Taxonomy of meanings for 人:

  • 人 rén (OC: njin MC: ȵin) 如鄰切 平 廣韻:【天地人爲三才亦漢複姓十氏左傳有寺人披齊有徒人費周有王人子突魯有雍人髙宋有𢊍人僕鄭有大夫子人九國語吴有行人儀孔子弟子左人郢漢司空掾封人嬰後漢司徒聞人襲 】
    • belonging to the human race>HUMAN
      • n{PRED}be truly human; be only human; be human
      • nfigurativeBUDDH: person > the subjective, subject, the one who perceives throught the sense organs (one of the central terms in the 臨濟錄 contrasted to 境 which refers to the 'objective', 'the objects perceived', 'environment')
      • nideala true human; a person as one should be, a human worthy of than name, a person who deserves to be called human
      • nindefinitea person, someone
      • nindefinitea man, someone
      • nnonreferential太平經:人者天之子也 天生人 man in general; man in the true sense of that word, man who deserves the name of man
      • nobjectman
      • nsubject=definitethe man
      • nvocativeMan!
      • nabconceptthe sort of person; the kind of man
      • nabmetaphysicalman (as opposed to animals, or inanimate things, or spirits, or Heaven, or Earth)
      • nadNnonreferentialhuman, designated for men, belonging to human beings; designed for human consumption
      • nadVanalogylike a man
      • nadVquantifierper person
      • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-Nclassifiermeasure-word for humans 生子二人
      • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-Nmeasure-word for humans
      • npost-N{PLACE}definitethe (typically elevated) people in Npl [This should probably be subsumed under the general "def.plur" semantic category, and this is easily done. However the examples form a neat set of some interest, so I keep them together. CH]
      • npost-N{PLACE}indefinitea person/man from Npl
      • npost-N{PLACE}predicatebe a person from Npl
      • npost-N{PLACE}cancellary stylein Annals cancellary style: (unidentified) patricians of Npl; the leadership of Npl; often: an (unidentified) representative of Npl; representatives of Npl, sometimes military: the (military) men from Npl, the forces of Npl
      • npost-N{PLACE}definitethe person from Npl
      • npost-N{PLACE}.+Npra man from Npl by the name of Npr 宋人屈穀
      • npost-N{PLACE}the leading people of Npl
      • npost-N{PLACE}reference=rulerperson (who is the ruler of the place N)
      • nproindefiniteone; somebody; someone
      • viactpractise what is human (rather than from Heaven); behave like a human??
      • vtoNcausativeto humanise, to make truly human
      • npost-V{NUM}.postYOU:post-Nclassifier(number of) persons (postposed classifier)
      • nnonreferential, subjecta person, someone
      • npreposed object: men in general
      • npostVtnonreferentialdummy object of some transitive verbs: people in general. cf. 狗咬人
      • nvague: people (in general)
      • nabconceptconcept of man
      • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-NpredicateN extends to NUM of persons: 其弟三人 "he had three brothers"
      • ncpost-V{NUM}V man; V men
      • nadNindefinitesomeone's
      • vibe human, have human features
      • as empoloyee>WORKER
        • npost-Nworker/keeper characterised by N
      • feature> ARTIFICIAL
      • reflexive>SELF
        • indeterminate: object always indeterminate> SOMEONE
          • different from subject>OTHER
            • npostVtpluralother persons; other people; all the other people
            • npostVtsingularanother person, someone else
            • nadNother people's
            • nproindefiniteanyone else
            • nprononreferentialother people quite generally [NOT: the other one]
            • n+V{PRED}subjectsomeone else
            • nobjectpreposed object topic> others in general
            • nadNobjecthaving others as an object of one's actions
            • npostVtindefiniteothers, some other people
            • nadNindefinitesomeone else's
            • nadNderivedcoming from others, as told by others
            • nprogeneralplural: others
            • nprogeneralplural: others
            • nprosomeone else
          • generalising, collective: plural>PEOPLE
            • nnonreferentialpeople generally; mankind
            • npluralpeople; the people 君者舟也;人者水也。"The ruler is (like) a boat; the (his) people are (like) water"
            • nadNoriginating in people; people's
            • npost-N{PLACE}commonthe common people of Npl
            • npost-N{Place}leading: the (leading) people in N
            • npost-NN=timeleading: the (leading) people belonging to the time N
          • specific: grown-up>ADULT
            • nadult 成人 "become an adult"
          • specific: fine>GOOD
        • SURNAMES
          • =仁KERNEL