Taxonomy of meanings for 然:

  • rán (OC: njen MC: ȵiɛn) 如延切 平 廣韻:【語助又如也是也説文曰燒也俗作燃又姓左傳楚有然舟何氏姓苑云今蒼梧人如延切九 】
    • be like this>RESEMBLE
      • vi(0)post-.VtoNas in 若天地然
      • vi{=vt+npro}to be so, to be like this, to be such (stands for verbal predicate)
      • vtoNcausativecause to be so
      • vtoNreflexive.自cause oneself to be so
      • vi{=vt+npro}actbe like this> be the case
      • vt(oN)causativecause contextually determinate object to be so
      • vi.postS{SUBJ}be like this situation/case> be like the case of S
      • vt(oNpro)be like the contextually determinate Npro
      • be so>TRUE
        • nabfactualprevailing conditions, what prevails; what is so; (something's) being so
        • vi(0)sentence pro-formthe contextually determinate S is true; it is so (mostly, the word in this meaning is used pro-sententially, as a pro-sentence)
        • vigradedbe the case; be right (of a proposition); sometimes: be conceivable 甚然"this is very much so"
        • visubject=wordsbe true (of words)
        • vt(oN)causativecause something to be so, cause things to be like that; cause someone to do the contextually determinate thing.
        • vtoNputativeconsider to be true
        • turn out to be true>HAPPEN
          • viprocesshappen, be so
        • declare to be true>ASSENT
          • vtoNagree that something is the case; be ready to accept; take advice
        • act thus>ACT
          • vi{=vt+npro}act thus, act in this way, behave in this way
        • be true nonetheless>NONETHELESS
          • vadS1.post-S2this being so> however; but
    • loan for 焉>PRONOUN
      • nproloan for yān 焉
    • loan for 燃BURN
      • vtoNinchoativeto start burning; to be lit
      • viignite; get lit, start burning; burn (MO) for 燃
      • vtoNcausativeignite (something), cause something to start burning
      • vadNlit up
      • vt(oN)light up the contextually determinate N