SOLDIER  士兵

ADULT who is a MEMBER of an ARMY.
FIGHTERTROOPERSERVICEMANSERVICEWOMANWARRIORGIPEACEKEEPER
Hypernym

ADULTHUMAN who is SUFFICIENTLY OLD to ESTABLISH his/her SEPARATE HOME. -> HUMANANIMAL which HAS TWO LEGS AND LACKS FEATHERS. -> ANIMALCREATURE ABLE to FEEL AND MOVE. -> CREATURELIVING THING. -> THINGCONCRETE OBJECT. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

RIDETRAVEL SITTING ON an ANIMAL.

Hyponym
  • OFFICER LEADING SOLDIER in an ARMY.
    • GENERAL OFFICER who is the LEADER of an ARMY.
    Old Chinese Criteria

    1. There is no current general word for a soldier of any rank, and the collective term for soldiers is jūn 軍 "army". See ARMY

    2. Zú 卒 and the archaic tú 徒 refer to an ordinary infantry soldier, and these footsoldiers never ride chariots.

    3. Jiǎ 甲 refers to armoured soldiers riding in carriages.

    4. Jì 騎 refers to cavalry (Han dynasty).

    5. Nǔ 弩 refers to crossbowmen.

    6. Yì 役 refers to a conscript soldier.

    7. Xiǎo rén 小人 (jūn zǐ 君子 "soldier of a higher grade") refers generically to the lower grades in the army.

    8. Shì 士 refers to officers riding chariots in battle.

    NB: Bīng 兵 "soldier" may turn out to be post-Han. I have not yet found a clear example where the word refers to a soldier.

    黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

    HUANG JINGUI 2006

    WARFARE 6.

    兵,士兵的通稱。

    士,泛指一般的士兵,有表敬意味。

    勇,地方招募的士兵。

    丁,泛指士兵,與 “ 兵 ” 等連用。

    Modern Chinese Criteria

    士兵

    兵士

    戰士

    士卒

    兵卒

    兵丁

    兵勇

    兵員

    小兵

    戰鬥員

    大兵

    老總

    丘八

    軍士

    步兵

    陸軍

    徒兵

    騎兵

    輕騎

    梟騎

    鐵騎

    驍騎

    水兵

    水師

    水虎

    水軍

    舟師 refers generally to the navy.

    海軍

    親兵 (lit) refers to a traditional bodygard.

    rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

    • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 20.17

    • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 1966) p. 200

      Armbrustschuetze:

    • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 1966) p. 233

      Reiter

    • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 2000) p. 792

      Reiter:

    • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 2000) p. 826

      Waffe(n):

    • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

      MILES/MILITIA

    • 論衡同義詞研究 ( LUNHENG TONGYI 2004) p. 74

    • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 4.848

    • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 90

      1. There is at least one sound example of bi1ng 兵 referring to soldiers: ZUO 徒兵千 "one thousand footsoldiers", contrary what WL claims.

    • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 36

    Attributions by syntactic funtion

    • NP : 11
    • ncc : 9
    • n : 7
    • n[adN] : 5
    • NPm : 2
    • NP{vtoN1(.adN2)} : 2
    • NP(post-N) : 1
    • npost-N : 1
    • vtoN : 1
    • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-N : 1
    • vi : 1

    Attributions by text

    • 戰國策 : 12
    • 說苑 : 3
    • 孫子 : 3
    • 賢愚經 : 3
    • 毛詩 : 3
    • 孟子 : 3
    • 史記 : 2
    • 祖堂集 : 2
    • 晏子春秋 : 1
    • 山海經 : 1
    • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
    • 韓詩外傳 : 1
    • 楚辭 : 1
    • 呂氏春秋 : 1
    • 鹽鐵論 : 1
    • 管子 : 1
    • 百喻經 : 1
    • 臨濟錄 : 1

    Words

       shì OC: dzrɯʔ MC: ɖʐɨ 6 Attributions

    Shì 士 refers to officers riding chariots in battle.

    • nccofficer on a war chariot who is protected by shield and helmet
    • npost-None's officers
       jiǎ OC: kraab MC: kɣap 5 Attributions

    Jiǎ 甲 refers to armoured soldiers riding in carriages.

    • n[adN]N=humZUO Xuan 2: armoured soldier; heavily armed soldier
       zú OC: skuud MC: tsuot 3 Attributions

    Zú 卒 and the archaic tú 徒 refer to an ordinary infantry soldier, and these footsoldiers never ride chariots.

    • nfigurativesoldiers in the army of hell, short for 獄卒
    • nccagenttroops; foot-soldier, ordinary infantry soldier 一卒
    士卒   shì zú OC: dzrɯʔ skuud MC: ɖʐɨ tsuot 3 Attributions
    • NPpluralofficers and men
    獄卒   yù zú OC: ŋoɡ skud MC: ŋi̯ok tsʷit 3 Attributions
    • NPguard of hell
       bīng OC: praŋ MC: pɣaŋ 2 Attributions
    • nsoldier, a body of soldiers
       shù OC: qhjos MC: ɕi̯o 2 Attributions
    • nborder guards; a border garrson; garrison soldiers
    • viactserve as a garrison soldier
    兵眾   bīng zhòng OC: praŋ tjuŋs MC: pɣaŋ tɕuŋ 2 Attributions

    army, large group (mass) of soldiers

    • NPmcolloquialmass of soldiers, troops
    劍客   jiàn kè OC: kloms khraaɡ MC: ki̯ɐm khɣɛk 2 Attributions
    • NPswordsman
    武夫   wǔ fū OC: mbaʔ pa MC: mi̯o pi̯o 2 Attributions
    • NPpluralwarriors, gallant soldiers
       nǔ OC: naaʔ MC: nuo̝ 1 Attribution

    Nǔ 弩 refers to crossbowmen.

    • nagentcrossbowman
       yì OC: ɢʷleɡ MC: jiɛk 1 Attribution

    Yì 役 refers to a conscript soldier.

    • nconscript soldier
    • viactserve as conscript labour force; serve as conscript soldiers
       tú OC: daa MC: duo̝ 1 Attribution

    Zú 卒 and the archaic tú 徒 refer to an ordinary infantry soldier, and these footsoldiers never ride chariots.

    • nagentSHI: infantry soldier; soldier
    • vtoNform footmen to
       bù OC: baas MC: buo̝ 1 Attribution
    • nnonreferentialfootsoldiers
       wèi OC: ɢods MC: ɦiɛi 1 Attribution
    • nccsubjectguard
       jūn OC: kun MC: ki̯un 1 Attribution

    There is no current general word for a soldier of any rank, and the collective term for soldiers is jūn 軍 "army". See ARMY

    • npluralsoldiers; detachment of soldiers forming a "wing" or formal part of an army 右軍3
       lǐng OC: ɡ-reŋʔ MC: liɛŋ 1 Attribution
    • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-Nclassifierclassifier for soliders
    保介   bǎo jiè OC: puuʔ kreeds MC: pɑu kɣɛi 1 Attribution
    • NP{vtoN1(.adN2)}armed guard
    左右   zuǒ yòu OC: skaalʔ ɢʷɯʔ MC: tsɑ ɦɨu 1 Attribution
    • NPpluralattendant officers on the left and right
    帶甲   dài jiǎ OC: taads kraab MC: tɑi kɣap 1 Attribution
    • NP{vtoN1(.adN2)}armored soldier
    被甲之士   bì jiǎ zhī shì MC: bjeH kaep tsyi dzriX OC: brals kraab kljɯ dzrɯʔ 1 Attribution
    • NP(post-N)(his) soldier wearing armour
       shèng OC: ɢjɯŋs MC: ʑɨŋ 0 Attributions
    • npluralchariot-borne soldiers/officers
       yǒng OC: k-loŋʔ MC: ji̯oŋ 0 Attributions
    • v[adN]pluraleuphemistic word for soldiers
       hé OC: ɡool MC: ɦʷɑ 0 Attributions
    • narmed guard
        OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

    zhě

    • nfangyan, extremely rare: southern dialect word for a soldier with unknown connotations
       dié OC: leeb MC: dep 0 Attributions
    • nlightly armed soldier
       jù OC: ɡlas MC: gi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
    • nfast rider on a post horse
       jì OC: ɡrals MC: giɛ 0 Attributions

    Jì 騎 refers to cavalry (Han dynasty).

    • ncavalry
    令君   lìng jūn OC: ɡ-reŋs klun MC: liɛŋ ki̯un 0 Attributions
    • NPofficer in charge
    兵士   bīng shì OC: praŋ dzrɯʔ MC: pɣaŋ ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralarmed men> soldiers
    執秩   zhí zhì OC: tjib rliɡ MC: tɕip ɖit 0 Attributions
    • NP{vtoN1(.adN2)}supervising officer
    小人   xiǎo rén OC: smewʔ njin MC: siɛu ȵin 0 Attributions

    Xiǎo rén 小人 (jūn zǐ 君子"soldier of a higher grade") refers generically to the lower grades in the army.

    • ncclesser charges in the army
    師徒   shī tú OC: sril daa MC: ʂi duo̝ 0 Attributions
    • NPmcolloquialmilitary forces of the army
    役徒   yì tú OC: ɢʷleɡ daa MC: jiɛk duo̝ 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralsoldiers
    征人   zhēng rén OC: tjeŋ njin MC: tɕiɛŋ ȵin 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralsoldiers on the march
    徒兵   tú bīng OC: daa praŋ MC: duo̝ pɣaŋ 0 Attributions
    • NPminfantry
    徒卒   tú zú OC: daa skuud MC: duo̝ tsuot 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralfootsoldiers
    徒衛   tú wèi OC: daa ɢods MC: duo̝ ɦiɛi 0 Attributions
    • NPguards
    戎右   róng yòu OC: njuŋ ɢʷɯʔ MC: ȵuŋ ɦɨu 0 Attributions
    • NPright hand military leader
    戍客   shù kè OC: qhjos khraaɡ MC: ɕi̯o khɣɛk 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralsoldiers (on campaign?)
    戰士   zhàn shì OC: tjans dzrɯʔ MC: tɕiɛn ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
    • NPsoldier
    熊羆   xióng pí OC: ɢum pral MC: ɦuŋ piɛ 0 Attributions
    • NPnonreferentialcrack soldiers, fierce soldiers
    甲楯   jiǎ shǔn OC: kraab ɢljunʔ MC: kɣap ʑʷin 0 Attributions
    • NParmoured soldiers carrying shields
    私卒   sī zú OC: sil skuud MC: si tsuot 0 Attributions
    • NPmfamily armed forces
    虎賁 / 虎奔   hǔ bēn OC: qhlaaʔ pɯɯn MC: huo̝ puo̝n hǔ bēn OC: qhlaaʔ pɯɯn MC: huo̝ puo̝n 0 Attributions
    • NPWatson: "tiger-fleet warriors", elite forces
    行子   xíng zǐ OC: ɢraaŋ sklɯʔ MC: ɦɣaŋ tsɨ 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralthe soldiers
    軍人   jūn rén OC: kun njin MC: ki̯un ȵin 0 Attributions
    • NPsoldier
    伏甲   fú jiǎ MC: bjuwk kaep OC: bɯɡ kraab 0 Attributions
    • NPhidden heavy armoured soldiers

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: