kind below the rank of a senior minister.

5. Yōng 庸 / 傭 refers to hiring someone through promising him a salary.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

TRADE 17. 雇傭。

傭,出賣勞動力長期服務於固定的雇主。

賃,出賣勞動力服務於臨時雇主。

雇,有償使用他人勞動力。

Modern Chinese Criteria

雇用

雇佣

雇請

雇工

聘請

聘任

聘用

延聘

延請

招聘

錄用

聘請

找人

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 11.77

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 352

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 110
  • vt(oN) : 4
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • n : 3
  • vadN : 2
  • vtoN : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vtt(oN.)+V[0] : 1
  • vi : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 46
  • 說苑 : 16
  • 論語 : 14
  • 春秋左傳 : 13
  • 管子 : 7
  • 呂氏春秋 : 5
  • 孟子 : 5
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 孫子 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 長短經 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   yòng OC: k-loŋs MC: ji̯oŋ 44 Attributions

The current general word for employing someone for any purpose, but also in highly formal bureacratic contexts, is yòng 用.

  • vt(oN)employ the contextually determinate person
  • vtoNmake use of the services of (a horse etc), employ (armed force etc); employ (a person); make proper use of
  • vtoNpositivemake proper use of
  • vtoNpassivebe employed, get employed
   rèn OC: njɯms MC: ȵim 33 Attributions

Rèn 任 refers to investing someone with certain official or legal responsibilities.

  • vadNemployed
  • vtoNgive responsibilities to; give responsibilities for something to someone, put in charge of
  • vtoNpassivebe given responsibilities
  • vtoNappoint (to a high position)
  • vt[oN]give responsibilities to; give responsibilities for something to someone, put in charge of
  • vt(oN)give responsibilities to contextually determinate N
使   shǐ OC: srɯʔ MC: ʂɨ 28 Attributions

Shǐ 使 refers to employing someone in a certain mission or for a certain task.

  • nobjectread shì: employee; envoy
  • nabactemployment
  • vadNpassiveemployed
  • vt+V[0]passivebe long-term employed in the function to S
  • vtoNemploy on a mission; send out as representative or ambassador; send as an emissary (to a place) (to do something)
  • vtoNpassivebe employed, be on an official mission
  • vttoN.+V[0]act asemploy as, employ to act as 使為
  • vttoN.+V[0]pivotto send (somebody to do something); set (someone to do something) see also: COMMAND for temporary orders to do something
  • vtt(oN.)+V[0]employ the contextually determinate N to V
  • vtoNemploy in one's service
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2employ N1 as N2
   xī OC: sid MC: sit 5 Attributions
  • vtoNconscribe all; use all, deploy all; use up all the resources of
   guān OC: koon MC: kʷɑn 4 Attributions
  • vtoNemploy as a formal official
信用   xìn yòng OC: sins k-loŋs MC: sin ji̯oŋ 4 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)resultativeemploy with good faith the contextually determinate person
  • VPtoNresultativeemploy with good faith
   yǐ OC: k-lɯʔ MC: jɨ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNarchaic: e.g. 不吾以 "they do not employ me" employ
  • vtoNpassivee.g. 怨乎不以 "be resentful that they are not employed": be employed, get employed
  • DELETEwhen employing N then V
   yōng OC: k-loŋ MC: ji̯oŋ 2 Attributions

Yōng 庸/傭 refers to hiring someone through promising him a salary.

  • vadNemployed; hired
  • vtoNto hire
  • vtoNpassiveget employed; be employed in corvee labour
   huàn OC: ɢʷraans MC: ɦɣan 2 Attributions

Huàn 宦 refers to employing someone as a subordinate of any kind below the rank of a senior minister.

  • vadNpassiveemployed in a minor official function
  • vtoNcausativehave someone employed as an official
  • vtoNpassivebe employed as an official
   yōng OC: k-loŋ MC: ji̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNemploy properly
   mǎi OC: mreeʔ MC: mɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNhire
   gù OC: klaas MC: kuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNemploy
   chǐ OC: khljɯʔ MC: tɕhɨ 1 Attribution
  • vimiddle voiceget employed, gain employment
當路   dāng lù OC: taaŋ ɡ-raaɡs MC: tɑŋ luo̝ 1 Attribution
  • VPt+prep+Ninchoativeto gain an influential position (in a state)
   yóu OC: liw MC: jɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoN
   yíng MC: ngjaeng OC: ŋɡraŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)employ the contextually determinate N 迎以令尹
   yǒu MC: hjuwX OC: ɢʷɯʔ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNhave in one's employment
   zhí MC: tsyik OC: kljɯɡ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNemploy in a regular official function
   shì OC: dzrɯʔ MC: ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
  • viact=仕:be in official employment
   guān OC: kroon MC: kɣan 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassiveget deployed as, get posted in
   shì OC: dzrɯs MC: ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNemploy in service
   qǐ OC: khɯʔ MC: khɨ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNemploy (a person in office)
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNhave in one's employment

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: