Taxonomy of meanings for 故:

  • gù (OC: kaas MC: kuo) 古暮切 去 廣韻:【舊也事也常也又姓出姓苑 】
    • gù 故PAST
      • nabdimension1. the past; 2. what is ancient, antiquity
      • nadNpre-existing, the earlier, early; former; belonging to a bygone age, old; old-established
      • nadVformerly; before
      • having a long past> gù 故OLD
        • nsubjectthe old ones
        • vadNold
        • vibe old
        • v[adN]what is old; what is pre-existing
        • familiar person from the past> gù 故FRIEND
          • nindefinitefriends
        • familiar place from the past> gù 故HOME
          • nadNhome N (city etc) 故都
          • vtoNattitudinaltreat as one's ancestral home
        • old/earliest event causing the present> gù 故ORIGIN
          • nabdispositionoriginal abilities
          • nadNoriginal
      • typically past, assured thing> gù 故THING
        • nab.post-Nsubject matter constituted by N; affairs regarding N; business regarding N
        • nabproblemthings to do; affairs 周室多故 "the house of Zhou has many problematic affairs". (GUOYU)
        • unfortunate thing/event> gù 故DISASTER
          • nabeventincident; disastrous altercations; irregular occurrences
          • viinvolve serious ritual irregularities
    • past causing the present> gù 故CAUSE
      • nabmetaphysicalprecedent, antecedent; what is behind something, background, cause; reasons behind; basic features SHUOWEN: 使為之也。
      • npost-Nthe reason N [should perhaps be npost=N]
      • npost-NN=situationreason for N
      • subjective cause gù 故REASON
        • nab.post-NN's reason
        • abstract: gù 故RATIONAL
          • nabpsychreasoning; reasonable psychological background
      • gù 故THEREFORE
        • nadS1.postS2mathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
        • nadS1.postS2objective reasonthe result is; consequently
        • nadS1.postS2subjective reasontherefore, consequently
        • nadV.postN{SUBJ}:postStherefore; thus; and similarly [new paragraph]; the point is thusNOTE: the syntax is nadV.postS
        • (ID MISSING)as a result, consequently 臣故食之
        • having weighed reasons> gù 故INTEND
          • nabactwhat is done intentionally
          • nadVdeliberately, insistently, persistently
          • viactact deliberately
      • as in the past> gù 故STILL
        • nadVstill, as before
    • =顧 gù 故BUT
      • padS1.post-S2on the contrary, instead; however; occasionally: on the other hand in return??