DON'T  

COMMAND that one SHOULD NOT to ACT in a DEFINED way.
SHOULD NOTMUST NOT
See also

FORBID

Kind Of

COMMAND

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most common prohibitive particle is wù 勿, which usually precedes transitive verbs with omitted objects.

2. Wú 毋 is a prohibitive particle which normally requires that any transitive verb it precedes must retain its object.

3. Wú 無 appears often used for wú 毋, but there is a clear tendency for the word to indicate a generalised "one should not" rather than a "don't" hic et nunc.

Modern Chinese Criteria

不要

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH / LU JIANMING

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 83

1. WL fails to note the cases where the transitive verbs after 勿 do have objects, and the precise conditions under which the word is NOT a prohibitive negation.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vt[0]{NEG}+Vt(oN) : 45
  • vt[0]+V[0] : 17
  • vt{NEG}.+VtoN : 12
  • vt+Vt : 10
  • vt{NEG}+Vi : 6
  • vt(oV(0).)[postN{SUBJECT} : 3
  • vt[0]{NEG}(+V[0]) : 3
  • vt[0]{NEG}+.Vt[0](+V) : 3
  • VPt+V[0] : 2
  • VPtoV(0) : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1
  • padV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 33
  • 論語 : 12
  • 孟子 : 10
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 荀子 : 6
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 百喻經 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 法句經 : 3
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1

Words

   wù OC: mɯd MC: mi̯ut 53 Attributions

The most common prohibitive particle is wù 勿, which usually precedes transitive verbs with omitted objects.

  • vt[0]{NEG}+.Vt[0](+V)don't Vt1 to Vt2 the determinate object
  • vt[0]{NEG}+Vt(oN)don't (verb the object)
  • vt{NEG}.+VtoNobject=actiondon't 勿易之 "do not take this lightly"
   mò OC: maaɡ MC: mɑk 18 Attributions
  • vt[0]+V[0](one) should not ??? (Is this a possible analysis???? I am just wondering...)
  • vt[0]+V[0]personalprohibitive negative: one should not; don't (usually marking a strong prohibition)
  • vt+V[0]don't V(with explicit subject
   wú OC: ma MC: mi̯o 16 Attributions

Wú 毋 is a prohibitive particle which normally requires that any transitive verb it precedes must retain its object.

  • vt[0]{NEG}(+V[0])don't you> Don't!
  • vt{NEG}.+VtoNdon't
  • vt{NEG}+Vidon't Vi
   wú OC: ma MC: mi̯o 10 Attributions

Wú 無 appears often used for wú 毋, but there is a clear tendency for the word to indicate a generalised "one should not" rather than a "don't" hic et nunc.

  • vt+Vtdon't verb any object 無言; don't Vt at any time "don't speak!"; so as not to (= 毋)
   zhǐ MC: tsyiX OC: kljɯʔ 3 Attributions
  • vt(oV(0).)[postN{SUBJECT}do not do the contextually determinate thing
慎勿   shèn wù OC: djins mɯd MC: dʑin mi̯ut 1 Attribution
  • VPt+V[0]be careful not to, take care not to!
無得   wú dé OC: ma tɯɯɡ MC: mi̯o tək 1 Attribution
  • VPt+V[0]one should under no circumstances V
   bù OC: pɯʔ MC: pi̯ut 1 Attribution
  • padVshould not
毋以   wú yǐ MC: mju yiX OC: ma k-lɯʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoV(0)you should by no means V
莫復   mò fù OC: maaɡ buɡs MC: mɑk bɨu 0 Attributions
  • PPadVdon't in the future

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: