Taxonomy of meanings for 非:

  • fēi (OC: pɯl MC: pʷɨi) 甫微切 平 廣韻:【不是也責也違也亦姓風俗通有非子伯益之後 】
    • fēi 非NOT
      • vt(oN)copulait is not (without explicit object) NB: perhaps this should be taken as vt-neg. But we want to separate out these examples for attention.)
      • vt+N{SUBJ}.+V{PRED}it is/was not the SUBJECT N that PREDICATED V
      • vt+npro.adN非己之民 "a people other than one's own"
      • vt+V[0]negativenot at all; by no means; the fact is that not (contrary to appearances)
      • vt0+Sit is not that S, it is not as if S
      • vt0+S1.+S2It wasn't that S1, but S2
      • vtoN.adVcopulait is not N (who VERBS)
      • vt Ncopulais not N
      • vt Nappropriateis not the proper way of N
      • vt Ncopulanot because of NP
      • vtoNabis not a case of Nab-ing
      • vt N{PRED}not be an N
      • vt Nnot be identical with N
      • vt N1[.adN2]those who are not N1 非賢 "non-worthies"
      • vadVP非以V “not for them thus to V": not be so as thus to V
      • vadN{PRED}not be an N
      • vt+V[0]politely dismissing a possibility as unthinkable: would of course never
      • have not> fēi 非LACK
        • vtoN.adVwithout
        • vtoN.adSwithout
      • preverbally in subordinate clauses: fēi 非IF NOT
        • padS1.adS2if not
        • vadV.postN:adSif not
        • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSif not
        • vt0oN.postVtcopulaexcept, but 何事非君
        • vtoN.adScopulaif something is not (an N)
        • vtoN.adVexcept 非禮不聽
        • fēi 非UNLESS
          • vt[0]oN.adVunless one is N (one cannot V)
          • vt V[0]unless V[0]
          • vt S1. S2unless S1 then S2
    • declarative, of statements: fēi 非DENY
      • vtoNcausativeconsider as wrong, gainsay
      • deny what is asserted> fēi 非DISAGREE
        • nabactwhat is regarded as wrong
        • vtoNputativeregard as wrong, disagree with
        • vtoNN=humandisapprove of
        • nabpsychdisapproval, disagreement
        • vtoNN=nonhube opposed to, disagree with
        • prove wrong what is asserted>fēi 非REFUTE
          • vtoNdeclarativedeclare to be wrong
      • fail to conform> fēi 非OFFEND
        • vt+prep+Nbe at variance with
        • vtoNoffend against (the law); disobey (one's parents)
      • not true> fēi 非UNTRUE
        • nabfactualwhat is untrue
        • vibe untrue (of statements)
        • vigradedbe untrue
        • vtoNputativeregard as untrue
        • vtoNpassivebe regarded as wrong
        • vtoNputative.reflex.自consider (oneself) as in the wrong
        • vilogicalbe a logical mistake, be logically wrong
        • visubj=nonhumanbe false; be wrong; be untrue
      • not good> fēi 非WICKED
        • nabactimproper act, fault; wrongdoing; untruth; occasionally: sense for what is wrong
        • vibe morally wrong (of actions)
        • viactbe morally wrong be factually wrong; do wrong, perpetrate a wrong
        • vtoNputativeconsider as morally wrong or wicked; disapprove of morally
        • declare to be wicked>CRITICISE
          • nabactcriticism; the act of criticising
          • vt+prep+Nputativetake a negative attitude towards, criticise
          • vtoNdeclarativedeclare wrong> criticise; disagree with, deny; disapprove, be opposed to; oppose
          • vtoNpassivebe criticised
          • vtoNpsychcriticise (oneself) LH
          • vtoNputativeconsider wrong
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2criticise N1 in the agent N2
      • not right fēi 非MISTAKE
        • nabmetaphysicalwrong points, mistakes
        • vadNmistaken, wrong
        • vadVmistakenly; wrongly
        • vibe mistaken, be wrong; be the wrong thing to do
        • v[adNab]what is untrue/mistaken/wrong
        • vtoNreflexive.自consider oneself to be in the wrong