TRY  嘗試

ACT, BUT DOUBT WHETHER one WILL be SUCCESSFUL ACTING.
ATTEMPTENDEAVORVENTUREMAKE AN EFFORTEXERT ONESELFSTRIVEDO ONE'S BESTDO ONE'S UTMOSTMOVE HEAVEN AND EARTHUNDERTAKEAIMTAKE IT UPON ONESELFINFORMAL HAVE A GOGIVE IT ONE'S BEST SHOTBEND OVER BACKWARDSBUST A GUTDO ONE'S DAMNEDESTPULL OUT ALL THE STOPSGO ALL OUTKNOCK ONESELF OUTFORMAL ESSAY
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for trying is shì 試, but the word generally refers to brief attempts rather than a concerted lasting campaign.

2. Cháng 嘗 "make an attempt at" typically takes nominal objects, and the attempt referred to is typically of a transient kind.

3. Qiú 求 refers to a sustained attempt to achieve a result.

NB: There are apparently no nominal uses of any of these words. It will be interesting to find a case of a nominalised "attempt".

Modern Chinese Criteria

試試

嘗試

試試看

努力

試驗

試作

触球

設法

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

APRESJAN 2004 Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka 905

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 9.99

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 489

CONATUS est ad aliqvid efficiendum virium intensio. Reqv. 1. aliquid bonum, arduum tamen 2. qvod tamen superatu speratur possibile. 3. si vires intendantur.

Ax. 1. Failia conatu non egent.

2. Ubi nulla spes superandi, nullus conatus.

3. ardua sino conatu non superantur.

Opus qvo magis arduum, eo intensionem reqvirit majorem.

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

TRY

tentare refers to making an experiment in order to form a judgment of something, from a desire of knowledge.

peiclitari refers to making an experiment with courage and contempt of the danger associated with the experiment.

experiri is merely to learn something by trying it out.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 148

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

CONATUS

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.286.243

EXPERIENCE.ESSAI.EPREUVE

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 59B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vt+V[0] : 38
  • vpostadV : 7
  • vtoN : 2
  • VPtoN : 2
  • VPt+V[0] : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 12
  • 春秋左傳 : 10
  • 論語 : 5
  • 臨濟錄 : 5
  • 祖堂集 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   qiú OC: ɡu MC: gɨu 23 Attributions

Qiú 求refers to a sustained attempt to achieve a result.

  • vt+V[0]seek to, make every effort to V 求仙 "try to become an immortal" 求及
  • vt+V[0]copulatry to become
  • vt+V[0]V=passivetry to be V-ed
   shì OC: lʰɯɡs MC: ɕɨ 15 Attributions

The current general word for trying is shì 試, but the word generally refers to brief attempts rather than a concerted lasting campaign.

  • vt+V[0]try to, make an effort to
  • vtoNtry (a task etc)
   kàn OC: khaans MC: khɑn 7 Attributions
  • vpostadVrequestV and investigate > try to V, V and see what happens (already appearing in sūtra translations of the Sui period (see LI WEIQI 2004: 194); the verbal phrase it follows can be complex and consist of a vt+N; in the colloquial language of the Tang this construction became increasingly popular, expressing mild requests; sometimes also defined as sentence final particle)
嘗試   cháng shì OC: djaŋ lʰɯɡs MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ ɕɨ 4 Attributions
  • VPt+prep+Nattempt to do something for N
  • VPt+V[0]try (to do something)
  • VPtoNtry (something) out
   cháng OC: djaŋ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

Cháng 嘗 "make an attempt at" typically takes nominal objects, and the attempt referred to is typically of a transient kind.

  • vt(+V[0])try to do the contextually determinate thing
  • vtoNmake an attempt at, give a try
  • vt+V[0]try to V

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: