DWELLING  住宅

BUILDING PRODUCED so as to PERMIT HUMANS to DWELL in it.
RESIDENCEHOMEHOUSEACCOMMODATIONSQUARTERSROOMSLODGINGSINFORMAL PLACEPADDIGSFORMAL ABODEDOMICILEHABITATION
Taxonoymy

HUTMONASTERY

See also

HOME

Kind Of

BUILDING

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for a dwelling of any kind noble or ordinary is shè 舍.

2. Zhái 宅 refers generally to the abode of anyone of any status, and the word is a polite designation for what is presumed to be a dwelling of some elegance and status.

3. Dì 第 refers, from Han times onwards, to a dwelling conferred on someone by the emperor.

4. Jiā 家 can occasionally come to refer to the buildings which house a clan, but examples are surprisingly rare.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

ARCHITECTURE 6.

宮,有圍牆圍護的房屋、住宅,秦以後作帝王宮殿的專稱。

室,早期主要指堂後的寢室,引申為有封閉空間、居人貯物的居室。

房,指堂兩邊的房間,秦以後作富貴者居舍之通稱。

屋,本為屋蓋義,漢代起為一般居舍的通稱。

ARCHITECTURE 7.

宅,上古指經過選擇可以營築屋舍的宅基地,唐代起指在京朝臣的官宅。

第,皇帝所賜的、有次第等級的官宅。

府,官者居舍,偏指有官職人的私宅。

邸,設在京師的接待外賓或諸郡王侯朝見時住宿的客居之所,引申指達官、王侯在外棲止的副宅。

Modern Chinese Criteria

住房

住宅

宅子

宅院

居屋

居室

廬舍

第室

闔廬

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 316

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 105

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.144:95FF

MAISON.LOGIS; LOGIS.LOGEMENT; HABITATION.MAISON.SEJOUR.DOMICILE.DEMEURE

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.340

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 103

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 120A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 68
  • NP : 17
  • n : 3
  • NP[post-N] : 2
  • nab : 1
  • NP(post-N.)adV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 21
  • 百喻經 : 11
  • 賢愚經 : 9
  • 春秋左傳 : 8
  • 臨濟錄 : 6
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 六祖壇經 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   shè OC: lʰas MC: ɕɣɛ 22 Attributions

The most current general word for a dwelling of any kind noble or ordinary is shè 舍.

  • ndwelling; humble home; often used by guests only for a night or two; temporary hut; humble designation of one's own home; also abstract: place to assemble and exist in; encampment (of army)
  • nfigurative(abstract:) abode, dwelling place
   wū OC: qooɡ MC: ʔuk 20 Attributions

Wū 屋 refers originally to the roof, but from Han times onwards this word can come to replace gōng 宮 in its archaic meanings "family complex of buildings with a surrounding wall".

  • nordinary non-main house for non-leading members of the clan; generally: house (occasionally even refers to many-storeyed 樓
  • nfigurativedwelling
   zhái OC: brlaaɡ MC: ɖɣɛk 16 Attributions

Zhái 宅 refers generally to the abode of anyone of any status, and the word is a polite designation for what is presumed to be a dwelling of some elegance and status.

  • nresidence of an official; housing; homestead
  • nabmetaphysical"home"
  • nfigurative'dwelling'
   gōng OC: kuŋ MC: kuŋ 6 Attributions
  • nhouse; generally: dwelling, often involving several buildings
  • nwomenwomen's quarters
舍宅   shè zhái OC: lʰas brlaaɡ MC: ɕɣɛ ɖɣɛk 5 Attributions
  • NP(post-N.)adVin one's home
  • NP[post-N]one's dwelling
  • NP[post-N]reflexiveone's dwelling
  • NPdwelling
   jiā OC: kraa MC: kɣɛ 4 Attributions

Jiā 家 can occasionally come to refer to the buildings which house a clan, but examples are surprisingly rare.

  • ncompound of buildings housing a clan
大寢   dà qǐn OC: daads skhimʔ MC: dɑi tshim 4 Attributions
  • NPGrand Chamber (in the ancestral temple, as opposed to the side chamber, the xiǎo qǐn 小寢)
住處   zhù chù OC: dos qhljas MC: ɖi̯o tɕhi̯ɤ 3 Attributions
  • NPdwelling place > domicile
   yǔ OC: ɢʷraʔ MC: ɦi̯o 2 Attributions
  • nSHI: dwelling
屋舍   wū shè OC: qooɡ lʰas MC: ʔuk ɕɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • NPhome, dwelling
   cì OC: snʰis MC: tshi 1 Attribution
  • nthe place where one stays, near the tomb of one's parents, after these have died, for a period of three years
夏屋   xià wū OC: ɡraaʔ qooɡ MC: ɦɣɛ ʔuk 1 Attribution
  • NPsuptuous high building
門閣   mén gé OC: mɯɯn klaaɡ MC: muo̝n kɑk 1 Attribution
  • NPmany-storeyed building
闔廬   hé lú OC: ɡaab k-ra MC: ɦɑp li̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NPhumble dwelling
高樓   gāo lóu OC: koow ɡ-roo MC: kɑu lu 1 Attribution
  • NPbuilding of several storeys
住止處   zhù zhǐ chù OC: dos kljɯʔ qhljas MC: ɖi̯o tɕɨ tɕhi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NPplace to stay
   jū MC: kjo OC: ka 1 Attribution
  • ndwelling
室堂   shì shǐ táng MC: syit dang OC: qhljiɡ daaŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPhouse, dwelling
   shù OC: ɡljaʔ MC: dʑi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • nJINSHU: datcha
   sì OC: sɢlɯs MC: zɨ 0 Attributions
  • nfrom Qín times onwards: dwelling of a high official
   fǔ OC: poʔ MC: pi̯o 0 Attributions
  • npolite way of referring to the dwelling of a senior official
   dì OC: liils MC: dei 0 Attributions

Dì 第 refers, from Han times onwards, to a dwelling conferred on someone by the emperor.

  • nofficial permanent dwelling conferred by the emperor
   dǐ OC: tiilʔ MC: tei 0 Attributions
  • nemperor's biéshù 別墅 or datcha also for the use of empresses and imperial family

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: