METHOD  方法

SYSTEM of ACTS USING which one is ABLE to OBTAIN AN AIM.
PROCEDURETECHNIQUESYSTEMPRACTICEROUTINEMODUS OPERANDIPROCESSSTRATEGYTACTICPLAN
Hypernym

SYSTEMTRANSPARENTLY OR EXPLICITLY ORDERED COMPLEX WHOLE. -> WHOLEPERFECT so as to LACK NONE OF ITS PARTS. -> PERFECTCOMPLETELY AND INTENSELY EXCELLENT. -> EXCELLENTFEATURE PREFERRED to OTHERS BECAUSE of certain ACTS, ABLE:abilities OR FEATURES. [NOTE THAT FEATURES CAN HAVE SECOND ORDER FEATURES...] -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

WAYLONG AND NARROW LEVEL PLACE ON which HUMANS GO TO PLACES OR TRAVEL TO DISTANT PLACES.SKILLFULABLE to ACT:do something BECAUSE one has LEARNT DEFINED METHODS.PLANTHINK ABOUT A COMPLEX ENDURING INTEND:intentionARTSSKILLS BELIEVED to be IMPORTANT FOR EDUCATION OR AMUSEMENT.

Hyponym
  • STANDARD ENDURINGLY USED METHOD, TYPICALLY SUPPORTED by some AUTHORITY, CAUSING one to be ABLE to JUDGE something.
  • ART One of the ARTS or a METHOD of PRODUCING BEAUTIFUL THINGS in order to AMUSE OR TEACH.
  • LANGUAGE METHOD USING SOUND USING which HUMANS MUTUALLY COMMUNICATE AND EXPRESS MEANING.
  • RELIGION CUSTOMARY METHOD of ACTING BASED a STANDARD of SHOULD:obligatory SACRED BELIEFS OR FAITH.
    • WITCHCRAFT SUPERNATURAL METHOD OF SHAMANS.
      • MATHEMATICAL METHOD METHOD USED for MATHEMATICS.
        • ARCHITECTURE METHOD of BUILDing BUILDINGS.
          • ROLE DEFINED METHOD of ACTING one MUST USE in a SOCIETY.
            • STATUS ROLE in a GROUP OR in a SOCIETY.
              • RANK FORMAL PUBLIC STATUS.
          • BEHAVIOUR ENDURING METHOD of ACTING.
            • GLANCE METHOD of LOOKING.
              • CHIROMANCY METHOD of GUESSING the BASIC NATURE of a HUMAN by OBSERVING his/her HAND.
                • PHYSIOGNOMY METHOD of OBSERVING the BODY of someone and GUESSING his REAL NATURE.
                  • CHIROMANCY METHOD of GUESSING the BASIC NATURE of a HUMAN by OBSERVING his/her HAND.
                  • RATIONALITY METHOD of BELIEVING ONLY WHAT ONE CAN EXPLAIN HOW ONE KNOWS.
                    • TECHNIQUE METHOD IN THE PRODUCTION OF ART.
                      • LOT METHOD OF MAKING A PUBLIC DECISION BY CAUSING IT THE DECISION TO BE BY COINCIDENCE.
                        Old Chinese Criteria

                        1. The most general word for method or technique is shù 術, and the professional technique here referred is typically publicly accessible.

                        2. Fāng 方 refers to a professional and often esoteric and/or recondite skill or trick.

                        3. Fǎ 法 is a regular rule-governed procedure governing the proper exercise of a skill.

                        4. Dào 道 is a way of being as well as a way of doing things, and this Way may be either exoteric or esoteric.

                        5. Duān 端 refers to a basic method or the important features of a method.

                        學有次第而後大成 "When study has method, only then will it greatly succeed." ( 宋. 歐陽修 )

                        Modern Chinese Criteria

                        辦法 / 措施

                        方法 is the technical Westernised term for a method.

                        法子 is an informal word for a way of handling things.

                        辦法 is colloquial word referring to means of solving a practical problem.

                        手段 refers to an informal and possibly unallowable way of handling something.

                        巧門兒 refers apporovingly to commendable trick or knack for getting something done.

                        法門 is an institutionalised method of handling a problem area.

                        步驟 refers to the methodical steps taken as part of a method.

                        手法 refers (often pejoratively) to a quick way of going about something, or a trick.

                        方式 can refer to a manner, pattern or style of handling something.

                        章程 refers to a sancitioned prescription on how something must be done.

                        抓撓 refers specifically to a way out of difficulties and is marginal in the group.

                        長法 refers specifically to long-term problem-solving.

                        不二法門

                        rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

                        • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 9.992

                        • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 467

                          ARS est scientia, res, rerumque naturas rite tractandi. Sive, est ratione et usu acquisita vis agenti, voluntariarum operationum directrix.

                        • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

                          WAY

                          doctrina refers to a certain intellectual discipline pursued within a particual specialisation.

                          eruditio refers to the psychological and spiritual crowning result of the specialised study of doctrinae.

                          exercitatio refers to the professional facility and familiarity with a certain subject that is the result of study.

                        • Semantica del Griego Antiguo ( HERNANDEZ 2000) p. 42n.170

                          techne in Plato.

                        • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

                          DISCIPLINA

                        • 論衡同義詞研究 ( LUNHENG TONGYI 2004) p. 91

                        • 論衡同義詞研究 ( LUNHENG TONGYI 2004) p. 97

                        • Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache ( MAUTHNER WP 1924) p. III.267

                        • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 3.593

                        • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 4.1268

                          TECHNIQUE

                        • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 5.1305

                          METHODE

                        • Das griechische Technik-Verständnis ( SCHNEIDER 1989) p.

                        • Historisches Woerterbuch der Rhetorik ( UEDING 1992ff) p. 1.1009

                        • Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy ( ZHANG DAINIAN 2002) p. 11

                        • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 9

                        • Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary ( TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996) p. 14

                        • 跟我學同義詞 ( CAI SHAOWEI 2010) p. 30

                        • Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae ( DIVISIONES 1906) p. B 37

                        Attributions by syntactic funtion

                        • NPab : 157
                        • nab : 122
                        • nab.post-V{NUM} : 25
                        • nab.post-N : 17
                        • NPpro V{PRED} : 13
                        • nab.-V : 12
                        • NPab : 8
                        • NP : 7
                        • nab.post-V : 6
                        • NPpro+V:postN : 6
                        • NPpro-V : 4
                        • vtoN : 4
                        • NPab.adV : 3
                        • nab.adV : 2
                        • vi : 2
                        • VPi : 1
                        • nab{PRED} : 1
                        • NPab.c : 1
                        • nadN : 1
                        • nab.t:post-N : 1

                        Attributions by text

                        • 祖堂集 : 57
                        • 荀子 : 37
                        • 說苑 : 37
                        • 臨濟錄 : 27
                        • 韓非子 : 24
                        • 百喻經 : 23
                        • 法句經 : 21
                        • 孟子 : 18
                        • 莊子 : 15
                        • 管子 : 14
                        • 呂氏春秋 : 14
                        • 論衡 : 11
                        • 孝經 : 11
                        • 淮南子 : 11
                        • 妙法蓮華經 : 10
                        • 六祖壇經 : 9
                        • 賢愚經 : 9
                        • 孫子 : 5
                        • 禮記 : 4
                        • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
                        • 法言 : 4
                        • 墨子 : 3
                        • 列子 : 3
                        • 戰國策 : 3
                        • 陸機集十一卷 : 3
                        • 楚辭 : 2
                        • 尹文子 : 2
                        • 春秋左傳 : 2
                        • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
                        • 蔡中郎集 : 1
                        • 春秋公羊傳 : 1
                        • 黃帝內經 : 1
                        • 合陰陽釋文 : 1
                        • 鶡冠子 : 1
                        • 韓詩外傳 : 1
                        • 長短經 : 1
                        • 鹽鐵論 : 1

                        Words

                           dào OC: ɡ-luuʔ MC: dɑu 100 Attributions

                        Dào 道 is a way of being, of functioning, as well as a way of doing things, and this Way may be either exoteric or esoteric.

                        • nab.post-Nthe proper way of V-ing; the proper role of an N, the proper way of being an N
                        • nab.post-V{NUM}methodway of doing things
                        • nab.post-V{NUM}methodmethods, basic orientations
                        • nabbuddhistBUDDH: the Buddhist truth; the Buddhist way; skr. mārga
                        • nabideologicalideology, standard way of thinking imposed on a group or dominating a group
                        • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: method
                        • nabmetaphysicalthe (morally correct) Way; the proper non-substance-like abstract metaphysical principle ensuring that all is well in the world
                        • nabmethodmass noun that can be counted and specified as being somebody's: way, or the way of doing something; ways (of the world)
                        • nadNbent on the Way
                        • viactfollow the proper Way; follow a definite method
                        • vtoNtake as one's method/way/Way
                        • nab.post-Nthe proper Way for an N
                        • nabsocialnegative: way of behaviour
                        • nab{PRED}be the proper Way
                        • nab.adVin accordance with the way
                        • nab.post-Vway of V-ing
                        • nab.post-Nthe way of N-ing
                        法度   fǎ duó MC: pjop dak OC: pab ɡ-laaɡ 34 Attributions
                        • NPabsystematic administrative procedures
                        • DELETEactfollow systematic administrative procedures
                        • VPiactread fǎ dù follow systematic administrative procedures
                        • VPadNin accordance with the prescribed administrative procedures
                        • VPibe in accordance with prescribed systematic administrative rules
                        佛法   fó fǎ OC: bɯd pab MC: bi̯ut pi̯ɐp 28 Attributions
                        • NPabmethodBUDDH: the method of Buddha > the Buddhist teachings > Buddhism; skr. Buddha-dharma
                        所以   suǒ yǐ OC: sqraʔ k-lɯʔ MC: ʂi̯ɤ jɨ 25 Attributions
                        • NPabmethodmethods and motives
                        • NPpro+V:postNthe means by which; the ways in which [This phrase precedes a V which modifies it. This situation is not smoothly expressed in our formulaic language.]
                        • NPpro V{PRED}the means by which, the way in which
                        • NPpro-Vthe means or method by which the explicit or implicit subject of V V-s: that by means of which
                           fǎ OC: pab MC: pi̯ɐp 24 Attributions

                        Fǎ 法 is a regular rule-governed procedure governing the proper exercise of a skill.

                        • nab.post-V{NUM}methodmethod; model ( we can say cǐ fǎ 此法 "this method")
                        • nab.post-V{NUM}actmethod
                        • nab.t:post-Nmethodmethod regarding N, method of conducting N
                        • nabmedicalmedical method, cure
                        • nabbuddhistBUDDH: the method> the Buddhist teaching; SANSKRIT: dharma
                           shù OC: ɢljud MC: ʑʷit 24 Attributions

                        The most general word for method or technique is shù 術, and the professional technique here referred is typically publicly accessible.

                        • nab.post-V{NUM}methodprofessional method; professional technique; professional competence; consciously cultivated method of conducting one's affairs, "philosophy"
                        • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: mathematical procedure, a term which in Song-Yuan mathematical texts came to be replaced by 法 "method". The expression 算術 "mathematical procedure" makes explicit how 術 alone is understood throughout JZ. 術曰 regularly specifies a well-defined mathematical procedure. Some of these procedures have technical terms referring to them. E.g. 今有術 refers to a general procedure involving multiplication first, and then division, and while the order of these operations makes no difference regarding the mathematical results, the 術 definitely prescribes one order rather than the other.There are contexts in which 術 are specified with reference to the elements in the mathematical problems themselves which are in fact not repeated in the technical description of the 術. Thus, in such cases, the discourse describing these procedures 術 is embedded in the wider discourse of the text. They do not, then constitute instructions that may be properly understood outside the context in which they are proposed.On the other hand, certain procedures are in fact introduced and discussed outside the context of any given problem (as is the case for 今有術 ). These latter instances show that Chinese mathematicians had an interest in mathematical procedures as such, and not only in the pragmatic context of specific problem solution.JZ, Liu Hui's Preface, ed. Guo p. 178 因木望山之術 "the procedure relating to the problem of looking up a mountain relying on a tree". 於徽術 refers primarily to a procedure as defined by the commentator Liu Hui. However, there are instances where the reference is not to the procedure as such but to the numerical constants arrived at by Liu Hui. (It is worth noting how Liu Hui proudly personalises his dicourse about these constants.)JZ 5.11 為術之意 "the idea behind making the procedure" is a current phrase which indicates that procedures have two separate aspects: 1. they must predictably yield correct results; 2. they must realise an underlying mathematical 意 "idea, reasoning". Thus traditional Chinese mathematics were NOT satisfied when an opaque procedure appeared to yield the correct mathematical results, but routinely required the procedure itself to be a realisation of an underlying mathematical idea one had when constructing ( 為 ) the procedure.
                        • nadNprofessional, properly qualified
                        • viacttransmit or present one's method/philosophy (????)
                        • nab.post-Vproper technique, proper method of V-ing
                        • nabmethodtechnique; appropriate methods; methodology; art
                        • nab.post-Ntechnique; appropriate methods; methodology; art
                        法術   fǎ shù OC: pab ɢljud MC: pi̯ɐp ʑʷit 24 Attributions
                        • NPabmethodlaw-based art of government
                        • NPadNinformed by the law-based art of government
                        • NPabpluralmethod and techniques> methods, procedures
                        方便   fāng biàn OC: paŋ bens MC: pi̯ɐŋ biɛn 15 Attributions
                        • NPab.adVbuddhistwith skillful means; skillfully; as a matter of methodological convenience
                        • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: expedient means (to lead somebody to awakening or salvation; one of the key concepts in Mahāyāna Buddhism); sometimes also more generally used for any helpful method to achieve a goal (alternative and rarer translations include: 巧方便;權便;權方便;善權;善權方便); skr. upāya
                        • NPabmethodway of achieving one's end
                           yóu OC: liw MC: jɨu 14 Attributions
                        • nabpsychologicalwhat one follows> method, means, way 無由 "have no way to VERB"
                        • nab.-Vpsychologicalmethod to V
                        • nab(.-V)method to do so
                        因緣   yīn yuán OC: qin k-lon MC: ʔin jiɛn 10 Attributions
                        • NPab.cmetaphysicalBUDDH: opportune occasions
                        • NPabBUDDH: causes > causes / opportunity of teaching > 'case' (in Chán Buddhism sometimes referring to a specific method of instruction which consists of taking up a 'case' of old (which can consist of a question which was posed by a master, or can refer to a short dialogue between a master and his student, or the account of a teaching situation) and testing a Chán student with it); the term is closely related to 公案 (kooan) of the Song period)
                        • VPiactBUDDH: engage in the 因緣 method, basing oneself on available cases/opportunities
                        術數   shù shù OC: ɢljud sqros MC: ʑʷit ʂi̯o 10 Attributions
                        • NPabmethodadvanced practical methods (of any kind); systematic technique; methodology(!)
                           shù OC: sqros MC: ʂi̯o 9 Attributions
                        • nabmethoddefinite technique, precise method; strategem, trick
                           fāng OC: paŋ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 8 Attributions

                        Fāng 方 refers to a professional and often esoteric and/or recondite skill or trick.

                        • nab.post-V{NUM}methodmethods
                        • nabmethodbasic method, basic orientation; specialist method; definite method; by extension: definite point
                        • nadNprofessional, specialised
                        • nabprescribed standard or literary recipe
                        佛道   fó dào OC: bɯd ɡ-luuʔ MC: bi̯ut dɑu 8 Attributions
                        • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: the Way of the Buddha > Buddhist path; the Buddhist teaching; the Buddhist truth; skr. Buddha-mārga
                        意旨   yì zhǐ OC: qɯɡs kjiʔ MC: ʔɨ tɕi 8 Attributions
                        • NPabsemanticmeaning; intention (> doctrine; method of teaching)
                        法門   fǎ mén OC: pab mɯɯn MC: pi̯ɐp muo̝n 8 Attributions
                        • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: dharma gate > method of the dharma, method of practice (skr. dharmāmukha; dharma-mukha) > Buddhist philosophical lineage or school
                        三塗 / 三途   sān tú OC: saam laa MC: sɑm duo̝ sān tú OC: saam laa MC: sɑm duo̝ 5 Attributions
                        • NPBUDDH: three ways of life: of hell, of beasts, of hungry ghosts (see also 六道)
                        十二分教   shí èr fēn jiào OC: ɡjub njis pɯn kruus MC: dʑip ȵi pi̯un kɣɛu 5 Attributions
                        • NPabBUDDH: the teachings as described in the Buddhist canon divided into twelve divisions (in the Chán context often derogatory for all teachings based on written texts, as opposed to teachings based on experience)
                           lù OC: ɡ-raaɡs MC: luo̝ 4 Attributions
                        • nabfigurativethe right path; the proper path to follow in public life 義人之正路也
                        方法   fāng fǎ OC: paŋ pab MC: pi̯ɐŋ pi̯ɐp 4 Attributions
                        • NPabmedical method; method (also plural: methods)
                           fēng OC: plum MC: puŋ 3 Attributions
                        • nabactmethod, style, manner
                           quán OC: ɡron MC: giɛn 2 Attributions
                        • nab.adVas a method; as an expedient means
                        • nabbuddhistBUDDH: method (syn. to 方便 ) SOOTHILL: "The weight (on a steelyard), weight, authority, power; to balance, adjudge; bias, expediency, partial, provisional, temporary, positional; in Buddhist scriptures it is used like 方便 expediency, or temporary; it is the adversative of 實 "See DDB: http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?6b.xml+id('b6b0a')
                        方術   fāng shù OC: paŋ ɢljud MC: pi̯ɐŋ ʑʷit 2 Attributions
                        • nabmethodprofessional method
                        道品   dào pǐn OC: ɡ-luuʔ phrɯmʔ MC: dɑu phim 2 Attributions
                        • NPabmethodregulated good way of life
                           lǜ OC: b-rud MC: lʷin 1 Attribution
                        • naba systematic rule (for conduct)
                           duān OC: toon MC: tʷɑn 1 Attribution

                        Duān 端 refers to a basic method or the important features of a method.

                        • nabapproach, basic method (see BASIS); bearings
                           shǒu OC: qhljuʔ MC: ɕɨu 1 Attribution
                        • nabmethodcapital Buddhist methods
                        善法   shàn fǎ OC: ɡjenʔ pab MC: dʑiɛn pi̯ɐp 1 Attribution
                        • NPabmethodgood dharmas (i.e. Buddhist dharmas)
                        宗門   zōng mén OC: tsuuŋ mɯɯn MC: tsuo̝ŋ muo̝n 1 Attribution
                        • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: method of instruction, style of teaching, school (often concretely referring to the Chán School), doctrine
                        宗風   zōng fēng OC: tsuuŋ plum MC: tsuo̝ŋ puŋ 1 Attribution
                        • NPabmethod, style of teaching
                        手腳   shǒu jiǎo OC: hmljuʔ kaɡ MC: ɕɨu ki̯ɐk 1 Attribution
                        • NPabhands and feet > method, trick, device, means
                        方策   fāng cè OC: paŋ skhreeɡ MC: pi̯ɐŋ ʈʂhɣɛk 1 Attribution
                        • NPabdevice, means, strategies
                        方計   fāng jì OC: paŋ kiis MC: pi̯ɐŋ kei 1 Attribution
                        • NPabmethodway of dealing with things, alternative
                        法水   fǎ shuǐ OC: pab qhjulʔ MC: pi̯ɐp ɕi 1 Attribution
                        • NPabmethodthe "water" of the Buddhist dharma
                        準直   zhǔn zhí OC: kljunʔ dɯɡ MC: tɕʷin ɖɨk 1 Attribution
                        • NPguidelines
                        漚和   ōu hé OC: qoo ɡool MC: ʔu ɦʷɑ 1 Attribution
                        • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: phonetic transliteration of upāya 'expedient means' ( 方便 ) (usually appearing in the compounds 漚和拘舍羅 and 漚和俱舍羅 upāya-kauṣalya) See DDB: http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?50.xml+id('b50b4-548c-62d8-820d-7f85')
                        道分   dào fèn OC: ɡ-luuʔ bɯns MC: dɑu bi̯un 1 Attribution
                        • NPabmethodthe relevant part of the Way > the aspect of the Way that is relevant to one
                        八正道   bā zhèng dào OC: preed tjeŋs ɡ-luuʔ MC: pɣɛt tɕiɛŋ dɑu 1 Attribution
                        • NPsubject=humanadherents of the Noble Eightfold Path
                        • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: Noble Eightfold Path; SANSKRIT ārya-aṣṭānNga-mārga, PALI ariya-aṭṭhanNgika-magga
                        甘露門   gān lù mén OC: kaam ɡ-raaɡs mɯɯn MC: kɑm luo̝ muo̝n 1 Attribution
                        • NPabBUDDH: the gate of sweet dew > the Buddhist teaching
                        聊以   liáo yǐ MC: lew yiX OC: b-ruu k-lɯʔ 1 Attribution
                        • NPab.adVby this method
                           yuán MC: -- OC: ɢon 1 Attribution
                        • nabderivedprecise circle: prescribed (traditional) literary method
                           zhōng OC: krluŋ MC: ʈuŋ 0 Attributions
                        • nabmethodmiddle Way
                        • vibe even-handed
                        方謀   fāng móu OC: paŋ mɯ MC: pi̯ɐŋ mɨu 0 Attributions
                        • NPabBUDDH ?? strategy, means LOTUS(B): 94c4 如來至真等正覺所設方謀甚深
                        異端   yì duān OC: p-lɯɡs toon MC: jɨ tʷɑn 0 Attributions

                        divergent approaches

                        • NPpluraldivergent approaches
                        真道   zhēn dào OC: tjin ɡ-luuʔ MC: tɕin dɑu 0 Attributions
                        • NPabmethodtrue Way
                        道術   dào shù OC: ɡ-luuʔ ɢljud MC: dɑu ʑʷit 0 Attributions
                        • NPabprofessional skills;
                        都術   dū shù OC: k-laa ɢljud MC: tuo̝ ʑʷit 0 Attributions
                        • NPabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: general method
                        人之道   rén zhī dào OC: njin kljɯ ɡ-luuʔ MC: ȵin tɕɨ dɑu 0 Attributions
                        • NPab.cmethodWay of humans (as opposed to the cosmic Way of things)
                        今有術   jīn yǒu shù OC: krɯm ɢʷɯʔ ɢljud MC: kim ɦɨu ʑʷit 0 Attributions
                        • NPabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
                        八聖道   bā shèng dào OC: preed qhljeŋs ɡ-luuʔ MC: pɣɛt ɕiɛŋ dɑu 0 Attributions
                        • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: Noble Eightfold Path (see 八正道)
                           mén OC: mɯɯn MC: muo̝n 0 Attributions
                        • nabmethodconvenient and correct way of proceeding
                            MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
                        • NPab.adVby this method
                            MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
                        • nabmethod to be used
                           yǐ MC: yiX OC: k-lɯʔ 0 Attributions
                        • DELETEmethod to be used
                        • DELETEmethod use in order to V 有以 無以
                            MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
                        • NPabsystematic administrative procedures
                            MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
                        • nabderivedprecise circle: prescribed (traditional) literary method
                           yòng  MC: yowngH  OC: k-loŋs  0 Attributions
                        • nabconcrete procedure, practical method

                        Existing SW for

                        Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: