AUSPICIOUS  吉祥

Of LUCKY OMEN.
PROPITIOUSFAVOURABLEFELICITOUS
Antonymy

INAUSPICIOUS

Kind Of

LUCK

Old Chinese Criteria

[ACTION/EVENT]

[ARCHAIC/CURRENT]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. The general term is jí 吉 (ant. xiōng 凶 "inauspicious") and refers to any natural phenomenon or supposed supernatural response that is of good omen, in an everyday almost secular way.

[GENERAL]

2. Xiáng 祥 tends to refer to the auspiciousness of human actions, but in its nominal usages it came to be used more generally for all tings that bode well or ill.

[ACTION!]

3. The archaising and elevated, mostly nominal, ruì 瑞 has specific religious connotations with rituals and the Will of Heaven.

[ARCHAIC]

NB: Xìng 幸 (ant. bù xìng 不幸 "unfortunate") is purely "secular", and often coincidental, good luck with no metaphysical or religious significance being attached to the term. See LUCKY

Modern Chinese Criteria

吉兆

嘉祥

彩頭

祥瑞

利市 (coll) refers to a good business omen.

幸運

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 360

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 39
  • n : 20
  • nadN : 16
  • vadN : 11
  • nab : 8
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2} : 7
  • NPab : 2
  • v[adN] : 1
  • vi0 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 24
  • 論衡 : 22
  • 史記 : 8
  • 韓非子 : 6
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 周易 : 5
  • 毛詩 : 5
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 祖堂集 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 忠經 : 2
  • 管子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   xiáng OC: sɢlaŋ MC: zi̯ɐŋ 36 Attributions

Xiáng 祥 tends to refer to the auspiciousness of human actions, but in its nominal usages it came to be used more generally for all tings that bode well or ill.

  • ngood omens (for son); SHI 189.7: auspicious sign; GY 2.1: auspicious acts (are what one pleases the gods with)
  • vadNSHI 236: lucky (day); auspicious (hearth, carriage for a deceased person)
  • vi(primarily of human actions:)祥"be of good omen; be deserving of good luck"; 不祥"be of evil omen"; be of good omen, be liable to provoke a positive response from the supernatural world
  • vistative(of things or persons) be auspicious; have good prospects
   ruì OC: djols MC: dʑiɛ 27 Attributions

The archaising and elevated, mostly nominal, ruì 瑞 has specific religious connotations with rituals and the Will of Heaven.

  • nauspicious omen; auspicious signs
  • nadNCC, fengyou: auspicious and magic (chart); LIJI 6.72f: auspicious insignia of ran This is very close to xiáng 祥, but more elevated in style and tends to be used nominally.
   jí OC: kid MC: kit 26 Attributions

The general term is jí 吉 (ant. xiōng 凶 "inauspicious") and refers to any natural phenomenon or supposed supernatural response that is of good omen, in an everyday almost secular way.

  • nabevent(Heaven-sent) auspicious events or good fortune
  • nabstativeauspiciousness (or otherwise)
  • vadNSHI 252: excellent (officers) SHI 23: fine, excellent (officer, enticing a woman); SHI 80: auspicious (day); YI: auspicious; LIJI 9.90 and LAO 31: auspicious (i.e. festive, business)
  • vibe auspicious; be lucky; bode well
  • viprocessturn out auspiciously
  • vi0there will be good fortune
  • v[adN]what is auspicious, something auspicious
吉凶   jí xiōng OC: kid qhoŋ MC: kit hi̯oŋ 8 Attributions

Jí xiōng 吉凶 refers to the abstract dimension of auspiciousness versus inauspiciousness.

  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}conceptthe dimension of auspiciousness versus inauspiciousness; auspiciousness or otherwise
  • NPabfeatureauspiciousness or otherwise> auspiciousness
   yuán OC: ŋɡon MC: ŋi̯ɐn 3 Attributions
  • vadNauspicious (day)
   zhēn OC: teŋ MC: ʈiɛŋ 2 Attributions
  • nabmetaphysicalauspiciousness; good fortune
善吉   shàn jí OC: ɡjenʔ kid MC: dʑiɛn kit 1 Attribution
  • NPabstativeauspicious, good state; good form (of a person)
   rì OC: mljiɡ MC: ȵit 1 Attribution
  • nauspicious day
  • viwork with the auspiciousness of days/dates 日者 "calendar specialist"
   zào 1 Attribution
  • nabpromising potential
   lì OC: rids MC: li 0 Attributions
  • vtoNputativefind auspicious
   xìng OC: ɢreeŋʔ MC: ɦɣɛŋ 0 Attributions
    良吉   liáng jí OC: ɡ-raŋ kid MC: li̯ɐŋ kit 0 Attributions
    • VPiIt is auspicious

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: