QUICK  

Be INTENSE in MOVING OR CHANGING CAUSING the PERIOD of this MOVEMENT OR CHANGE to be INTENSELY SHORT.
RAPIDFASTSWIFTRAPIDSPEEDYHIGH-SPEEDBREAKNECKEXPEDITIOUSBRISKSMARTINFORMAL ZIPPYLITERARY FLEET
Taxonoymy

SUDDENLY

Antonymy

SLOW

See also

IMMEDIATELYHURRY

Kind Of

INTENSELY

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for anything that moves at high speed is sù 速 (ant. chí 遲 "so slowly that one becomes late").

2. Jí 疾 (ant. xú 徐 "slowly") typically refers to urgent speedy action of limited duration.

3. Jí 亟 (ant huǎn 緩 "too slowly") refers to maximum speed possible under prevailing circumstances.

4. Jíé 捷 adds to the notion of maximum speed the nuance of deftness and general skill.

5. Piāo 飄 refers specifically to the speed of wind.

6. Xùn 迅 emphasises high speed and abruptness and eruptive violence, often in natural processes.

7. Bù rì 不日 without delay, in a short time, quickly.

NB: Kuài 快 came to mean "quickly" soon after Han times.

Modern Chinese Criteria

連忙

急忙

快速

高速

迅速

神速

迅猛

火速

飛速

星速

全速

迅捷

敏捷

矯捷

便捷

輕捷

快疾

迅疾

麻利 (coll) refers to swift agility.

快當

投梭

掣電

飛快

飛躍

奮迅

長足

靈通

劈手

飛針走線

急若鷹隼

急若流星

似箭

如梭

如流

如飛

疾馳

星馳

一溜煙 Eb

一個箭步

騰雲駕霧

骨騰肉飛

風馳電掣

追風逐電

逐日追風

一日千里

日行千里

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 14.21

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 105

572. Ex Agraet. qui amplius, Velocitas pedum et corporum, celeritas animorum atque factorum.

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

QUICK

citus refers to swift and lively movement.

celer refers to eager and swift intense movement.

rapidus refers to movement which is very eager to be as fast as possible.

NIMBLE

velocitas refers to nimble dexterity in linear movement like running, swimming etc.

pernicitas refers to swiftness of movement in hopping, vauling, climbing etc.

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 731

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 340

MENGZI TONGYI 2002 “孟子”同義詞研究 111

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 96

WANG WEIHUI 2000 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 358

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1434

迅,速,快,疾

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996急忙 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 288

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 549

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadV : 59
  • vi : 33
  • vadN : 23
  • VPi : 8
  • nab : 8
  • n : 3
  • vi : 2
  • vtoN : 2
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2} : 2
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • VPadV : 2
  • vt+V[0] : 2
  • nab.post-N : 1
  • v[adN] : 1
  • VPadS : 1
  • vpostadV : 1
  • NPadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 38
  • 春秋左傳 : 20
  • 百喻經 : 9
  • 祖堂集 : 9
  • 荀子 : 7
  • 管子 : 7
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 孟子 : 6
  • 論語 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 5
  • 戰國策 : 5
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 法集要頌經 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 尹文子 : 1

Words

   sù OC: sooɡ MC: suk 39 Attributions
  • nsubjectwhat is swift
  • nabconcept(notion of) speed
  • nabstativebeing fast, being quick
  • vadVquickly; fast; as soon as possible
  • vadVadverb-raisingquickly ( e.g. 速能V= 能速V)
  • vibe speedy, rapid, quick; be in a hurry
  • vpostadVquickly
  • vt+prep+Ngradedbe faster than (something)
  • vtoNcausativespeed up; hasten (a contextually determinate object or action)
  • vtoNcausativecause to come quickly, quicken the arrival of, "invite"; speed up
  • vadVexcessivelytoo fast
  • viquickly understandable, easy to understand
  • nab.post-Nthe high speed of N
   jí OC: dzid MC: dzit 37 Attributions

Jí 疾 (ant. xú 徐 "slowly") typically refers to urgent speedy action of limited duration.

  • nabactspeeding up, enforcing urgently
  • nabfeaturespeed
  • v[adN]indefinitethose who are quick; the speedy
  • vadNfast, very quick; gusty (winds)
  • vadVswiftly, quickly; rashly; in such haste
  • vibe fast and intensive (of wind etc)
  • viactmove quickly; move with urgency; be fast enough
  • vt+V[0]be very quick to, be very eager to
   jí OC: krɯb MC: kip 15 Attributions
  • vadNfast-flowing (river)
  • vadVurgently, quickly
  • vibe quick; be quick to react
  • vpostadVin great haste
   xùn OC: sɯns MC: sʷin 7 Attributions

Xùn 迅 emphasises high speed and abruptness and eruptive violence, often in natural processes.

  • vadNvery fast; very abrupt; gushy (wind)
  • vadVabruptly
  • vibe extremely fast and strong (of winds or lightning); be quick to come
   zǒu OC: tsooʔ MC: tsu 6 Attributions
  • vadNfleet-footed (horses), racing (horses)
   jí OC: kɯɡ MC: kɨk 5 Attributions

Jí 亟 (ant. huǎn 緩 "too slowly") refers to maximum speed possible under prevailing circumstances.

  • vadVgradedquickly, urgently, on the spot, without any delay whatsoever
  • viactbe quicker 亟於
   jù OC: ɡlas MC: gi̯ɤ 5 Attributions
  • vadNimmediate; quick
  • vadVquickly
   chuán OC: djon MC: dʑiɛn 3 Attributions

without delay, in no time

  • vadVquickly
   kuài OC: khʷraads MC: khɣɛi 2 Attributions
  • vadVquickly
  • vibe quick of mind
激 / 激憿   jī OC: kleeɡ MC: kek  OC:  MC:  2 Attributions
  • vibe hot-tempered; brisk
   bào OC: boowɡs MC: bɑu 2 Attributions
  • vadNquick, fast
  • vadVrapidly; LH 1: at reasonably quick speed
率爾   shuài ěr OC: sruds mljelʔ MC: ʂi ȵiɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPibe unruffled and quick
造然   zào rán OC: skhuuɡs njen MC: tshɑu ȵiɛn 2 Attributions
  • VPadVquickly; abruptly
儵 / 倏   shū OC: qhljɯwɡ MC: ɕuk shū OC: qhljɯwɡ MC: ɕuk 1 Attribution
  • vadVHUAINAN: in no time, after short intervals; occasionally used verbally: dart forth abruptly
    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution
  • vadNhot-tempered; brisk
   jié OC: sɡleb MC: dziɛp 1 Attribution

Jíé 捷 adds to the notion of maximum speed the nuance of deftness and general skill.

  • vibe deft and quick
   jí OC: ɡɯɡ MC: gɨk 1 Attribution
  • vadVquickly (loan for 亟)
   liè OC: b-red MC: liɛt 1 Attribution
  • vichangeto quicken, to become violent (like a gust of wind)
   jué OC: kod MC: ki̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • vadVquickly
輕 / 輕   qìng OC: kheŋs MC: khiɛŋ qīng OC: kheŋ MC: khiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vilight-footed, nimble-footed; fickle
   chì OC: rʰɯɡ MC: ʈhɨk 1 Attribution

1. The most current general word for anything that moves at high speed is sù 速 (ant. chí 遲 "so slowly that one becomes late").

  • vadNfast; speedy; swift
   piāo OC: phew MC: phiɛu 1 Attribution

Piāo 飄 refers specifically to the speed of wind.

  • vadNfast and whirling (of wind)
  • vadVwhirlingly, at whirling speed
   fēi OC: pɯl MC: pɨi 1 Attribution
  • vadNfleet, quick as if flying 飛駏
   shǐ OC: srɯʔ MC: ʂɨ 1 Attribution
  • vadNswift-running, quick
   zhòu OC: sɡrus MC: ɖʐɨu 1 Attribution
  • vadVquickly
不日   bù rì OC: pɯʔ mljiɡ MC: pi̯ut ȵit 1 Attribution

Bù rì 不日without delay, in a short time, quickly.

  • VPadSwithout delay
日夜   rì yè OC: mljiɡ k-laɡs MC: ȵit jɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPadVin a short time (like a day and its night), quickly
激急   jī jí OC: kleeɡ krɯb MC: kek kip 1 Attribution
  • VPibe fast-moving
疾徐   jí xú OC: dzid lja MC: dzit zi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}featurerelative speed
迅疾   xùn jí OC: sɯns dzid MC: sʷin dzit 1 Attribution
  • VPibe fast
迅速   xùn sù OC: sɯns sooɡ MC: sʷin suk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe quick, fast, rapid
遲速   chí sù OC: rlil sooɡ MC: ɖi suk 1 Attribution
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}featurerapid versus slow onset??
   lì OC: rids MC: li 1 Attribution
  • vifast; agile
揮霍   huī huò  MC: xjw+j xwak  OC: qhul qhʷaaɡ  1 Attribution
  • VPibe quick to emerge, to change and to disappear; be ephemeral
偏疾   piān jí MC: phjien dzit OC: phen dzid 1 Attribution
  • NPabquick and urgent musical mode; prestissimo
齊給   qí jǐ jǐ xiá gěi MC: dzej kip OC: dziil krub 1 Attribution
  • VPifigurativequick-witted
便利   biàn lì MC: bjien lijH OC: bens rids 1 Attribution
  • VPifigurativenimble, prompt
   cù OC: tshoɡ MC: tshi̯ok 0 Attributions
  • vadVquickly 促死 "die quickly"
  • vibe quick
   jù OC: ɡlaɡ MC: gɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • vadVquickly; abruptly
  • vibe quick and dramatic  YANG XIONG 二世而亡,何其劇與。
   shuò OC: sqrooɡ MC: ʂɣɔk 0 Attributions
  • vadVquickly, in such quick succession
   yù OC: ɢʷɯd MC: ɦʷit 0 Attributions
  • virace along??
   huò OC: qhʷaaɡ MC: hɑk 0 Attributions
       shèng OC: qhljeŋs MC: ɕiɛŋ 0 Attributions
    • nadVat supreme speed
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • VPibe quick to emerge, to change and to disappear; be ephemeral
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • NPabquick and urgent musical mode; prestissimo

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: