Taxonomy of meanings for 已:

  • yǐ (OC: k-lɯʔ MC: jɨ) 羊己切 上 廣韻:【止也此也甚也訖也又音似 】
  • yì (OC: k-lɯs MC: jɨ) 羊吏切 去 廣韻:【過事語辝又去也弃也成也 】
    • yǐ 已STOP
      • vadNof stopping (time etc)
      • vi(0)that is the end of the matter (as in 而已)
      • viactdesist, give it a break; stop at a certain point, leave it at that, leave things as they are and do nothing about them
      • visubj=nonhumantypically of situations and conditions: stop, cease, finish
      • vtoNcausativeput a stop to
      • cause to cease to exist> yǐ 已DESTROY
        • vichangebe done for, be destroyed
        • cause disease to cease to exist> yǐ 已CURE
          • vtoNcure
          • vtoNpassivebe cured
      • command to cease in employment> yǐ 已DISMISS
        • vtoNdismiss from office
    • stop after succeeding> yǐ 已COMPLETE
      • vtoNfinish, complete (a task etc)
      • yǐ 已ALREADY
        • vadVpastalready in the past (occasionally without final yǐ 矣); beforehand
        • vadVpresentby this time, already; after; after a while
        • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSafter, once (one) already has V-ed, after one has V-ed 以死誰懟
        • DELETEan event or a situtation N that has already occurred
        • vadVfuture(will) already
        • vpostadV.adS=矣 already
        • yǐ 已PAST
          • padVhaving V-ed; marker of the past, pidgin English: already; modern Chinese: 早已經
          • as an event is past> yǐ 已WHEN
            • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSonce, after
            • vpostS1.adS2when; after S1, S2 (yǐ marks the relative temporal anteriority of an event; compare liǎo 了 and bì 畢 in this function) Compare also 已了 as an expanded form of considerable analytic interest.
        • right after an event is past>THEREUPON
          • vpostS1.adS2
          • past and thus assured> yǐ 已CERTAIN
            • padVcertainly, definitely
            • ppostadSdefinitely, "!"
            • vadVimperative
        • certain and intense> yǐ 已INTENSELY
          • vadVvery intensely, exceedingly, very much
        • more intensely than appropriate> yǐ 已EXCESSIVE
          • vadVexcessively
        • yǐ 已WHEN
          • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSonce, after
          • vpostS1.adS2when; after S1, S2 (yǐ marks the relative temporal anteriority of an event; compare liǎo 了 and bì 畢 in this function) Compare also 已了 as an expanded form of considerable analytic interest.
      • and that finishes it> yǐ 已MODAL PARTICLES
        • ppostadVintensitive imperative marker, "!!"
        • ppostadVquestion