CONTRARY  相反

INTENSELY DIFFERENT so as to INTERFERE.
CONTRADICTORYCONTRADITIONOPPOSITEOPPOSINGOPPOSEDCONTRADICTORYCLASHINGCONFLICTINGANTITHETICALINCOMPATIBLEIRRECONCILABLE
Taxonoymy

NOT

Antonymy

CONSISTENT

Kind Of

DIFFERENT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current word for being logically or practically opposed to something else is fǎn 反 (ant. tóng 同 "agree with, go along with").

2. Guāi 乖 refers to any kind of practical contradiction or opposition, also opposition to what is current and acceptable. See WICKED

2. Bèi 悖 (ant. xié 諧 "be in harmony with, be perfectly consistent with") refers quite abstractly to logical incoherence or inconsistency.

3.Hài 害 (ant. yì 益 "further strengthen the point") is a term for logical inconsistency.

4. Xiāng gōng 相攻 and bù xiāng róng 不相容 are technical terms referring to logical incompatibility.

NB: Shuǐ huǒ 水火 is late post-Buddhist and refers vividly to a practical incompatibility.

Modern Chinese Criteria

相反

相左

南轅北轍

背道而馳

戴盆望天

惡濕居下

引足救經

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 4.1062FF

KONTRADIKTION

KONTRADIKTORISCH

KONTRAER

DIVISIONES 1906 Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae no. 23

DIVISIONES 1906 Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae B 68

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO 88

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 37
  • vadV : 28
  • vi : 7
  • VPi : 4
  • n : 4
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • npost-N : 1
  • vi2 : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1
  • VPtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 34
  • 百喻經 : 12
  • 春秋左傳 : 11
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 春秋繁露 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 長短經 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

反 / 返   fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 28 Attributions
  • vadVon the contrary; contrary to intentions; as opposed to what one would expect; on the other hand
   fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 27 Attributions

The current word for being logically or practically opposed to something else is fǎn 反 (ant. tóng 同 "agree with, go along with"). xxx

  • nsubjectthe opposite, the reverse, the contrary; contradiction
  • nablogiccontradictory; the logical opposite
  • vadNcontradictory, inconsistent
  • vibe inconsistent
  • vtoNactdo the contrary, act in a way contrary to
  • vtoNstativebe opposed to; be inconsistent with, be at variance with; be the opposite of, be contrary to
   bèi OC: bɯɯds MC: buo̝i 7 Attributions

Bèi 悖 (ant. xié 諧 "be in harmony with, be perfectly consistent with") refers quite abstractly to contrariness as logical incoherence or inconsistency.

  • vt+prep+Nbe in contravention of, be contrary to
  • vtoNbe in contradiction with;
  • vtoNlogiccontradict (oneself)
   wéi OC: ɢul MC: ɦɨi 6 Attributions
  • vibe inconsistent with each other, be contrary to each other; fail to fit the circumstances
  • vtoNbe in contradiction with (of expressions), contradict
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • vtoNreflexive.自contradict (oneself)
   miù OC: mɢrus MC: mi̯u 3 Attributions
  • vadNcontradictory and confused
  • viactbe contradictory and confused
   guāi OC: kʷreed MC: kɣɛi 2 Attributions

Guāi 乖 refers to any kind of practical contradiction or opposition, also opposition to what is current and acceptable. See WICKED

  • vibe contrary
  • vt+prep+Ndisparage; be at odds with; go contrary to
   bó OC: praawɡ MC: pɣɔk 2 Attributions
  • vibe contradictory
不相容   bù xiāng róng OC: pɯʔ sqaŋ k-loŋ MC: pi̯ut si̯ɐŋ ji̯oŋ 2 Attributions

Xiāng gōng 相攻 and bù xiāng róng 不相容 are technical terms referring to logical incompatibility.

  • VPadNmarkedincompatible [This idiom is not claimed to be a word, but it is useful to compare with the other expressions in the synonym group.]
  • VPibe incompatible
   bù OC: pɯʔ MC: pi̯ut 1 Attribution
  • vt+V[0]by litotes: not in the least, the contrary of
   fá OC: bod MC: bi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfigurativebe in contradiction with
   hài OC: ɡaads MC: ɦɑi 1 Attribution

Hài 害 (ant. yì 益 "further strengthen the point") is a term for logical inconsistency.

  • vtoNfigurativebe inconsistent with
   sǔn OC: squunʔ MC: suo̝n 1 Attribution
  • vtoNstativecontravene; be contrary to; be in violation of
   guǐ OC: krolʔ MC: kiɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe contradictory with, be incompatible with; be radically different
   chóu OC: ɡju MC: dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • vibe inconsistent
乖忤   guāi wǔ OC: kʷreed ŋaas MC: kɣɛi ŋuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vi2be conflicting
相攻   xiāng gōng OC: sqaŋ kooŋ MC: si̯ɐŋ kuŋ 1 Attribution

Xiāng gōng 相攻 and bù xiāng róng 不相容 are technical terms referring to logical incompatibility.

  • VPibe in conflict with each other
  • VPtoNbe in conflict with each other in
舛駁   chuǎn bó OC: thjonʔ praawɡ MC: tɕhiɛn pɣɔk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe contrary
相反   xiāng fǎn MC: sjang pjonX OC: sqaŋ panʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe contradictory; be in mutual contradiction
   fǎn 1 Attribution
  • npost-NN's opposite
   cì OC: skhleɡs MC: tshiɛ 0 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nbe contrary to
   wǔ OC: ŋaaʔ MC: ŋuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto oppose; be in opposition to
   wǔ OC: ŋaas MC: ŋuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbe at variance with, contradict
   yán OC: - MC: ŋɣɛn 0 Attributions
  • viactbe obstreporous and recalcitrant
   chuǎn OC: thjonʔ MC: tɕhiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vicontradictory
   huán OC: ɡʷraan MC: ɦɣan 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
乖異   guāi yì OC: kʷreed p-lɯɡs MC: kɣɛi jɨ 0 Attributions
  • NPabmetaphysicalcontradictory divergence
  • VPi2be contradictorily divergent
反復   fǎn fù OC: panʔ buɡ MC: pi̯ɐn buk 0 Attributions
  • VPadVmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: inverse, reciprocal
水火   shuǐ huǒ OC: qhjulʔ qphaalʔ MC: ɕi hʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • VPipost-Han, Ming: be like fire and water, be practically quite incompatible with each other
返衰   fǎn cuī OC: panʔ tshrol MC: pi̯ɐn ʈʂhiɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPimathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
還元   huán yuán OC: ɡʷraan ŋɡon MC: ɦɣan ŋi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
反其率   fǎn qí lǜ OC: panʔ ɡɯ rud MC: pi̯ɐn gɨ lit 0 Attributions
  • VPimathematical termCHEMLA 2003:

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: