ENTERTAINER  演藝人員

ARTISAN:specialist AIMING to AMUSE OTHERS.
PERFORMERARTISTEARTISTCLOWNJESTERFOOL
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for an entertainer is jì 妓, and this word refers to any entertainer including artists, dancers, and clowns of any kind.

2. Chàng 倡 refers occasionally to an entertainer specialised in singing, especially the main singer.

3. Lìng 伶 refers specifically to a musician-entertainer who accompanies the main singers chàng 倡.

4. Yōu 優 and yōu rén 優人 refers to dwarf-clowns who perform through comic talk, comic action and slapstick comedy.

5. Pái 俳 and more often pái yōu 俳優 refer to a superior specialist in comic talk.

6. Zhū rú 侏儒 is a general word for a dwarf, and since the dwarf at court typically acted as a clown, the term came also to refer generally to clowns.

7. Nu# yuè 女樂 is a standard general term for female musical entertainers or female musicians.

Modern Chinese Criteria

藝人

演藝人員

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 103

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 363

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

CLOWN

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 329

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP{N1=N2} : 16
  • n : 8
  • NP : 6
  • VP[adN] : 3
  • vi : 3
  • n+Npr : 2
  • v[adN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 20
  • 管子 : 5
  • 史記 : 5
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1

Words

侏儒   zhū rú OC: tjo njo MC: tɕi̯o ȵi̯o 16 Attributions

Zhū rú 侏儒 is a general word for a dwarf, and since the dwarf at court typically acted as a clown, the term came also to refer generally to clowns.

  • NP{N1=N2}dwarf clown
優 / 優优   yōu OC: qu MC: ʔɨu  OC:  MC:  6 Attributions

Yōu 優 and yōu rén 優人 refers to dwarf-clowns who perform through comic talk, comic action and slapstick comedy. Yōu 優 and yōu rén 優人 refers to dwarf-clowns who perform through comic talk, comic action and slapstick comedy.

  • nagentcourt entertainer; jester
  • n+NprtitleJester Npr
   chàng OC: thjaŋs MC: tɕhi̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions

Chàng 倡 refers occasionally to an entertainer specialised in singing, especially the main singer.

  • nprofessional entertainer specialising in song
  • viactlead the singing, be the song-leader
倡優   chāng yōu OC: thjaŋ qu MC: tɕhi̯ɐŋ ʔɨu 4 Attributions
  • NPcollectiveentertainers of all sorts
  • NPadVobjectlike an entertainer Sima Qian, BAO REN'ANSHU: 倡優畜之 "keep like entertainers"
優笑   yōu xiào OC: qu sqows MC: ʔɨu siɛu 3 Attributions
  • VP[adN]court jester
   zhū OC: tjo MC: tɕi̯o 1 Attribution
  • ndwarf acting as entertainer
   rú OC: njo MC: ȵi̯o 1 Attribution
  • ndwarf-clown
   xiào OC: sqows MC: siɛu 1 Attribution
  • v[adN]buffoon, jester
俳優   pái yōu OC: brɯɯd qu MC: bɣɛi ʔɨu 1 Attribution

Pái 俳 and more often pái yōu 俳優 refer to a superior specialist in comic talk.

  • NPnonreferentialjesters
棚頭   péng tóu OC: braaŋ doo MC: bɣaŋ du 1 Attribution
  • NPThis word appeared during the Song dyn. and refers to persons engaged in all kinds of entertainment and especially gambling activities (e.g. rooster fights, bedding, etc.)
   jì OC: ɡreʔ MC: giɛ 0 Attributions
  • n?????
   líng OC: ɡ-reeŋ MC: leŋ 0 Attributions

Lìng 伶refers specifically to a musician-entertainer who accompanies the main singers chàng 倡.

  • nmusical entertainer, typically specialised in musical accompaniment
   pái OC: brɯɯd MC: bɣɛi 0 Attributions

Pái 俳 and more often pái yōu 俳優 refer to a superior specialist in comic talk.

  • nHANSHU: court jester specialising in funny talk
   jì OC: ɡreʔ MC: giɛ 0 Attributions

The most current general word for an entertainer is jì 妓, and this word refers to any entertainer including artists, dancers, and clowns of any kind.

    俳唱   pái chàng OC: brɯɯd thjaŋs MC: bɣɛi tɕhi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
    • ncourt comedy, court jesting
    俳舞   pái wǔ OC: brɯɯd maʔ MC: bɣɛi mi̯o 0 Attributions
    • nQIANFULUN: comic performance
    優俳   yōu pái OC: qu brɯɯd MC: ʔɨu bɣɛi 0 Attributions
    • ncomedy actor???; comedy
    優徒   yōu tú OC: qu daa MC: ʔɨu duo̝ 0 Attributions
    • NP{N1adN2}agentjesters
    女樂   nǚ yuè OC: naʔ ŋɡraawɡ MC: ɳi̯ɤ ŋɣɔk 0 Attributions

    Nu# yuè 女樂 is a standard general term for female musical entertainers or female musicians.

      拍彈   pāi dàn OC: phraaɡ daans MC: phɣɛk dɑn 0 Attributions
      • NPpost-Han, SANGUOZHI: comic performance by
      狎徒   xiá tú OC: ɡraab daa MC: ɦɣap duo̝ 0 Attributions
      • NPcourt entertainer
         yuè OC: ŋɡraawɡ MC: ŋɣɔk 0 Attributions
      • nentertainer
         lì MC: lijH OC: ɡ-rɯbs 0 Attributions
      • vtoNenter and fulfill office
         yú 0 Attributions
      • vibe foolish

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: