EQUAL  平等同/等

SAME in DISTRIBUTION, IMPORTANCE OR RIGHTS.
EQUALITYEVENLY MATCHEDEVENBALANCEDLEVELON A PARON AN EQUAL FOOTINGINFORMAL FIFTY-FIFTYNECK AND NECKFAIRNESSEQUAL RIGHTSEQUAL OPPORTUNITIESEQUITYEGALITARIANISMIMPARTIALITYEVENHANDEDNESSJUSTICEPARITYSIMILARITYCOMPARABILITYCORRESPONDENCELIKENESSRESEMBLANCEUNIFORMITYEVENNESSBALANCEEQUILIBRIUMCONSISTENCYHOMOGENEITYAGREEMENTCONGRUENCESYMMETRY
See also

CONFORM

Kind Of

SAME

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The dominant general word for something being equal to something else without being identical or the same is tóng 同 (ant. yì 異 "of different status").

2. Děng 等 refers to things being on the same physical level or exposed to the same physical conditions. Cf. 差等 "hierarchy".

3. Jūn 均 typically refers to an even, equable, and equal distribution of things.

4. O ㄆ偶 refers specifically to the situation where two things form a pair.

5. Dí 敵 refers to someone who is the equal of someone else in a contest, and in fact probably able to win against the other party. The term is thus someone marginal in the group.

6. Rú 如 refers to equalling something else as it were "from below", coming up to a something else in a certain sense.

Modern Chinese Criteria

等同

平衡

平均

同等

平等

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.91

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 455

see SAME

DOEDERLEIN 1826-32 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

AEQUALIS: qualitative similarity

PAR: similarity in size or status

COMPAR: close similarity in size or status

AEQUALITAS

AEQUABILITAS

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 136A, 186A

GLEICHHEIT

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 144A

GLEICHBERECHTIGUNG

KOSELLECK 1972-97 Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe 2.997-1046

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum 27

AEQUALITAS

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 333

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 2.351

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 3.672

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 346

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

aequus 'level, equal' [adj. old] (Andr.+; SCBac. aiquom, OLat. aecus)

Derivatives: adaeque [adv.] 'to the same extent' (P1.+); aequor, -oris [n.] 'level

surface, the sea' (Enn.+); aequare 'to make level, make even' (Varro+), aequalis

'equal, even' (P1.+), aequabilis 'equal, uniform' (Cato+), aequabilitas 'analogy,

equability' (Varro+), aequamen 'instrument used for levelling' (Varro); iniquus /

inicus 'unfair, unequal, uneven' (P1.+), iniquare 'to ruffle (the mind)' (Lab.).

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 95
  • vi : 24
  • vadN : 11
  • n : 7
  • vadV : 6
  • VPi : 5
  • nab : 4
  • vi2 : 4
  • NPab : 4
  • vtoNab : 2
  • VPadN : 2
  • VPadV : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • NP[adN] : 1
  • v[adN] : 1
  • vt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 1
  • vttoN1. prep N2 : 1
  • VPi2 : 1
  • vt Nab : 1
  • vi0 : 1
  • v[adN1.]post-N2 : 1
  • v[adN]{PRED} : 1
  • vtoN.adV : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • NP : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 29
  • 春秋左傳 : 24
  • 論語 : 14
  • 孟子 : 13
  • 荀子 : 11
  • 論衡 : 10
  • 莊子 : 10
  • 管子 : 9
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 百喻經 : 6
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 孝經 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 史記 : 3
  • 老子 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 三國志六十五卷附校記一卷 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   rú OC: nja MC: ȵi̯ɤ 29 Attributions

Rú 如 refers to equalling something else as it were "from below", coming up to a something else in a certain sense.

  • vtoN1.postadVtoN2do N2 just like N1
  • vt(oN)to equal, be a match for some contextually determinate person
  • vtoN.adVto VERB coming up to the standards (of somebody)
  • vtoNactlive up to (standards); be a match for; act on the model on
  • vtoNstativeresemble and come up to the standards of, be as good as; be to as high a degree as
   ruò OC: njaɡ MC: ȵi̯ɐk 22 Attributions
  • vt(oN)come up to a contextually determined level or standard
  • vtoNcome up to the standards of, be as good as
  • vtoNabbe as good as V-ing [The syntactic category is experimental...]
均 / 鈞   jūn OC: kʷlin MC: kʷin jūn OC: kʷlin MC: kʷin 21 Attributions

Jūn 均 typically refers to an even, equable, and equal distribution of things. Jūn 均 typically refers to an even, equable, and equal distribution of things.

  • vicontinuousmaintain egalitarian conditions, keep social equilibrium
  • vibe on a par; be equal; be equable
  • vtoNcausativelevel out
  • vadNequable, even-handed
  • vi0there is an equal distribution of goods
  • vtoNhave the same; are same regarding
  • nabmetaphysicalequality
  • vtoNattitudinaltreat equatably
  • vimathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • viactact equitably, be even-handed
  • v[adN]what or who is equal
   dí OC: ɡ-leeɡ MC: dek 15 Attributions

Dí 敵 refers to someone who is the equal of someone else in a contest, and in fact probably able to win against the other party. The term is thus someone marginal in the group.

  • nhumansomeone who is equal
  • viactbe up to one's task or one's opponent
  • vtoNresist as an enemy, equal as an opponent
  • vtoNstativebe the equal of in a contest, be a match for; stand up to
  • vtoNpassivebe taken on as an equal; be equalled
  • vt Nabbe equal with respect to Nab
   dāng OC: taaŋ MC: tɑŋ 15 Attributions
  • nan equal, a match
  • vtoNfit exactly; match (with somebody)
  • vtoNpassiveto be matched; be faced successfully
   gōng OC: klooŋ MC: kuŋ 12 Attributions
  • vadNcommon, shared
  • vadNimpartial, fair and egalitarian, unbiased, non-egoistic
  • vibe impartial, be fair and unbiased
平等   píng děng OC: breŋ k-lɯɯŋʔ MC: bɣaŋ təŋ 10 Attributions
  • NPabequality, (> fairness)
  • VPadNeven-handed, impartial
  • VPadVequally
  • VPiBUDDH: be equal; be equal for everybody > equal and fair; universal skr. sama; be fair-minded
   děng OC: k-lɯɯŋʔ MC: təŋ 9 Attributions

Děng 等 refers to things being on the same physical level or exposed to the same physical conditions.

  • vadVon a par, equally
  • vibe on a par, at the same level MO
  • vt1.postvt2+NN=objbe equal to N
   chǐ OC: khljɯʔ MC: tɕhɨ 7 Attributions
  • vtoNbe of equal status
   shuāng OC: srooŋ MC: ʂɣɔŋ 6 Attributions
  • nsubjectsomeone or something that is an equal, worthy competitor; peer
  • vihave an equal, have somebody who is comparable
   pǐ OC: phid MC: phit 5 Attributions
  • vi2(of several subejcts) be of equal status
  • v[adN1.]post-N2the equal of
  • v[adN]{PRED}be equals
   tóng OC: looŋ MC: duŋ 5 Attributions

The dominant general word is tóng 同 (ant. yì 異 "of different status").

  • nsubjectsomething what is common; common feature
  • nabmetaphysicalidentity, similarity
  • vadNequal
  • vadVequally, in the same way
  • vi2(of several subejcts) be equal, match each other
  • vtoNdeclarativedelare to be equal 同堅白
  • vtoNputativeconsider to be of equal importance> be indifferent to; take the same attitude to
   pèi MC: phwojH OC: phɯɯls 3 Attributions
  • vtoNto be on a par with, to match
貳 / 二   èr OC: njis MC: ȵi èr OC: njis MC: ȵi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNemulate, match
抗 / 亢   kàng OC: khaaŋs MC: khɑŋ kàng OC: khaaŋs MC: khɑŋ 2 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nbe the equal of
  • vadVas an equal; in a way that matches
   móu OC: mu MC: mɨu 2 Attributions
  • viK: alike, uniform
  • vtoNequal, be as good as
   pǔ OC: phaaʔ MC: phuo̝ 2 Attributions
  • vadVequally, evenly
  • viscattered > be equally distributed, be equal
   qí OC: dziil MC: dzei 2 Attributions
  • nabfeatureequality
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • vtoNputativeconsider as equal; consider to be of equal importance; make no difference between
  • vttoN1. prep N2causativecause N1 to be equal to that of N2
   ǒu OC: ŋooʔ MC: ŋu 1 Attribution

Ǒu 偶 refers specifically to the situation where two things form a pair.

  • vtoNbe on a par with; form a pair with
  • vtoNchangeplace oneself on a par with
   ǒu OC: ŋooʔ MC: ŋu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNstativebe the equal of, equal
倫匹   lún pǐ OC: ɡ-run phid MC: lʷin phit 1 Attribution
  • NPequal
充滿   chōng mǎn OC: thjuŋ mboonʔ MC: tɕhuŋ mʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNlive completely up to, be quite the equal to
平等意   píng děng yì OC: breŋ k-lɯɯŋʔ qɯɡs MC: bɣaŋ təŋ ʔɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychspiritual awareness of total equality of everything
   jí OC: ɡrɯb MC: gip 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbecome equal to in quality, reach the same level of achievements as
  • vtoNpassivebe equalled in excellence or achievement
   liǎng OC: raŋʔ MC: li̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vi2be equal 力不能兩 "the strength could not become equal"
同等   tóng děng MC: duwng tojX OC: looŋ k-lɯɯŋʔ 1 Attribution
  • NP[adN]person of equal rank
同位   tóng wèi MC: duwng hwijH OC: looŋ ɢrubs 1 Attribution
  • VPi2be equal
均權   jūn quán MC: kjwin gjwen OC: kʷlin ɡron 1 Attribution
  • VPadNequal in power or leverage
敵戰   dí zhàn MC: dek tsyenH OC: ɡ-leeɡ tjans 1 Attribution
  • VPadNmilitarily equal, equal in military conflicts
   cān  MC: tshom  OC: tshuum  1 Attribution
  • vtoNreach the same level
  • vt(oN1.)+prep+N2equal the contextually determinate N1 with N2
   wǔ OC: ŋaaʔ MC: ŋuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNequal (ZHUANG) ??
   chōng OC: thjuŋ MC: tɕhuŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbe quite up to, be up to the same standard as
   jiān OC: kleem MC: kem 0 Attributions
  • nabpsychuniversal-mindedness
  • vadNequality-minded; universal-minded in the Mohist sense
均平   jūn píng OC: kʷlin breŋ MC: kʷin bɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
等視   děng shì OC: k-lɯɯŋʔ ɡljilʔ MC: təŋ dʑi 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNputativeregard as equal
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NP[adN]person of equal rank
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPadNequal in power or leverage
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPadNmilitarily equal, equal in military conflicts

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: