REST  休息

STOP WORK.
RELAXTAKE A RESTEASE UP/OFFLET UPSLOW DOWNHAVE/TAKE A BREAKUNBENDUNWINDRECHARGE ONE'S BATTERIESBE AT LEISURETAKE IT EASYPUT ONE'S FEET UPLIE DOWNGO TO BEDHAVE/TAKE A NAPCATNAPDOZESLEEPINFORMAL TAKE FIVEHAVE/TAKE A BREATHERCATCH FORTY WINKSGET SOME SHUT-EYETAKE A LOAD OFFCHILLCHILL OUTCATCH SOME ZS
Antonym

ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision.

Hypernym

STOPACT so as NOT to CONTINUE NOW:present ACTION. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

LEISUREPEACEFUL BECAUSE one LACKS DUTY to WORK.PEACEFULDELIGHTFUL BECAUSE ORDERLY AND LACKING CHAOS.PLAYACT NOT SERIOUSLY so as to CAUSE ONESELF to BECOME DELIGHTED.

Hyponym
  • SLEEP REST INTENSELY so as to LACK AWARENESS.
    Old Chinese Criteria

    1. The current general word for resting is xí 息 (ant. zuò 作 "work").

    2. Xiū 休 (ant. láo 勞 "work hard") refers to brief break in a working process.

    3. Yàn 晏 (ant. qín 勤 "work assiduously") refers to relaxing at home.

    4. Qì 憩 (ant. xīn 辛 "work strenuously until exhaustion") is an elevated poetic word for resting.

    NB: Xiē 歇 is post-Han.

    Modern Chinese Criteria

    休息

    歇息

    喘息

    甦息

    停歇

    歇閑

    歇氣

    歇乏

    喘氣

    安息 "rest in peace'

    安眠 "sleep in peace"

    rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

    • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

      REQUIES

    • 現代漢語同義詞詞典 ( LIU SHUXIN 1987) p. 6

    Attributions by syntactic funtion

    • vi : 51
    • vtoN : 30
    • VPi : 9
    • nab : 7
    • vt prep N : 4
    • VPi0 : 3
    • vt+N : 2
    • NPab : 2
    • vt(oN) : 1

    Attributions by text

    • 論衡 : 12
    • 禮記 : 10
    • 呂氏春秋 : 9
    • 韓詩外傳 : 9
    • 說苑 : 6
    • 史記 : 6
    • 賢愚經 : 6
    • 毛詩 : 6
    • 管子 : 5
    • 戰國策 : 5
    • 荀子 : 4
    • 莊子 : 4
    • 孟子 : 4
    • 晏子春秋 : 3
    • 祖堂集 : 3
    • 文子 : 3
    • 列子 : 3
    • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
    • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 2
    • 楚辭 : 2
    • 百喻經 : 2
    • 景德傳燈錄 : 1
    • 法句經 : 1
    • 劉義慶世說新語 : 1

    Words

       qǐn OC: skhimʔ MC: tshim 55 Attributions
    • nabactresting; going to rest
    • viactlie in bed; stay in bed; keep in bed
    • viacttake a rest; go to rest; go to sleep
    • vt+prep+Nrest in (sleeping place etc)
    • vtoNbe in bed because of N; keep in bed with (a flue)
    • vtoNN=placerest onself on when going to sleep; to sleep on, sleep in (a place)
       xī OC: sqlɯɡ MC: sɨk 12 Attributions

    The current general word for resting is xí 息 (ant. zuò 作 "work").

    • vifind peace, find rest; get to rest
    • viactrest; stop for breath
    • vtoNrest on; rest in
    • vtoNcausativecause to rest, give rest to; reassure; give respite
    • vtoNcausativeto let (somebody) have a rest
    • vtoNcausativegive (oneself) rest
    • vttoN1.+prep+N2figurativerest N1 on N2
    • vt(oN)take a rest in the contextually determinate N
       xiū OC: qhu MC: hɨu 10 Attributions

    Xiū 休 (ant. láo 勞 "work hard") refers to brief break in a working process.

    • nabactstop, rest
    • viacttake a rest; rest at, put up at
    • viimperativerest!
    • vt+prep+Nrest at the place N
    • vtoNcausativeallow to rest (e.g. the army); give peace to
    • vtoNpermissiveallow oneself to rest
       zhǐ OC: kljɯʔ MC: tɕɨ 7 Attributions
    • nabfeaturestillness
    • viactbe at rest; take temporary abode; come to rest; be inactive, fail to engage in action
    • vt+Nrest in a place N; take one's temporary abode in
    • vt+prep+Nrest at N
    • vt prep Nfigurativerest in, reside in, be positioned in
    休息   xiū xī OC: qhu sqlɯɡ MC: hɨu sɨk 6 Attributions
    • NPabacta rest (referring to a concrete instance of resting)
    • VPiactcease and rest (SHIJI)
       wò OC: ŋʷaals MC: ŋʷɑ 4 Attributions
    • viactstay in bed (because of illness)
    • vtoNstay in bed because of (illness)
    暇 / 閑暇   xiá OC: ɡraas MC: ɦɣɛ xián xiá OC: ɢreen ɡraas MC: ɦɣɛn ɦɣɛ 3 Attributions
    • VPi0intensitivethere is leisure and rest (from various kind of disasters)
       jū OC: ka MC: ki̯ɤ 2 Attributions
    • vtoNrest (one's mind etc)
    • DELETEact
    • viactrest
       xiē OC: qhad MC: hi̯ɐt 1 Attribution

    NB: Xiē 歇 is post-Han.

    • viactrest
       zhì OC: tɯɡs MC: ʈɨ 1 Attribution
    • vihave a rest, be given a rest (of horses, presumably at a relay station)
        OC:  MC:  1 Attribution

    • viactarchaic and poetic: camp in the open among the grasses
    休歇   xiū xiē OC: qhu qhad MC: hɨu hi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
    • VPirest; take a rest; pause and relax
    住息   zhù xī OC: dos sqlɯɡ MC: ɖi̯o sɨk 1 Attribution
    • VPiactstop all activities, rest
    坐息   zuò xī OC: sɡoolʔ sqlɯɡ MC: dzʷɑ sɨk 1 Attribution
    • VPiactsit and rest
    寧處   níng chù OC: neeŋ qhljas MC: neŋ tɕhi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
    • NPabactrest from work;
    • VPiacttake a rest
    止臥   zhǐ wò OC: kljɯʔ ŋʷaals MC: tɕɨ ŋʷɑ 1 Attribution
    • VPiresultativerest and fall asleep
       shuì OC: lʰods MC: ɕiɛi 1 Attribution
    • viactSHI: rest
       bá MC: bat OC: -- 1 Attribution
    • vtoNtake shelter at
        OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
    • vito find rest; be at peace
       qì OC: khrads MC: khiɛi 0 Attributions
    • vito rest (SHI)
       qì OC: khrads MC: khiɛi 0 Attributions

    Qì 憩 (ant. xīn 辛 "work strenuously until exhaustion") is an elevated poetic word for resting.

    • viacttake a rest
       yàn OC: qraans MC: ʔɣan 0 Attributions

    Yàn 晏 (ant. qín 勤 "work assiduously") refers to relaxing at home.

    • vadNcalm (resting place)
    • viactrelax with feasting, relax
    安身   ān shēn OC: qaan qhjin MC: ʔɑn ɕin 0 Attributions
    • VPiactrest
    息心   xī xīn OC: sqlɯɡ slɯm MC: sɨk sim 0 Attributions
    • VPiactrelax; relent
    游息   yóu xī OC: lu sqlɯɡ MC: jɨu sɨk 0 Attributions
    • VPtoNrelax with N
       chǔ OC: khljaʔ MC: tɕhi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
    • viremain in a place to take a rest
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • VPiacttake time off to recuperate, rest
    寧居   níng jū MC: neng kjo OC: neeŋ ka 0 Attributions
    • VPiacttake time off to recuperate, rest

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: