DWELL  居/處

BE-IN a HOME ENDURINGLY:permanently.
RESIDELIVEBE SETTLEDBE HOUSEDLODGESTAYINFORMAL PUT UPFORMAL ABIDEBE DOMICILED
See also

BE IN

Kind Of

BE IN

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general words for dwelling in a place for some considerable time are jū 居 and chǔ 處 (all ant. xíng 行 "travel").

2. Shè 舍 and sù 宿 refer to spending the night in a certain place.

3. Guǎn 館 refers to spending the night in a visitor's hostel (which is China's ancient answer to a hotel).

4. Qī 棲 refers to a temporary or non-voluntary stay of any length, typically of an informal kind. See ROOST

5. Xìn 信 is sometimes used as a technical term for staying in a place for two nights.

6. Cì 次 is sometimes used as a technical term for spending more than two days in a certain place.

7. Jì 寄 and yù 寓 refer to staying in some place for a strictly limited space of time.

8. Jùn 軍 refers specifically to an army encamping in a certain place for a limited time.

NB: Zhù 住 is post-Buddhist (SIX DYNASTIES)

Modern Chinese Criteria

居住

住在

住居

居留

棲身

棲止

安身

容身

卜居

存身

寄身

托身

托跡

托足

盤桓

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 7.11

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

INHABIT

incolere is a transitive verb referring to permanent residence in the object.

habitare takes a prepositional phrase as an object and is synonymous with incolere.

MENGZI TONGYI 2002 “孟子”同義詞研究 313

WANG WEIHUI 2000 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 288

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.225.184

DEMEURER.LOGER

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 322

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 112
  • vt+prep+N : 75
  • vt(oN) : 25
  • vi+prep+N : 12
  • vi : 11
  • vt[oN] : 10
  • vi-N : 5
  • VPi : 4
  • nab : 4
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 3
  • VPt(oN) : 3
  • VPadN : 2
  • NP : 1
  • vadV : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • vtpost-.VtoN : 1
  • vtoNab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 105
  • 韓非子 : 20
  • 祖堂集 : 16
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 13
  • 孟子 : 13
  • 論語 : 11
  • 說苑 : 9
  • 莊子 : 8
  • 管子 : 7
  • 戰國策 : 7
  • 呂氏春秋 : 6
  • 六祖壇經 : 6
  • 荀子 : 5
  • 史記 : 5
  • 百喻經 : 4
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 4
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 法句經 : 3
  • 列子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 穆天子傳 : 1
  • 天中記 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   jū OC: ka MC: ki̯ɤ 64 Attributions

The current general words for dwelling in a place for some considerable time are jū 居 and chǔ 處 (all ant. xíng 行 "travel").

  • nabactdeciding where to live; choice of dwelling place
  • vt[oN]choose to live in a place
  • vt+prep+Ndwell in
  • vt+prep+Ninchoativeto settle (in a place) to find a dwelling (somewhere); take up residence in
  • vtoNdwell in for longish time LY 15 居是邦 "when living in such-and-such a state"
  • vtoNinchoativesettle in, go to reside in, take up residence in
  • vtoNN=humansettle among
  • vtoNstativebe situated in; have one's (permanent, or at least lasting) abode in; spend one's time (with someone); transferred: be in (such-and-such a condition)
  • vtoNabfind oneself in (a situation etc)
  • vt(oN)live in the contextually determinate place N
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2causativecause N1 to live in the place N2
  • vt(oN)live in some place
  • vt[oN]live in a place
  • vtoNtreat as one's permanent home
   chǔ OC: khljaʔ MC: tɕhi̯ɤ 29 Attributions
  • viactpass one's time, live in a certain place vt(oN)
  • vt+prep+Nlive in
  • vtoNstay in (a place); stay among (the barbarians etc); choose to dwell in, choose as one's abode; take up private residence in
  • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to have a dwelling
  • vtoNfigurativedwell in (oneself)
  • vt+prep+Ninchoativetake up private residence in
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2cause N1 to take up residence in N2
  • vt[oN]dwell in one's place
  • vt(oN)inchoativesettle in N
  • vtoNfigurativederived: dwell in spiritually> live by N, be constantly informed spiritually or morally by N
   cì OC: snʰis MC: tshi 27 Attributions

Cì 次 is sometimes used as a technical term for spending more than two days in a certain place.

  • nhalting place (of an army)
  • vt(oN)OBI: camp for a few days (as of an army in a military campaign), encampTAKASHIMA: all occurrences of the OBI graph (commonly transcribed as 次 ) with a horizontal stroke undertneath the graph are verbal, whereas all nominal uses of the graph do not have this horizontal stroke.
  • vt+prep+Nmake a halt in; spend some days in
   jūn OC: kun MC: ki̯un 21 Attributions

Jùn 軍 refers specifically to an army encamping in a certain place for a limited time.

  • vi-Nencamp at
  • vi+prep+N(of an army) to encamp at
  • vt[oN]encamp, make camp
   zài OC: sɡɯɯʔ MC: dzəi 20 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Ndwell in
  • vtoN.adVin 在邯鄲住
  • vtoNactdwell in, stay in, live inBuddh. historiographic writings: have one's permament residence in (i.e. as one's main place of teaching activities)
   shè OC: lʰas MC: ɕɣɛ 18 Attributions

Shè 舍 and sù 宿 refer to spending the night in a certain place.

  • vt(oN)set up one's army camp; stop for the night
  • vt+prep+Ntake temporary lodging (with somebody or in a certain place); (of army) encamp at
  • vtoNspend the night in (a place); take temporary lodging with or at
  • vtoNcausativecause to dwell
   zhù OC: dos MC: ɖi̯o 17 Attributions

NB: Zhù 住 is post-Buddhist (SIX DYNASTIES)

  • nobjectSHU: place where one stays
  • nabactthe dwelling with things
  • vt(oN)live in a contextually determinate place
  • vt(oN)figurativedwell with the contextually determinate N
  • vt[oN]figurativedwell with things
  • vt+prep+Ndwell in N
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativestay in, dwell in (a mental state)
  • vtoNpost-Han: stay in; reside at
  • vtoNfigurativepersevere in, cultivate constantly
  • vtoNsubject=humanreside in, be in
  • vtpost-.VtoNN=objlive in N
  • vtoNmake one's home in (the universe)
   shī OC: sril MC: ʂi 15 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Ndeploy one's troops for aggressive purposes at, encamp at
宿   sù OC: suɡ MC: suk 13 Attributions

Shè 舍 and sù 宿 refer to spending the night in a certain place.

  • viactspend the night
  • vt(oN)spend the night in a contextually determinate place; later more generally: dwell
  • vt+prep+Nspend the night in
  • vtoNspend the night in
  • vtpostN{OBJ}spend the night in
   ān OC: qaan MC: ʔɑn 10 Attributions
  • vtoNsettle peacefully in (a place), be at peace in (a place, also abstractly: a social position)
  • vtoNfigurativedwell securely in > cultivate constantly
   yù OC: ŋos MC: ŋi̯o 4 Attributions

Jì 寄 and yù 寓 refer to staying in some place for a strictly limited space of time.

  • vadNtemporay residing; refugee
  • vt(oN)live in a place
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativedwell in
  • vtoNactcome to lodge in, happen to reside in for a time; stay with for a time
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2causativelodge (somebody N1) temporarily at (a place N2)無寓人於我室
   lú OC: k-ra MC: li̯ɤ 4 Attributions
  • viactlive in simple surroundings
  • viactlive in the mourning shed
  • vt+prep+Nlive in a simple hut in N
   zhǐ OC: kljɯʔ MC: tɕɨ 3 Attributions
  • vispend the night
  • vt(oN)spend the night in
  • viderivedabstract: (in recitation) stay in place (not moving on quickly), dwell in one place/on one word
   zhái OC: brlaaɡ MC: ɖɣɛk 2 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nmake one's home in; settle in
  • vtoNOBI: take up residence in (a house); dwell
  • vt(oN)make one's home in the contextually determinate N
   jì OC: krals MC: kiɛ 2 Attributions

Jì 寄 and yù 寓 refer to staying in some place for a strictly limited space of time.

  • vadVtemporarily; (live) for a time
  • vt+prep+Ndwell in 寄生於
  • vtoNseek lodging with for a time, find security for a time with; stay with for a time
   lǚ OC: raʔ MC: li̯ɤ 2 Attributions
  • viactstay in a place
  • vt+prep+Nfigurative"dwell"
   guàn OC: koons MC: kʷɑn 2 Attributions

Guǎn 館 refers to spending the night in a visitor's hostel (which is China's ancient answer to a hotel).

  • viactspend the night in a hostel/hotel for visitors
  • vt+prep+Ntake up quarters
安置   ān zhì OC: qaan tɯɡs MC: ʔɑn ʈɨ 2 Attributions
  • VPireside temporarily
寄住   jì zhù OC: krals dos MC: kiɛ ɖi̯o 2 Attributions
  • VPidwell, live for a limited time
  • VPt(oN)figurativedwell in the contextually determinate place for a limited time
盤泊   pán bó OC: baan blaaɡ MC: bʷɑn bɑk 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)omreside at, dwell in a contextually determinate place
  • VPtoNN=placereside at, dwell in, stay in
   xìn OC: sins MC: sin 1 Attribution

Xìn 信 is sometimes used as a technical term for staying in a place for two nights.

  • vadV(dwelling) for one day (SHI)
  • viactSHI; ZUO Xiang 18: spend a couple of nights (below the city walls, presumably in tents)
   zuò OC: sɡools MC: dzʷɑ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNsit at a place > to live in/at; dwell in/at (this is a meaning common in vernacular texts of the Tang)
   shí OC: ɢljiɡ MC: ʑit 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbuild up the numbers of the population in, populate (an area)
   qī OC:  MC: sei 1 Attribution

Qī 棲 refers to a temporary or non-voluntary stay of any length, typically of an informal kind. See ROOST

  • vtoNuse as one's home
  • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to live in 棲身
   lǐ OC: ɡ-rɯʔ MC: lɨ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmake one's home in
住持   zhù chí OC: dos ɡrlɯ MC: ɖi̯o ɖɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPadNBUDDH: permant resident in a Buddhist monastery
居止   jū zhǐ OC: ka kljɯʔ MC: ki̯ɤ tɕɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPadNdwelling
掛錫   guà xī OC: kʷrees sleeɡ MC: kɣɛ sek 1 Attribution
  • VPichangeBUDDH: hang one's monk's staff on the wall > become a resident monk in a monastery (also liúxī 留錫)
舍處   shè chù OC: lʰas qhljas MC: ɕɣɛ tɕhi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NPdwelling place; home
駐泊   zhù bó OC: tos blaaɡ MC: ʈi̯o bɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)settle at a contextually determinate place
  • VPtoNanchor > settle (at a place)
   zhǔ OC: tjoʔ MC: tɕi̯o 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtreat as one's host for a night: dwell in 必主其家 "will inevitably stay in his home"
  • vt+prep+NSHIJI: spend a night in N
   yǐn OC: qɯnʔ MC: ʔɨn 1 Attribution
  • viactlive in hiding; live in obscurity; live in such a way as to hide from public life SHIJI: 與高祖隱 "lived in hiding together with Gaozu"
   dǐ OC: tjilʔ MC: tɕi 0 Attributions
  • viactcome to dwell, settle
   jiā OC: kraa MC: kɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nmake one's home in N; have one's home in N SHIJI: 家焉
屯 / 屯   zhūn OC: tun MC: ʈʷin tún OC: duun MC: duo̝n 0 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nbe encamped at
   zhù OC: tos MC: ʈi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vtoN{PLACE}set up camp in Npl
住在   zhù zài OC: dos sɡɯɯʔ MC: ɖi̯o dzəi 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNlive in
同舍   tóng shè OC: looŋ lʰas MC: duŋ ɕɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNlive in the same house/compound as N
隱居   yǐn jū OC: qɯnʔ ka MC: ʔɨn ki̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPiactlive in seclusion
隱淪   yǐn lún OC: qɯnʔ ɡ-run MC: ʔɨn lʷin 0 Attributions
  • VPiactlive in hiding
   guī OC: klul MC: kɨi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpost-Han: settle down in
   kè OC: khraaɡ MC: khɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNSHIJI: dwell as guest in the place N, stay as guest with N

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: