ANSWER  回答對/答

ADDRESS someone who has ADDRESSED one REQUESTING such an ADDRESS as a REACTION.
REPLYRESPONDMAKE A REJOINDERREJOINRETORTRIPOSTERETURN
Antonymy

ASK

Kind Of

ADDRESS

Old Chinese Criteria

[ASCENDING/HORIZONTAL/DESCENDING]

[COMMON/RARE]

[FAST/SLOW]

1. The dominant general word for responding to something that has been addressed to one is duì 對 (converse wèi 謂 "address"), but that word usually refers to a reply directed at a superior who has put a question or occasionally a response to a statement by a superior.

[ASCENDING], [GENERAL]

2. Dá 答 (ant. jīn 吟 ( 口字旁加金字 ) 而不答 "not answer") refers to an immediate unpremeditated reply.

[ASCENDING], [FAST]

3. Yìng 應 (ant. 喑 "keep quiet") is to come up with an immediate reaction of which the linguistic reply is a central part.

[FAST]; [[RARE]]

4. Chóu 酬 can occasionally refer to a polite formal reply.

[FORMAL], [POLITE]; [[RARE]]

Modern Chinese Criteria

回答 is the most general word referring to an anwer.

回覆 is a more formal word referring to a response of a written or a spoken kind.

對答 refers more dramatically to an oral respons.

答應 refers to a typically spontanous quick response.

答腔 (lit) refers to raising one's voice to make an answer in public.

應答 refers to a typically spontanous quick response.

答覆 refers (mostly nominally) to a formal response.

答話 refers to the content of an oral response.

回話 refers to the content of an oral response.

答對 refers in a formal way to what typically is an administrative response.

應對 refers in a formal way to what typically is a fairly quick??? administrative response.

酬對 refers in a literary way to an elevated response of some sort.

酬答 refers in a literary way to an elevated typically oral response.

Literary style monosyllabic words include:

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 136

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 214

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.220.182

REPONSE.REPLIQUE.REPARTIE

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 76B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vt(oN.)+V : 44
  • VPtoS : 33
  • vt(oN) : 19
  • vtoN : 19
  • VPtt(oN.)+S : 12
  • nab : 10
  • vtoN. VtoS : 6
  • VPt(oN) : 5
  • VPi : 3
  • vadV : 3
  • vttoN.+S : 3
  • vtoN.-Vt{以} N : 2
  • vt(oN)+VtoS : 2
  • vtoS : 2
  • VPtoN.+VtoS : 1
  • VPt(oN.)+VtoS : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • VPt(+N.)adV : 1
  • DELETE : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 1
  • VPtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 賢愚經 : 29
  • 韓非子 : 28
  • 說苑 : 26
  • 論語 : 17
  • 孟子 : 10
  • 百喻經 : 10
  • 祖堂集 : 10
  • 禮記 : 9
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 晏子春秋 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 新序 : 1

Words

   duì OC: k-luubs MC: tuo̝i 63 Attributions

The dominant general word for responding to something that has been addressed to one is duì 對(converse wèi 謂 "address"), but that word usually refers to a reply directed at a superior who has put a question or occasionally a response to a statement by a superior. [ASCENDING], [GENERAL]

  • nabacta reply; something to say in reply
  • vt(oN.)+Vrespond politely to what has been said; reply politely (typically to a superior)
  • vt(oN.)+Vamong equalsanswer to an equal!!!
  • vt(oN.)+VS=commentcomment politely towards a contextually determinate person on (something that has been said)
  • vt(oN)reply (politely), make a polite reply to a contextually determinate person; give a required reply (not necessarily to a superior)
  • vtoNrespond to N
  • DELETEreply (with sentential object)
  • vttoN1.+N2answer using the utterance N2 in reply to N1 對三公一言
  • vtoNpositiveanswer
  • vtoN Vrespond politely to somebody saying
對曰   duì yuē OC: k-luubs ɢʷad MC: tuo̝i ɦi̯ɐt 26 Attributions
  • VPtoSquotationanswer politely
答 / 荅   dá OC: k-luub MC: təp dá OC: k-loob MC: təp 21 Attributions

Dá 答 (ant. jīn 吟 (口字旁加金字)而不答 "not answer") refers to an immediate unpremeditated reply. [ASCENDING], [FAST] Dá 答 (ant. jīn 吟 (口字旁加金字)而不答 "not answer") refers to an immediate unpremeditated reply. [ASCENDING], [FAST]

  • vt(oN)give an immediate (typically frank) reply to (in speech or in writing); respond spontaneously to
  • vt(oN.)+Vreplying immediately to this (said...); replied as follows
  • vadVin immediate response to a similar action 答拜 "bow in response to a bow"
  • vtoNobject=questionreply to (a question)
  • vttoN.+Sanswer N (saying) S
  • vtoN.+Vanswer N saying...
  • vtoSanswer: "....
   yìng OC: qɯŋs MC: ʔɨŋ 20 Attributions

Yìng 應 (ant. 喑 "keep quiet") is to come up with an immediate reaction of which the linguistic reply is a central part. [FAST]; [[RARE]]

  • vt(oN)respond (immediately) to the contextually determinate person N
  • vtoN. VtoSanswer (saying...) 應之曰
  • vtoNrespond immediately (in speech) to 應之; respond intellectually (to something challenging that has been said)
  • vtoSrespond: S; respond that S
  • vt(oN)+VtoSanswer to the contextually determinate person, saying:
答言   dá yán OC: k-luub ŋan MC: təp ŋi̯ɐn 13 Attributions
  • NPabactreply
  • VPtt(oN.)+Sanswer the contextually determinate N: "S" (short for 答之言)
祗對   zhī duì OC: tjil k-luubs MC: tɕi tuo̝i 4 Attributions
  • VPiactto answer, give an answer
  • VPt(oN)omanswer (a contextually determinate N)
答曰   dá yuē OC: k-luub ɢʷad MC: təp ɦi̯ɐt 4 Attributions
  • VPtoSquotationanswer
   bào OC: puuɡs MC: pɑu 2 Attributions
  • vtoNreply
  • vtoN.+VtoSanswer N, saying...
   chóu OC: ɡju MC: dʑɨu 2 Attributions
  • vtoNanswer
報言   bào yán OC: puuɡs ŋan MC: pɑu ŋi̯ɐn 2 Attributions
  • VPtoSquotationanswer: S
復報   fù bào OC: buɡs puuɡs MC: bɨu pɑu 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN.)+VtoSreply to the contextually determinate audience saying
  • VPtoN.+VtoSreply to N (saying)
應對   yìng duì OC: qɯŋs k-luubs MC: ʔɨŋ tuo̝i 2 Attributions
  • NPabactrepartee
  • VPimake an immediate answer, answer quickly
祇對   qí duì OC: ɡe k-luubs MC: giɛ tuo̝i 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)answer, reply to (somebody contextually determinate)
  • VPtoNanswer, reply to
   fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)COME BACK> reply
   fù OC: buɡ MC: buk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmake a reply to
   chóu OC: ɡju MC: dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNrare: reply to
報曰   bào yuē OC: puuɡs ɢʷad MC: pɑu ɦi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoSquotationanswer (one might insist that there is always an understood audience present)
復語   fù yù OC: buɡs ŋas MC: bɨu ŋi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(+N.)adVanswer
應和   yìng hé OC: qɯŋs ɡool MC: ʔɨŋ ɦʷɑ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)give an answer to the contextually determinate N
   gào MC: kawH OC: kuuɡs 1 Attribution
  • vtoN.-Vt{以} Nanswer in terms of
   chóu OC: ɡju MC: dʑɨu 0 Attributions

Chóu 酬 can occasionally refer to a polite formal reply in the form of a little speech. [FORMAL], [POLITE]; [[RARE]]

  • vtoNoccasionally in derived meaning: respond formally (as to a toast)
專對   zhuān duì OC: tjon k-luubs MC: tɕiɛn tuo̝i 0 Attributions
  • NPabactanswering independently; answering on the basis of one's own independent insight 《漢書‧王吉傳》:“光祿勳 匡衡 亦舉 駿 有專對材。”
  • NPadNof responding on the basis of one's own insight LY
對言   duì yán OC: k-luubs ŋan MC: tuo̝i ŋi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • VPtoSquotationanswer
   cí OC: zɯ MC: zɨ 0 Attributions
  • nabtextwritten reply

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: