Taxonomy of meanings for 將:

  • jiàng (OC: skaŋs MC: tsiɐŋ) 子亮切 去 廣韻:【將帥 】
  • jiāng (OC: skaŋ MC: tsiɐŋ) 即良切 平 廣韻:【送也行也大也助也辝也又姓後趙録有常山太守將容即良切又子諒切六 】
  • 將 jiāng (OC: skaŋ MC: tsiɐŋ) 即良切 平 廣韻:【送也行也大也助也辝也又姓後趙録有常山太守將容即良切又子諒切六 】
    • FUTURE
      • vt+V[0]{PASS}will be Ved
      • vt+V[0]be about to; will in the future; be going to
      • vt+V[0]irrealiswould (in the future or in a purely hypothetical case)
      • vt+V[0]non-immediatewill, be about to (often not immediate future)
      • vt+V[0]pastindicates future in the past: was about to; were about to
      • (ID MISSING)will in the future (in construction with another vt+V)
      • vt+V1.postV2in order to
      • consequently, afterwards>THEN
        • PERHAPS
          • vadVperhaps
          • or possibly>OR
            • padS1.adS2either (or) 將。。。其
            • vadS1.post-S2or else
            • hypothetical/counterfactual>COUNTERFACTUAL
              • vt+V[0].post-Swould have; would (in that entirely hypothetical case)
              • vadVwould ever (in questions)?
          • liklely possibility>PROBABLE
            • vadVwill naturally, will presumably; will probably; often with questions: possibly?
      • INTEND
        • vt+V[0]will V; is willing to V; have the intention to
        • BEGIN
          • vt+V[0]set out to V (SHU)
          • go on to do>ACT
          • LEAD
            • v[adN]N=humanleader; high level official
            • vt(oN.)adVleading the contextually determinate N along
            • vt(oN)be in command of a contextually determinate campaign
            • vtoN.-V[0]lead N to V
            • vtoN.adVleading along N to V
            • vtoNact as a general for (an army on a campaign), be in command of as general; lead (a large number of people on a mission); lead along (one's wife etc)
            • vtoNfigurativelead along > take along with one; guide along a good path; guide along
            • leading so as to be powerful>POWER
              • vibe powerful
            • leading along>WITH
              • vtoN.adVinstrumental coverb: using, by means of, through (coverb of instrument)
            • PUSH
              • vtoNhold with both hands and push
            • one who leads armed forces>GENERAL
              • ngeneral, commander
              • npost=Nprgeneral of N
              • viactact as general
              • vtoNcausativeoccasionally in derived verbal sense: employ as general
            • HOLD
              • vtoNcarry along, bring, take
              • hold up abstractly>SUPPORT
                • vtoNarchaic, SHI: support
              • inchoative>TAKE
                • vtoNtake N (and go on to V)
            • grammaticalised: take so as to use>USE
              • vtoNemploy, use
            • grammaticalised, dispose of>OBJECT MARKER
              • vt(+N.)adVt把這個東西
              • vt(oN1.)+VtoN2N1 and N2 coreferential把這個東西
              • vtoN.adVtaking N to go on to V it> object marker
              • vtoNpro.adVttmarker of the diposal form (with ditransitive main verbs of the semantic category {to give}
      • qiāng 將
        • SHOULD
          • vt+V[0]should
          • express the hope that the addressee would> qiāng 將REQUEST
            • vttoN.+V[0]read qia1ng: hope and ask for N to V (SHI)