Taxonomy of meanings for 相:

  • xiàng (OC: sqaŋs MC: siɐŋ) 息亮切 去 廣韻:【視也助也扶也仲虺爲湯左相漢書曰相國丞相皆秦官金印紫綬掌丞天子助理万物亦州名春秋時屬晉秦邯鄲郡地魏初以東部爲陽平郡西部爲廣平郡兼魏王都爲三魏後魏置 相州取河亶甲居相之義周自故鄴移於安陽城也又姓後秦録有馮翊相雲作德獵賦又漢複姓三氏前趙録有偏將軍相里覽又務相氏廪君之姓也晉惠時空相機殺平南將軍孟觀息亮切又息良切一 】
  • xiāng (OC: sqaŋ MC: siɐŋ) 息良切 平 廣韻:【共供也瞻視也崔豹古今注云相風烏夏禹作亦相思木名又姓出姓苑又息亮切 】
    • xiàng 相APPEARANCE
      • n{PRED}have the physiognomy of
      • nabfeatureexternal image, appearance 善相"appearance of excellence"
      • nabbuddhistBUDDH: characteristic; mark; distinguishing feature; sometimes trans. skr. lakṣana
      • xiàng 相PHYSIOGNOMY
        • vtoNadjudicate, assess; observe carefully; often specifically: physiognomise by examining the whole body and not only the face
        • seek by physiognomy> xiàng 相SEEK
          • vtoNlook out carefully for
        • xiàng 相ASSESS
          • vtoNassess professionally by physiognomy applied to all parts of the body
      • xiàng 相FEATURE
        • nabmetaphysicalBUDDH: feature
    • xiàng 相HELP
      • vtoNassist importantly; act as an important assistant to
      • vtt(oN.)+V[0]help the implicit N to V
      • vtoNderivedsupport aesthetically
      • xiàng 相ASSISTANT
        • nhelper; assistant 十六相
        • viactact as an administrative assistant
        • vt(oN)act as an assistant to a contextually determinate person)
        • vtoNact as administrative assistant to
        • vtoNN=humanact as assistant to 相夫子"act as an assistant to the master"
        • vtoNcausativemake one's assistant
        • xiàng 相OFFICIAL
          • ndirector of ceremonies (ZUO)
          • viactmaster of ceremonies
          • xiàng 相MINISTER
            • nprime minister (in any country, including Chǔ 楚)
            • nabsocialprime ministership; position of a prime minister 受相 "accept the position of prime minister"
            • nadNprime minister's 相印
            • ntprime minister of N
            • viactserve as prime minister
            • vichangebecome Prime Minister
            • vtoNcausativemake into a prime minister, install as prime minister
            • vtoNcausativebe made a minister
            • vtoNobject=rulerguide and assist (primarily as prime minister or the like)
            • vtoNN=stateact as prime minister for (a state); become prime minister of
            • vttoN1.+N2causativemake N1 prime minister in N2
            • npost-N{PLACE}prime minister of N
            • nab(post-N)prime ministership of the contextually determinate state of N
            • vt(oN)act as prime minister in N
            • vichangebecome a minister
            • npost-Nprminister of Npr
        • institution a minister heads> xiàng 相OFFICE
          • act as minister for> xiàng 相GOVERN
            • vtoNbe in charge of, oversee (e.g. a state, or a clan/family)
          • more generally> xiàng 相LEAD
            • nagentguide (for the blind)
      • each other> xiāng 相MUTUAL
        • npro{OBJ}+Vtobjectone another
        • npro+Vt+None another's N
      • object-pronoun> xiāng 相PRONOUN
        • npro{OBJ}+Vtdefinitethe object(s), this, him; them; the other
        • npro VtoNeach others' N 相亂國 “vt each others' state"
        • npro Vtobjectthe object(s) (of Vt)
        • object me> xiāng 相EGO
          • npro{OBJ}+Vtme
        • object you> xiāng 相YOU
          • npro{OBJ}+Vtyou (preposed object)