Taxonomy of meanings for 不:

  • bù (OC: pɯʔ MC: piut) 分勿切 入 廣韻:【與弗同又府鳩方久二切 】
    • NOT
      • padVoppositelitotes: e.g. 不仁"be cruel and violent": do or be the opposite of V"
      • padVt.postadVablein verbal complement constructions (e.g. 道不得 'not be able to say', 行不得 'not be able to practice', 看不見 'not be able to see')
      • vi(0)it is not so
      • vi(0)questionor is this not so? probably to be read fǒu 否
      • vt{NEG}+V.adN"un-"??un-VERB-ed, un-VERBing. 不教民
      • vt+V[0].adNnot negating an adnominal verb or "adjective"
      • vt+V[0].adVnot
      • vt+V[0]not
      • vt{NEG}+V{NUM}less than (不十年 "within the period of less than ten years")
      • vt(+V(0))not do the contextually determinate V-ing
      • pre-nominal>COPULA
        • specific> NOT YET
        • conditional>IF NOT
          • padS1.adS2unless
          • padN{PRED}.adSif not
        • injunctive> DON’T
        • discontinutative: no more>STOP
          • vt+V[0]cease to V; start not to V
        • litotes:不少 “not a few, i.e. many” >CONTRARY
          • vt+V[0]by litotes: not in the least, the contrary of
        • with rhetorical effect> QUESTION PARTICLE 不V乎?
    • 不 fǒu (OC: pɯʔ MC: piu) 方久切 上 廣韻:【弗也説文作𠀚鳥飛上翔不下來也从一一天也象形又甫鳩甫救二切 】
      • =否NOT
        • padVoppositelitotes: e.g. 不仁"be cruel and violent": do or be the opposite of V"
        • padVt.postadVablein verbal complement constructions (e.g. 道不得 'not be able to say', 行不得 'not be able to practice', 看不見 'not be able to see')
        • vi(0)it is not so
        • vi(0)questionor is this not so? probably to be read fǒu 否
        • vt{NEG}+V.adN"un-"??un-VERB-ed, un-VERBing. 不教民
        • vt+V[0].adNnot negating an adnominal verb or "adjective"
        • vt+V[0].adVnot
        • vt+V[0]not
        • vt{NEG}+V{NUM}less than (不十年 "within the period of less than ten years")
        • vt(+V(0))not do the contextually determinate V-ing
    • 不 pi1
    • 不 fōu (OC: pɯ MC: piu) 甫鳩切 平 廣韻:【弗也又姓晉書有汲郡人不準盗發六國時魏王冢得古文竹書今之汲冢記也甫鳩切又甫九甫救二切五 】
    • 不 fu1《集韻》風無切,平虞非。