Taxonomy of meanings for 若:

  • ruò (OC: njaɡ MC: ȵiɐk) 而灼切 入 廣韻:【如也順也汝也辝也又杜若香草亦姓魯人也又虜三字姓後魏書若口引氏後改爲宼氏而灼切十一 】
  • rě (OC: njaʔ MC: ȵia) 人者切 上 廣韻:【乾草又般若出釋典又虜複姓二氏周書若于惠傳曰其先與魏俱起以國爲姓後燕録有歩兵校尉若久和人者切又人勺切三 】
  • ré (OC: nja MC: ȵia) 人賒切 平 廣韻:【蜀地名出巴中記人賖切又惹弱二音二 】
    • ruò 若RESEMBLE
      • vadV若易 seeming to
      • vt[0]oN.postadVobjectlike
      • vt[0]oN.postadVsubject(V) like the subject N
      • vt[0]oN.postadVlike N
      • vtoN.adVlike; to the extend of (something)
      • vtoN若垂天之雲 "be like clouds hanging from the sky": be like, resemble
      • vtoNreflexive.自resemble (oneself)> be the same as before
      • vtoN1.adN2resembling 若此人
      • vtoNPab{S}.postVhe VERBed as if Sn
      • vtoNPab{S}it is as if S
      • vtoS.postadVhe VERBed as if S
      • vtoSit is as if S; as when
      • vtoV1.postadV2to V2 in the way one is V1-ing> like, just as
      • vto.N1(adN2)be like N1's contextually determinate feature N2
      • resemble so as to be reach in quality> ruò 若EQUAL
        • vt(oN)come up to a contextually determined level or standard
        • vtoNcome up to the standards of, be as good as
        • vtoNabbe as good as V-ing [The syntactic category is experimental...]
        • ruò 若REACH
          • vtoNGUOYU: reach
      • abstractly: ruò 若SEEM
        • vt0+SZUO: it seems that S
        • vadVapparently; seemingly
        • grammaticalised: only seemingly> ruò 若AS IF
          • vadVas it were, German: gleichsam; Danish: ligesom; it is as if
          • vt+V[0]V=stative大巧若拙 be as if Ving
          • vt+V1.postadV2V2 as if V1-ing
          • vtoN1.postadVtoN2as if it was, i.e. Vt the object N2 as if it was an N1
          • vt0oV(0)It is as if one V-s
    • act like this> ruò 若ACT
      • vtoN.+npro{Q}若君何 "How should we treat our ruler?"
      • vtoNact like (this)
      • act according to rules> ruò 若CONFORM
        • vtoNconform with, do like, act like
        • vtoNpsychconform to (one's own) wishes
        • speak accordingly> ruò 若ASSENT
          • vtoNagree, assent to; approve
      • as mentioned above: this one as described> ruò 若THIS
        • npro.adNcolloquial: this 若由也; this matter 若所為
        • npro.adNthese
        • emphatic: as for the well-known subject> ruò 若TOPIC MARKER
          • npro.adNpron: (new paragraph) as for N,...
          • padVtopicaliseras for acting in such and such way; as for being in such and such situation
          • vt0oN.adStopicAs for N, S
        • at this time> ruò 若WHEN
          • padS1.-shi2:adS2when S1, then S2
          • padS1.adS2when
      • given such a situation> ruò 若IF
        • p1adV1+.p1adV2no matter whether
        • padS1.adS2if; or if (often with implicit subject and without 則 in main clause, and note 若...是 as in 若晉常先,是楚弱也 which has many parallels. Apodosis often )
        • padS1.adS2pseudo-conditionalif (as in If you are hungry there are some eggs in the fridge)
        • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adSif
        • in such a hypothetical and unreal situation> ruò 若COUNTERFACTUAL
          • padS1.adS2If contrary to fact
          • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adSif contrary to fact
        • in such an alternative situation> ruò 若OR
          • padN1.postN2or (between nominals)
          • padN1.postN2mathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
          • padV1.adV2whether... or
          • vadS1.post-S2or perhaps [[HANSHU: 時有軍役若若遭水旱
      • descriptive suffix: like the preceding> ruò 若SUFFIX
        • ppostadVadverbial suffix
    • ruò 若GRASS
      • ruò 若DEITIES
        • ruò 若YOU
          • npro.adN2. person singularyour (informal)
          • npro.postVtsingularyou (the object)
          • nprosubjectyou
          • nprovocativeyou!
          • npro{OBJ} Vtobjectyou
          • plural> ruò 若YOU/PLUR
            • npro.adNyour plural
            • nproyou plur