Taxonomy of meanings for 生:

  • shèng (OC: sreŋs MC: ʃɯaŋ) 所敬切 去 廣韻:【所敬切又所京切三 】
  • shēng (OC: sraaŋ MC: ʃɯaŋ) 所庚切 平 廣韻:【生長也易曰天地之大德曰生又姓出姓苑所庚切十 】
    • ARISE
      • nsubjectthing that has originated
      • nabprocessemergence, arising
      • vadNthat has arisen, that has materialised; that is arising; (of moon) that begins to wax
      • viperfectiveoriginate; come to emerge; be naturally found in (of inanimate subjects), occur naturally in
      • vt+prep+Npassive?arise from 生於
      • vt+prep+NPab{S}arise from S being the case
      • vt0oN{SUBJ}changearise; appear 生民; come to birth (with postposed subject)
      • vt prep Nmiddle voicebe produced> arise from; arise therefrom
      • vtoNcausativecause to come into existence, cause to exist
      • BIRTH
        • nabbuddhistbirth (as part of the fours phases of birth, continuation, change, and extinction)
        • nabprocessbirth
        • nabprocesscycle of rebirths; rebirth
        • vadNborn, birth- (as in birth-place), rebirth- (as in rebirth-station)
        • v-p.adVfrom birth; at birth 生而
        • vi+N{PLACE}be born in N; be reborn in
        • viactreproduce, have offspring; give birth to things
        • vimiddle voicebe born
        • vimiddle voiceget born; be born
        • virebirthbe reborn
        • vt(+N[INDEF])give birth to indefinite and omitted N
        • vt(oN)give birth to the contextually determinate N
        • vt+prep+Nbe born in N; get reborn in N
        • vtoNgive birth to; cause to come into existence
        • vtoNcausativecause to be born; engender
        • vtoNfigurativegive birth to (oneself)
        • vtoNsubject=maleprocreate
        • vt prep Nbe born at the time N
        • vt prep Nbe born from, originate from
        • vtoNmiddle voicederived: begin to grow, begin to sprout
        • BEGET
          • vtoNbeget
          • vtoNfigurative(cosmologically) produce, be the source of
          • REAR
            • vtoNrear; nourish; get to flourish; provide for
          • CHILD
            • nmoffspring
            • who is shaped by others>STUDENT
              • nstudent (examples late)
          • who shapes others>TEACHER
            • nlearned gentleman
            • npost-Nprmaster, Mr (always placed after a proper name)
            • generalised>GENTLEMAN
              • nintellectual, educated person 諸生
          • newly begotten>FRESH
            • vadNfresh, new; uncooked
            • vibe fresh
            • specifically>UNCOOKED
              • vad.VtoNreference=NV-ing it in uncooked state
              • vadNuncooked (and fresh); raw
          • be begotten>LIVE
            • viinchoativestart to live, come to life, waken
            • nabpsychlife, way of life, conditions of life
            • nabfeaturestate of being alive; life; survival; sometimes even: livelihood 治生 "look after one's livelihood"
            • nabtimelifespan, the stretch of time one is alive 長生
            • v[adN]pluralthe living, those who are alive; living creatures
            • vadNalive, live; living; occurring during one's lifetime
            • vadVstativein a living state, while alive; sometimes the reference is to the object: while still alive 生燒人
            • vadVwhole lifeall one's life
            • viconativetry to survive
            • vicontinuousbe alive; remain alive
            • vt+prep+Nlive in (times N)
            • vtoNcausativebe left alive; be made to survive
            • vtoNcontinuouslive in a place 生世上
            • vtoNcausativegive life
            • vtoNcausativecause to be a living creature; cause to survive; cause to have a good life
            • nabfeature=vitalityvitality; living quality
            • vt prep Nlive in (place N)
            • living being>CREATURE
              • npluralliving being (often clearly including humans, but frequently indistinguishable from the examples collected under ANIMAL)
            • lifespan>LIFE
              • nabtime(nab.post-N) lifespan of the contextually determinate N
              • nab(.post-N)reflexivethe life of the contextually determinate N
              • nab(quality of, kind of) life
            • what has been begotten>ANIMAL
              • v[adN]living animal, creature =生物
          • catch animal alive>CATCH
            • vtoNcatch alive (Han, Sima Xiangru 上林賦)
            • generalised>ENDURING
              • vadVall one's life
          • post-Han colloquial: persistent and strong>INTENSELY
            • ppostadV(colloquial) suffix after verbs expressing high degree or intensity (often appearing together with intensifying adverb tài 太)
          • specifically>GROW
            • vt+prep+Nobject=sourcegrow from N
            • vichangegrow, have one's habitat (as crops)
            • vt+prep+Ngrow in (a place N)
            • vt0oN{SUBJ}there grow N
            • vtoN{PLACE}grow in a place
            • vt V(0)V=passivebe caused to grow
            • vt prep Ninchoativecome to grow in N
            • vtoNcausativemake N grow, allow N to grow
          • generalised>PRODUCE
            • nabactengendering things, originating things
            • vt(oN)produce a contextually determinate thing
            • vt+prep+Nfigurativeproduce
            • vtoNcausativecause to grow, grow (grain); produce; give rise to; be the origin of, originate
            • vtoNcausativegive rise to; produce
            • vtoNfigurativeBUDDH: produce (psychological reactions)
            • nabkindstypes of production, kinds of engendering
            • WORK
              • nabact(enjoy one's) work
      • specifically>BEGIN
        • vt+V[0]give rise to > begin to V