RESEMBLE  相似

SAME in SOME FEATURES WHEREAS DIFFERENT in OTHER FEATURES.
SIMILARALIKE(MUCH) THE SAMEINDISTINGUISHABLEALMOST IDENTICALHOMOGENEOUSHOMOLOGOUSLOOK LIKEBE SIMILAR TOBE LIKEBEAR A RESEMBLANCE TOREMIND ONE OFTAKE AFTERFAVORHAVE THE LOOK OFAPPROXIMATE TOSMACK OFHAVE (ALL) THE HALLMARKS OFCORRESPOND TOECHOMIRRORPARALLELARCHAIC BEAR SEMBLANCE TOSIMILARITYLIKENESSSIMILITUDECORRESPONDENCECONGRUITYCONGRUENCECOINCIDENCECONFORMITYAGREEMENTEQUIVALENCECOMPARABILITYPARALLELISMUNIFORMITYSAMENESS.RESEMLANCE
Hypernym

SAMERELATION of NOT being DIFFERENT. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

SEEMBE in APPEARANCE ONLY.SEEMBE in APPEARANCE ONLY.CONFORMACT so as to NOT to OFFEND against RULES OR a MODEL.

Hyponym
  • SUCH RESEMBLING a CERTAIN CATEGORY.
    • PARALLEL RESEMBLING an OTHER EXPRESSION IN STRUCTURE AND/OR MEANING.
      Old Chinese Criteria

      1. The general, almost copula-like word for resemblance of any kind is yóu 猶 (ant.* yì 異 "be different"), and this word can refer specifically to one item being "no better than" another.

      2. Rú 如 is often asymmetrical "be as good as> resemble" often adds to the notion of resemblance that of equipollence. [ 不如 always: "be not as good as"]

      3. Ruò 若 typically expresses a symmetrical relation of things that are similar to each other. [ 不若 sometimes: "not resemble".]

      4. Sì 似 and the later and rarer xiàng 像 are ungrammaticalised full verbs meaning typically "to resemble in appearance only".

      5. Lèi 類 (ant. yì 異 "be different in kind") is originally and prototypically "be of the same kind or category", but comes to mean more generally "be of similar appearance".

      Modern Chinese Criteria

      相似 is the current modern word for resemblance.

      似的 shìde is a grammaticalised form referring to resemblance.

      相像 (lit) is a less common and more literary word for resemlance.

      形似 (lit) focusses on resemblance of external form.

      貌似 (lit) focusses on resemblance of appearance.

      跟... 一般 focusses on sameness of category.

      近似 focusses on closeness of similarity.

      相近 refers to similarity figuratively, as mutual closeness.

      切近 refers figuratively to close similarity, as closeness.

      近乎 refers to similarity figuratively as closeness to something.

      接近 refers to similarity figuratively as closely linked closeness to something.

      近於 refers to similarity figuratively as closeness to something.

      相仿 refers to approximative similarity.

      類似 refers to categorial similarity.

      類乎 (lit) refers to being similar on grounds of belonging to the same category.

      八九不離十 (prov) refers to overwhelming similarity or near-identity.

      近似

      如同

      猶如

      好像

      好比

      差不多

      差不離兒

      不相上下

      相近

      類 (cl)

      似 (cl)

      rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

      Old Chinese Contrasts

      如 x can work many ways:

      祭如神在

      視民如子

      愛如父 would be ambiguous: 1. love like a father does (a child); 2. love like (a child) does a father.

      如故 "as before"

      • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 615; 807

      • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 12.92

      • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 461

        ANALOGIA Ideatorum plurium ad suam ideam congruentia. Analogia ergo dicit

        1. Ideam qvandam.

        2. Ideata plura.

        3. Congruentiam debitam inter ea.

        Ax. 1. Analogia est clavis totius humane et divinae sapientiae, reserans (open up) intellectum in omes Artes, Lingvas, Verbaque et Opera Dei et Hominum.

      • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

        RESEMBLE

        pariter "to the same degree"

        aequaliter "in the same manner"

        par is alike.

        paralis is almost alike.

        similis is just similar.

        par is alike and construes similarity from one angle only, from the angle of one of the things compared.

        compar is mutually alike.

      • Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques ( DUFOUR 1910) p. 75

      • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 113

      • Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache ( MAUTHNER WP 1924) p. I.19

        AFFINITAET

      • Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache ( MAUTHNER WP 1924) p. I.21

      • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 1.114

      • Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik ( SCHMIDT 1889) p. 105

      • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 50

      • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 172

      • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 2.15:14

        RESSEMBLANCE.CONFORMITE

      • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 444

      • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 188A

        AEHNLICHKEIT

      Attributions by syntactic funtion

      • vtoN : 97
      • VPi : 37
      • VPtoN : 32
      • vi{=vt+npro} : 27
      • VPadN : 26
      • vt[0]oN.postadV : 23
      • VPadV : 22
      • vtoS : 18
      • vtoN1.postadVtoN2 : 17
      • VPi(0).postS : 10
      • VPpostadV : 10
      • VPt+prep+N : 10
      • vtoNPab{S} : 9
      • npro : 7
      • vt(oNpro) : 5
      • npro.adN : 5
      • NPab : 5
      • vtoS.postadV : 5
      • vt+prep+N : 4
      • vtoN.adV : 4
      • vtonpro.+NPab{S} : 4
      • vadV : 4
      • VPt(0)oSS : 4
      • vt0oN.postV : 3
      • vto.N1(adN2) : 3
      • VPtoS : 3
      • nab : 3
      • VPi.red : 3
      • VPadS1.postS2 : 3
      • vt+V[0] : 3
      • npro.adNab : 3
      • VPt+V[0] : 2
      • vtoV : 2
      • VPi2 : 2
      • vt+N.postadV : 2
      • VPpostNab{ACT} : 2
      • vt.post-VtoN : 2
      • VPt[0]+N : 2
      • VPtoS1.postS2 : 2
      • VPpostS1.adS2 : 2
      • vi(0)post-.VtoN : 2
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 2
      • VPt+N.postadV : 2
      • vt0onpro.adS : 2
      • vtoNab : 1
      • vi.postS{SUBJ} : 1
      • VP NPab{S}{SUBJECT} : 1
      • vtoN1.postadN2 : 1
      • npost-N : 1
      • v[adN] : 1
      • VPadS : 1
      • VPi+N{SUBJ} : 1
      • vttoN1.+N2 : 1
      • VPt+N.postS : 1
      • vt+V1.postadV2 : 1
      • vtoN1.adN2 : 1
      • npro+V{PRED}.postN{SUBJ} : 1
      • NPpro.adN : 1
      • vt[0]oN1.postadN2 : 1
      • NP : 1
      • vpostadN : 1
      • VPtpostadS : 1
      • npro.adV : 1
      • vtoNPab{S}.postV : 1
      • PP : 1

      Attributions by text

      • 祖堂集 : 55
      • 孟子 : 54
      • 百喻經 : 42
      • 賢愚經 : 41
      • 說苑 : 38
      • 荀子 : 28
      • 呂氏春秋 : 23
      • 莊子 : 15
      • 陸機集十一卷 : 15
      • 論衡 : 15
      • 臨濟錄 : 15
      • 法句經 : 9
      • 法言 : 8
      • 妙法蓮華經 : 8
      • 管子 : 8
      • 墨子 : 7
      • 韓詩外傳 : 7
      • 禮記 : 6
      • 列子 : 4
      • 孝經 : 4
      • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
      • 史記 : 4
      • 鹽鐵論 : 4
      • 春秋穀梁傳 : 4
      • 公孫龍子 : 3
      • 戰國策 : 3
      • 法集要頌經 : 3
      • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 3
      • 六祖壇經 : 3
      • 申鑒 : 2
      • 天中記 : 2
      • 老子 : 2
      • 毛詩 : 2
      • 景德傳燈錄 : 1
      • 韓非子 : 1
      • 晏子春秋 : 1
      • 山海經 : 1
      • 太平經 : 1
      • 全上古三代秦漢三國六朝文(全晉文) : 1
      • 淮南子 : 1
      • 黃帝內經 : 1
      • 鶡冠子 : 1
      • 楚辭 : 1
      • 五行 : 1
      • 文子 : 1
      • 劉義慶世說新語 : 1
      • 周易 : 1
      • : 1

      Words

         rú OC: nja MC: ȵi̯ɤ 68 Attributions

      Rú 如 is often asymmetrical "be as good as> resemble" often adds to the notion of resemblance that of equipollence. [不如 always: "be not as good as"]

      • vt[0]oN.postadV堅如石 resemble an N in Vi-ing
      • vt[0]oN1.postadN2N1 compared to subject of VtoN2蓋之如天 resemble an N in Vt-ing: to Vt the object like the like the object of Vt1.
      • vt+V1.postadV2V1 the same way as V2好德如好色 in the same way as
      • vt0oN.postVmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
      • vt0onpro.adS如此則動心否乎?if (circumstances, things) are like npro, then S
      • vtoN.adV如齊慶封弒其君 like
      • vtoN聲亦如味 be like, look like, act like (what) 何如
      • vtoNsubjective於我如浮雲 be like, amount to
      • vtoN1.postadVtoN2N1 compared to N2養民如子 like (comparison being with the V-ing of N2, the object of the preceding transitive verb with the V-ing of N1) 
      • vtoNPab{S}如日月之食焉 resemble a fact, situation or action expressed by a nominalised sentence
      • vtonpro.+NPab{S}如此其VERB
      • vtoS如土委地 resemble a fact, situation or action expressed by a sentence
      • vtoS1.postS2{SUBJ}S1 like S2
      • vt+N.postadV如初, 如故 like (before)
      • vtoN1.postadN2有雲如眾赤鳥 being like N2
      • vtoNbe like that of魯德如邾 be like that of
      • npost-V{NUM}.postadN(then) one might as well
      • vt+V[0]subjectivefeel as if
      • vtoNoptativemay it be like N 亦如之
      • vtoNresemble the conditions under N, be like the situation when N prevails
      • vtoNactact like this
      • vtoN1[.adN2]something like N1, anything like N1
      • vtoSfigurativeit is as if S
         ruò OC: njaɡ MC: ȵi̯ɐk 58 Attributions

      Ruò 若 typically expresses a symmetrical relation of things that are similar to each other. [不若sometimes: "not resemble".]

      • vadV若易 seeming to
      • vt[0]oN.postadVobjectlike
      • vt[0]oN.postadVsubject(V) like the subject N
      • vt[0]oN.postadVlike N
      • vtoN.adVlike; to the extend of (something)
      • vtoN若垂天之雲 "be like clouds hanging from the sky": be like, resemble
      • vtoNreflexive.自resemble (oneself)> be the same as before
      • vtoN1.adN2resembling 若此人
      • vtoNPab{S}.postVhe VERBed as if Sn
      • vtoNPab{S}it is as if S
      • vtoS.postadVhe VERBed as if S
      • vtoSit is as if S; as when
      • vtoV1.postadV2to V2 in the way one is V1-ing> like, just as
      • vto.N1(adN2)be like N1's contextually determinate feature N2
      如是   rú shì OC: nja ɡljeʔ MC: ȵi̯ɤ dʑiɛ 41 Attributions
      • NPabstativethis kind of situation; this kind of state
      • NPabtextwhat is as followes> the following text
      • VPadNsuch a, this kind of
      • VPadSAnd in this way...
      • VPadS1.postS2such being the case (as defined in S2), S1; in this way S
      • VPadVto this extent, in this way
      • VPadVcataphoricas follows 如是我聞
      • VPi.redintensitiveREDUP: Indeed, it is like this! That's how it is!
      • VPi+N{SUBJ}the N is like this
      • VPibe like this, be such; be in such a state
      • VPpostadNsuch a
      • VPpostadVV like this
      • VPpostadVcataphoricas follows
         sì OC: sɢlɯʔ MC: zɨ 34 Attributions

      Sì 似 and the later and rarer xiàng 像 are ungrammaticalised full verbs meaning typically "to resemble in appearance only".

      • nabfeaturesimilarity 有似於
      • npost-Nwhat resembles N, the likes of N
      • vadNsimilar
      • vt(oN)resemble something contextually determinate
      • vt[0]oN.postadVlike; as if
      • vt+prep+Nresemble
      • vt+V1.postV2V2 as if V1-ing
      • vtoN.adVlike
      • vtoNactbehave like, act like; resemble[be simliar in one's actions and achievements]
      • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
      • vtoNstativelook like; be similar in appearance
      • v[adN]similar things
      • vtoNabrelationalresemble
      猶 / 由   yóu OC: k-lu MC: jɨu yóu OC: liw MC: jɨu 29 Attributions

      The general, almost copula-like word for resemblance of any kind is yóu 猶 (ant.* yì 異 "be different"), and this word can refer specifically to one item being "no better than" another. The general, almost copula-like word for resemblance of any kind is yóu 猶 (ant.* yì 異 "be different"), and this word can refer specifically to one item being "no better than" another.

      • vtoNcopulacopula-like verb: be like; be no better than
      • vtoScopulabe just like S (comparing of two facts)
      • vt0oN.postVcopula(to V) just like (something or somebody else)
      • vtoNPab{S}copulabe just like S (comparing of two facts)
      • vt+V1.postV2(The SUBJECT V2-s) as if it V1-ed
      • vt+V[0]copulabe like V-ing; be as if V-ing
      • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
      • vtoNabN=actbe like
      • vtoNstativebe similar to
      • vtoVabstractbe like V-ing
      • vtoNderived聖人之於百姓也其猶赤子 "the relation of the sage to the people should be like the relation to small babies": be like the relation to
      如此   rú cǐ OC: nja tsheʔ MC: ȵi̯ɤ tshiɛ 21 Attributions
      • VPadNsuch; related (matters etc)
      • VPiactact like this> do such a thing, act thus
      • VPpostadVlike this 醉如此
         rán OC: njen MC: ȵiɛn 20 Attributions
      • vi(0)post-.VtoNas in 若天地然
      • vi{=vt+npro}to be so, to be like this, to be such (stands for verbal predicate)
      • vtoNcausativecause to be so
      • vtoNreflexive.自cause oneself to be so
      • vi{=vt+npro}actbe like this> be the case
      • vt(oN)causativecause contextually determinate object to be so
      • vi.postS{SUBJ}be like this situation/case> be like the case of S
      • vt(oNpro)be like the contextually determinate Npro
         ěr OC: mljelʔ MC: ȵiɛ 19 Attributions
      • vadVso, to such an extent; like this
      • vi{=vt+npro}to be like this, to be such (stands for verbal predicate) cf. 然
      • viactget this to work; get things to be like this
      猶如   yóu rú OC: k-lu nja MC: jɨu ȵi̯ɤ 17 Attributions
      • VPt+N.postadVreference=objectlike (comparing the object)
      • VPtoNresemble; be like
      與摩 / 與   yǔ mó OC: k-laʔ maal MC: ji̯ɤ mʷɑ yǔ OC: k-laʔ MC: ji̯ɤ 16 Attributions
      • VPadNcolloquialsuch a; this kind of [
      • VPadVcolloquialin such a way, like this, in this manner
      • VPicolloquialto be so, to be like this, to be such (stands for verbal predicate)
      • VPpostS1.adS2conditionalif it is like this (as defined in S1) (then) S2
         sī OC: sqe MC: siɛ 10 Attributions
      • npro.adNsuch a
      • npro.adNabsuch an Nab
      • npro+V{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}of the N such
      • nprosuch a person; such things 斯之功
      • nproabstractsuch an (abstract) thing
      • npro.adVlike this
      有似   yǒu sì OC: ɢʷɯʔ sɢlɯʔ MC: ɦɨu zɨ 10 Attributions
      • VPt+prep+Nstativehave a similarity to (perhaps for 有所似於)
      若是   ruò shì OC: njaɡ ɡljeʔ MC: ȵi̯ɐk dʑiɛ 8 Attributions
      • VPpostadVlike this
      • VP NPab{S}{SUBJECT}the S was like this
      • VPibe like this
      譬如   pì rú OC: pheɡs nja MC: phiɛ ȵi̯ɤ 8 Attributions

      when one compares [it] [it] is like N

      • VPt(0)oSSTake for example the situation elaborated in the paragraph SS; It is like the situation SS [One could read this as VPt[0]oSS, taking the comparer to be lexically determinate: "one".]
      • VPtoNmay be properly compared with (typically with understood subject)
      • VPtoSmay be properly compared with S
         tóng OC: looŋ MC: duŋ 7 Attributions
      • vadVsimilarly
      • vt.post-VtoNbe the same
      • vt+prep+Nbear a resemblance to
      • vtoNstativeit is like N-ing
      • vtoNresemble with respect to N
      • vtoNbe reminiscent of
         cǐ OC: tsheʔ MC: tshiɛ 6 Attributions
      • npro.adNgeneralthis type of (month, i.e. a February)
      • nprohumansuch a person
      • npro.adVlike this 庾信:天何為此醉 "Why is Heaven drunk like this?"
         bǐ OC: piʔ MC: pi 6 Attributions
      • vtoNcopulabe like, be along the same lines as
      • vttoN1.+N2causativecause (oneself) to resemble a man of superior character
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2to be just like (something), succeed in reaching a standard (of something)
      相似   xiāng sì OC: sqaŋ sɢlɯʔ MC: si̯ɐŋ zɨ 6 Attributions
      • NPabresemblance, likeness, similarity
      • VPadNonly apparent (and not real) 相似覺 "only apparent enlightenment"
      • VPtoNresemble 與x相似
      • VPtpostadSCHECK construction?? resemble S; be like S (如。。。相似)
      • VPi2be similar
      乃爾   nǎi ěr OC: nɯɯʔ mljelʔ MC: nəi ȵiɛ 5 Attributions
      • VPibe like this
      • VPpostadVlike this
      喻如   yù rú OC: los nja MC: ji̯o ȵi̯ɤ 5 Attributions
      • VPt+N.postSS is comparable to N
      • VPtoNbe comparable to (> resemble)
      • VPtoS1.postS2S2 is comparable to S1
         lèi OC: ruds MC: li 4 Attributions

      Lèi 類 (ant. yì 異 "be different in kind") is originally and prototypically "be of the same kind or category", but comes to mean more generally "be of similar appearance".

      • vadVsometimes grammaticalised: as if
      • vt(oN)be similar to the contextually determinate thing
      • vt[oN]resemble; be similar
      • vtoNoften abstract and technical vt: be similar in basic kind; resemble
      • vtoNimperativebecome like N!
      • v[adN]similar person
      • vt+prep+Nbe silimar to N, be of the same kind as N
      何如   hé rú OC: ɡlaal nja MC: ɦɑ ȵi̯ɤ 4 Attributions
      • VPiquestionHow about?
      • VPi(0).postSWhat would S resemble> how about the situation if S?
      • VPpostNab{ACT}What is the act of Nab-ing like> How about the act of Nab-ing?
      譬猶   pì yóu OC: pheɡs k-lu MC: phiɛ jɨu 4 Attributions
      • VPtoNmay be properly compared with
      • VPtoSIt is like S
      若是其   ruò shì qí OC: njaɡ ɡljeʔ ɡɯ MC: ȵi̯ɐk dʑiɛ gɨ 4 Attributions
      • VPadVlike this, as V as this
         yóu OC: liw MC: jɨu 3 Attributions
      • vt+V[0]copulabe like V; be essentially the same as V; be not better or more difficult than V
      • vtoNPab{S}copulabe like, be just like (of two facts) for 猶
      • vtoScopulabe like S (where S is not nominalised), be just like (of two facts) for 猶
         pì OC: pheɡs MC: phiɛ 3 Attributions
      • vt+prep+Nresemble
      • vtoNbe comparable to
         xiàng OC: sɢlaŋʔ MC: zi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions

      Sì 似 and the later and rarer xiàng 像 are ungrammaticalised full verbs meaning typically "to resemble in appearance only".

      • vtoNstativebe in accordance with (e.g. virtue); be on the model of
      • vtoN.adVV like an N
      如似   rú sì OC: nja sɢlɯʔ MC: ȵi̯ɤ zɨ 3 Attributions
      • VPtoNstativeresembe, be like
         pèi OC: phɯɯls MC: phuo̝i 2 Attributions
      • vtoNlive up to the standards of
      • vtoNstativeresemble
      只寧   zhǐ níng OC: kljeʔ neeŋ MC: tɕiɛ neŋ 2 Attributions
      • VPito be so, to be like this, to be such (stands for verbal predicate)
      只沒   zhǐ mò OC: kljeʔ mɯɯd MC: tɕiɛ muot 2 Attributions
      • VPadVcolloquiallike this, in this way (appears also in BIANWEN)
      如然   rú rán OC: nja njen MC: ȵi̯ɤ ȵiɛn 2 Attributions
      • VPitransitiveto be so, to be like this, to be such (stands for verbal predicate)
      如許   rú xǔ OC: nja hŋaʔ MC: ȵi̯ɤ hi̯ɤ 2 Attributions
      • VPadNsuch; such a kind of
      • VPadVso (many)
      恰似   qià sì OC: khroob sɢlɯʔ MC: khɣɛp zɨ 2 Attributions
      • VPt+V[0]be likely to V
      譬若   pì ruò OC: pheɡs njaɡ MC: phiɛ ȵi̯ɐk 2 Attributions
      • VPtoNmay be properly compared with
      譬諸   pì zhū OC: pheɡs klja MC: phiɛ tɕi̯ɤ 2 Attributions
      • VPi[0]ad.VtoN譬諸若
      • VPt[0]+N.adScompared to
      • VPt[0]+NstativeOne may compare the thing to N. It is like (often preceded by what we take to be a topic rather than a subject, which is picked up referentially by the 之 hidden in 諸)
         bìng OC: beeŋʔ MC: beŋ 1 Attribution
      • vt+prep+Nstativebe on a par with
      • vtoNbe on a par with
         qí OC: ɡɯ MC: gɨ 1 Attribution
      • npro.adNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
      • npro.adN"such an NP"
      • padVdegree"VP-Y to the VP-X extent"
         xiào OC: smews MC: siɛu 1 Attribution
      • vtoNchangebe up to the standards of
         xǔ OC: hŋaʔ MC: hi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
      • vpostadN-like, -size
      亦如   yì rú OC: k-laɡ nja MC: jiɛk ȵi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNbe just like N
      任摩   rèn mó OC: njɯms maal MC: ȵim mʷɑ 1 Attribution
      • VPicolloquialbe like this, be such, be the case
      作是   zuò shì OC: tsaaɡ ɡljeʔ MC: tsɑk dʑiɛ 1 Attribution
      • VPadVlike this [see KARASHIMA 2001, who argues that this frequent idiom looks as if it has be taken in many instances not as "make this..." but as "like this" (=如是).
      儔類   chóu lèi OC: du ruds MC: ɖɨu li 1 Attribution
      • NPsubjectthe like; the likes
      如其   rú qí OC: nja ɡɯ MC: ȵi̯ɤ gɨ 1 Attribution
      • PPdiscontinuous如X 其 Xwise; in the manner of X;
      形像   xíng xiàng OC: ɡeeŋ sɢlaŋʔ MC: ɦeŋ zi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
      • NPimage, representation
      • VPi2resemle each other 貌似
      是其   shì qí OC: ɡljeʔ ɡɯ MC: dʑiɛ gɨ 1 Attribution
      • NPpro.adNresembling> such
      欲似   yù sì OC: k-loɡ sɢlɯʔ MC: ji̯ok zɨ 1 Attribution
      • VPt+NPab{S}resemble S, be comparable to S (Tang period: WANGFANZHI, YOUXIANKU)
      • VPtoNresemble (Tang period: WANGFANZHI, YOUXIANKU)
      比並   bǐ bìng OC: piʔ beeŋʔ MC: pi beŋ 1 Attribution
      • NPabresemblance, common feature
      為如   wéi rú OC: ɢʷal nja MC: ɦiɛ ȵi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNresemble; be like
      猶若   yóu ruò OC: k-lu njaɡ MC: jɨu ȵi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNbe like, be like the case of
         jiē OC: kriid MC: kɣɛi 1 Attribution
      • vt.post-VtoNbe similar to N; be the same kind as N
      如此其   rú cǐ qí MC: nyo tshjeX gi OC: nja tsheʔ ɡɯ 1 Attribution
      • VPadVlike this, so much
      如彼   rú bǐ MC: nyo pjeX OC: nja pralʔ 1 Attribution
      • VPibe like that
         yǐ OC: k-lɯʔ MC: jɨ 0 Attributions
      • DELETEbehave like (a scoundrel etc)
         xiàng OC: sɢlaŋʔ MC: zi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNSHIJI be externally similar, be similar in appearance (as a shadow to the body of which it is the shadow
         jiù OC: dzuɡs MC: dzɨu 0 Attributions
      • vtpost-.VtoNbe close to in essence
         fù OC: buɡ MC: buk 0 Attributions
      • vtoNcorrespond to, resemble
         fāng OC: paŋ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • vt+prep+Nresemble
         jìn OC: ɡɯnʔ MC: gɨn 0 Attributions
      • vtoNfigurativebe figuratively close to> be closely similar to, be similar to
      劇如   jù rú OC: ɡlaɡ nja MC: gɣɛk ȵi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNbe very much like
      和合   hé hé OC: ɡool ɡloob MC: ɦʷɑ ɦəp 0 Attributions

      DELENDUM

        宜若   yí ruò OC: ŋɡral njaɡ MC: ŋiɛ ȵi̯ɐk 0 Attributions
        • vtoNMENG: be similar
        譬之如   pì zhī rú OC: pheɡs kljɯ nja MC: phiɛ tɕɨ ȵi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
        • VPtoNresemble, be like
           chéng OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ 0 Attributions
        • vtoNin medicine: amount to> resemble
           néng OC: nɯɯŋ MC: nəŋ 0 Attributions
        • vadVlike this, in this way (Yuan Drama)
           qí OC: dziil MC: dzei 0 Attributions
        • vtoNrelational
           yīn OC: qin MC: ʔin 0 Attributions
        • vtoNbe according to, resemble
           yún OC: ɢun MC: ɦi̯un 0 Attributions
        • vibe like this

        Existing SW for

        Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: