Taxonomy of meanings for 欲:

  • yù (OC: k-loɡ MC: jiok) 余蜀切 入 廣韻:【貪欲也余蜀切九 】
    • yù 欲DESIRE
      • vt+V[0]gradedbe inclined to; would like to; wish, desire, aim for; have a clear preference for, prefer; have a genuine desire for; be preoccupied by;
      • nabpsychdesires; preferences; impulse
      • nobjectwhat one desires, aims
      • vtoNPab{S}gradeddesire that S
      • vt[+V[0]]have and show desires to do things
      • vt+V[0]desire to, aim to; would like to
      • vt[oN]be full of (improper) desires
      • vt+V[0]irrealisexpressing a counterfactual wish: I wish that, Latin utinam
      • nab.post-V{NUM}psychkind of desire 六欲2
      • vtoNgradeddesire (objects) 甚欲; hanker after
      • vtoSdesire that S
      • vt.+HE2+SUO3+Vthybrid construction: (what do you) wish to V
      • vtoSS=questiondesire
      • vadNcharacterised by desires, full of desires
      • nabpsychDesire!
      • vtoNN=humdesire the adherence of; desire the friendship of; desire collaboration with
      • nab(post-N)one's desires
      • vtoNsubject=inanimate(of plants and trees) want to
      • npost-NN's desires
      • vtoNpassivebe desired
      • excessive desire> yù 欲/慾LUST
        • nabpsychlust; inappropriate desires; cravings
        • intense supreme desire>PASSION
          • nabpsychbuddhist: sensual passions
      • obligatory desire> yù 欲SHOULD
        • vt+V[0]generalshould (in one's own interest) 不欲 "should not"
        • only pragmatically obligatory desire>NEED
          • vt+V[0]need to V
    • weak desire> yù 欲INTEND
      • nabpsychintention
      • vt+V[0]insist on V-ing
      • vt V(0)aim and desire to
      • bleached of emotional component> yù 欲FUTURE
        • vt+V[0]subject=humanmarker of the future: be about to, will; tend to
        • vt+V[0]subject=inanimatemarker of the future: be about to, will; tend to
        • near future> yù 欲IMMEDIATELY
          • vt+V[0]be immediately about to
          • intensely near future> yù 欲NOW
            • vadVjust now; just
        • likely future> yù 欲PROBABLE
          • vt+V[0]will in all likelihood in the future
          • vt+V[0]continuoustend to, have a natural inclination to; be inclined to; sometimes like: would have liked to, would have tended to
          • in the conceivable case that> yù 欲IF