ENDURE  受得了

SUFFER DISTRESS AND NOT OPPOSE it.
UNDERGOGO THROUGHLIVE THROUGHEXPERIENCEMEETENCOUNTERCOPE WITHDEAL WITHFACESUFFERTOLERATEPUT UP WITHBRAVEBEARWITHSTANDSUSTAINWEATHER
Taxonoymy

TOLERANCE

Antonymy

AVOID

See also

ENDURINGPERSIST

Kind Of

SUFFER

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word is kān 堪 which refers to the ability to sustain negative experiences as well as to undertake demanding and/or dangerous tasks, and the word is especially frequent in negated form 不堪 "cannot endure; cannot manage to".

2. Rěn 忍 refers to any callous ability to bear with something that is objectionable without interfering to stop it.

3. Zhī 支 is occasionally used in the sense of "endure" and emphasises the strength needed to live with what one bears with.

4. Rén 任 is not limited to putting up with undesirable conditions, it focusses on the the general ability to live gracefully burdens one is having to bear.

5. Néng 能 is occasionally used as an ordinary transitive verb meaning "be able to put up with (climatic conditions and the like)".

Modern Chinese Criteria

忍耐

忍受

容忍

隱忍

飲恨 (lit) refers to enduring something and then nursing an unarticulated grievance about it.

飲恨吞聲

忍氣吞聲

唾面自乾 (prov) refers vividly to suffering insult without showing any hostile reaction.

逆來順受 (prov) refers to suffering an insult without showing any hostile reaction.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 86

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 976

能,耐

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 62
  • vt+V[0] : 18
  • vtoNPab{S} : 5
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • VPadV : 3
  • vt[oN] : 3
  • nab : 2
  • vtoV : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • vt(+V[0]) : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 21
  • 韓非子 : 13
  • 楚辭 : 7
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 管子 : 6
  • 鹽鐵論 : 5
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 史記 : 4
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 4
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 論語 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   rěn OC: njinʔ MC: ȵin 63 Attributions

Rěn 忍 refers to any callous ability to bear with something that is objectionable without interfering to stop it.

  • nabpsychthe virtue of endurance
  • vt(+V[0])be able to bear to V
  • vt(oN)endure the contextually determinate act or situation
  • vt[oN]be patient; be able to put up with things
  • vt[oN]psychbe able to bear injustice
  • vt+prep+Nbe unable to bear N
  • vt+V[0]bear to V, endure V-ing
  • vtoNbe able to endure or sustain (pain, adversity); put up with (objectionable persons)
  • vtoNcausativecause to become callous
  • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to endure> steel oneself
  • vtoNpassivebe borne with
  • vtoNPab{S}e.g. 不忍其然 "could not bear tht this was so": bear with the fact, that
   kān OC: khluum MC: khəm 26 Attributions

The general word is kān 堪 which refers to the ability to sustain negative experiences as well as to undertake demanding and/or dangerous tasks, and the word is especially frequent in negated form 不堪"cannot endure; cannot manage to".

  • vtoNbe able to sustain (hardship and trouble); endure bear with, put up with
   zhī OC: kje MC: tɕiɛ 3 Attributions

Zhī 支 is occasionally used in the sense of "endure" and emphasises the strength needed to live with what one bears with.

  • vtoNbe able to bear with, be able to stand; be able to put up effective resistence
無不   wú bù OC: ma pɯʔ MC: mi̯o pi̯ut 3 Attributions
  • VPadVin every way
   néng OC: nɯɯŋ MC: nəŋ 2 Attributions

Néng 能 is occasionally used as an ordinary transitive verb meaning "be able to put up with (climatic conditions and the like)".

  • vtoNbe able to tolerate, be able to sustain, be able to live in SUWEN能冬不能夏; HANSHU 中國之人不能其水土也
  • vt+V[0]be willing to V, accept V-ing
   rén OC: njɯm MC: ȵim 1 Attribution

Rén 任 is not limited to putting up with undesirable conditions, it focusses on the the general ability to live gracefully burdens one is having to bear.

  • vtoNhave the heart to live with, be able to bear ZUO Cheng 3.4 臣不任受怨,君亦不任受德。
忍受   rěn shòu OC: njinʔ djuʔ MC: ȵin dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)endure the contextually determinate N
   kě OC: khlaalʔ MC: khɑ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNendure, bear with; brook
  • vtoVcan bear to V
   hán OC: ɡlɯɯm MC: ɦəm 0 Attributions
  • vtoNsustain, endure
   nài OC: nɯɯs MC: nəi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpost-Han: be able to put up with
不終   bù zhōng OC: pɯʔ tjuŋ MC: pi̯ut tɕuŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPadVnot ending > without end, infinitely, eternally, endlessly
   shòu OC: djuʔ MC: dʑɨu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNLate: bear with, put up with
   yǐn OC: qrɯmʔ MC: ʔim 0 Attributions
  • vtoNput up with without reacting as one naturally might, "swallow back"

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: