DECIDE  決定

CHOOSE among PRESENT OR FUTURE MOVEMENTS FOR SELF:oneself OR among ANSWERS to QUESTIONS.
RESOLVEDETERMINEMAKE UP ONE'S MINDMAKE A DECISIONELECTCHOOSEOPTPLANAIMHAVE THE INTENTIONHAVE IN MIND
Hypernym

CHOOSETAKE:opt-for one THING WHILE BELIEVING that one is ABLE to TAKE OTHER THINGS. See also DECIDE. -> TAKEOBTAIN a THING OFTEN by REMOVING it from its PLACE OR OWNER so as to HAVE it ONESELF. -> OBTAINBEGIN to HAVE. -> BEGINENDURINGLY STOP NOT to ACT OR to BE RESEMBLING:as in the PAST. -> STOPACT so as NOT to CONTINUE NOW:present ACTION. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

FIXCAUSE something TO be ENDURING OR NOT to MOVE from a PLACE.

Hyponym
  • JUDGE DECIDE, as HAVING AUTHORITY, whether someone is GUILTY OR INNOCENT, OR whether an ACCUSATION OR SENTENCE:statement is TRUE OR FALSE.
  • DELAY DECIDE NOT TO DO SOMETHING NOW BUT TO DO MORE LATE.
    • REFUSE DECIDE NOT TO ACT:do as one has been REQUESTED to ACT OR IS EXPECTED TO ACT.
      • INACTIVE REFUSE to ACT AND THEREFORE be PEACEFUL.
        • UNGRATEFUL REFUSE TO SHOW that one LIKES SOMEONE ALTHOUGH S/HE HAS BENEFITED ONE.
          • OFFEND REFUSE TO OBEY OR CONFORM.
            • TREASON OFFEND AGAINST ONE'S SELF>OWN STATE AND SERVE ANOTHER STATE.
            • NAUGHTY OFFENDING HABITUALLY AND PROVOCATIVELY.
        • VOLUNTARY DECIDE FREELY AND NOT BE FORCED
          Old Chinese Criteria

          1. The most common general word for making a decision is duàn 斷, which emphasis the definitiveness of what has been decided on, but speaks of the process by which that final decision is being reached rather than the result as such.

          2. Jué 決 focusses on the the result as such, and the word can be used about decisons already made where duàn 斷 seems excluded. ( 事已決 not: 事已斷矣 )

          3. Dìng 定 refers to the fixing something not only for oneself but primarily for others. See FIX

          4. Cái 裁 refers to the action of making a public decision as taken by a person in authority.

          Modern Chinese Criteria

          決定

          決意

          決心

          決計

          立意

          定弦

          定議 refers to a decision that has been formally pased by a group or assembly.

          作意

          first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

          • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 21.16

          • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

            DECIDE

            destinare refers to the psychological act of deciding on a future course of action, or by which a current issue is settled.

            obstinare refers to a psychological act of rigidly and stubbornly insisting on deciding on a future course of action, or settling a current affair.

            decernere refers to a political decision made after formal consultation with a relevant political group.

            statuere refers to a personal political decision made on one's own behalf, not necessarily and not even normally based on extensive public consultation.

            constituere refers to a ruler's personal political decision on matters of direct importance to the masses.

          • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 36

          • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 2.541

            ENTSCHEIDUNG

          • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 2.133:88

            DECIDER.JUGER

          • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 55B

          • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 56A

          Attributions by syntactic funtion

          • vtoN : 25
          • VPi : 4
          • vtoN : 2
          • NPab : 2
          • VPadV : 1
          • vtoNab : 1
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
          • vi : 1
          • vt+V[0] : 1
          • vadV : 1
          • VPtoN : 1
          • vadN : 1
          • vt(oN) : 1

          Attributions by text

          • 祖堂集 : 6
          • 禮記 : 5
          • 荀子 : 5
          • 管子 : 5
          • 說苑 : 4
          • 法言 : 3
          • 百喻經 : 3
          • 呂氏春秋 : 2
          • 淮南子 : 1
          • 太平經 : 1
          • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
          • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
          • 韓詩外傳 : 1
          • 尚書 : 1
          • 列子 : 1
          • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
          • 賢愚經 : 1

          Words

             jué OC: kʷeed MC: ket 12 Attributions

          Jué 決 focusses on the the result as such, and the word can be used about decisons already made where duàn 斷 seems excluded. (事已決 not: 事已斷矣)

          • nabstativedecisiveness, definiteness; resoluteness
          • vadVdecisively, definitely
          • vt(oN)decide on, fix the contextually determinate object
          • vt[oN]make definite administrative decisions; be decisive
          • vtoNreach a conclusion on, reach a legal decision on[decide on; determine]
          • vtoNcausativemake (oneself) decide
          • vtoNpassivebe decided
          • vtoNpassiveget definitely settled or determined
          • vt[oN]figurativedecide intellectual issues
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2make the decision on the matter with the help of N2
             dìng OC: deeŋs MC: deŋ 9 Attributions

          Dìng 定 refers to the fixing something not only for oneself but primarily for others. See FIX

          • vt+V[0]decide to
          • vt[oN]decide on a definite plan
          • vtoNpassive
          • vadNpassivedecided upon
          • vtoNdecide on the matter of N
             bié OC: pred MC: piɛt 4 Attributions
          • vtoNdecide (a matter); pass judgment on (a case)
             duàn OC: toons MC: tʷɑn 4 Attributions

          The most common general word for making a decision is duàn 斷, which emphasis the definitiveness of what has been decided on, but speaks of the process by which that final decision is being reached rather than the result as such.

          • nabactdecision-making; decision
          • vibe decisive
          • viacttake decisions; take the political decisions; make legal decisions
          • vt+V[0]decide to
          • vt+V[0]stativebe determined to
          • vtoNmake a definitive decision on
          • vtoNpassivebe decided
          發心   fā xīn OC: pod slɯm MC: pi̯ɐt sim 3 Attributions
          • VPiactBUDDH: to generate the thought of enlightenment, to set out on the path towards enlightenment (defined as precondition for entering the way of a Bodhisattva in Mahāyāna Buddhism; see also 發菩提心); SANSKRIT bodhicitta-utpāda
             dǔ OC: k-laaʔ MC: tuo̝ 2 Attributions
          • vtoNjudge; decide on
             yīn OC: qɯn MC: ʔɨn 1 Attribution
          • vtoNdecide or determine what is correct regarding N, pass judgement on N
             cái OC: sɡɯɯ MC: dzəi 1 Attribution

          Cái 裁 refers to the action of making a public decision as taken by a person in authority.

          • vtoNdecide
          多少   duō shǎo OC: k-laal hmljewʔ MC: tɑ ɕiɛu 1 Attribution
          • VPtoNascertain or determine; fix numerically (the exact number of)
          封著   fēng zhuó OC: poŋ k-laɡ MC: pi̯oŋ ʈi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
          • VPichangedevelop rigid opinions, become rigid in one's opinions
          介然   jiè rán MC: keajH nyen OC: kreeds njen 1 Attribution
          • VPadVdecisively, energically, unswayingly
          制令   zhì lìng líng MC: tsyejH ljeng OC: kjeds ɡ-reŋ 1 Attribution
          • NPabtextwritten decision by the relevant authorities
             fēn MC: pjun OC: pɯn 1 Attribution
          • vtoNabdecide, settle (e.g. a dispute)
          聽斷   tìng duàn MC: thengH twanH OC: theeŋs toons 1 Attribution
          • nabactDELETE public decision-making
          • NPabactpublic decision-making, executive administration of public affairs
             tíng OC: deeŋ MC: deŋ 0 Attributions
          • vtoNdecide
             zhé OC: kljed MC: tɕiɛt 0 Attributions
          • vtoNbring (a legal case) to a decisive conclusion
             jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 0 Attributions
          • vtoNlift out> decide and determine
             bì OC: peds MC: piɛi 0 Attributions
          • vtoNmake up one's mind on, determine
             jiě OC: kreeʔ MC: kɣɛ 0 Attributions
          • vtoNdecide
          報決   bào jué OC: puuɡs kʷeed MC: pɑu ket 0 Attributions
          • NPabacta decision in response to a request
          決策   jué cè OC: kʷeed skhreeɡ MC: ket ʈʂhɣɛk 0 Attributions
          • VPtoNpassivehave one's strategies decided by
             xià OC: ɢraas MC: ɦɣɛ 0 Attributions
          • vtoNmake an official decision on a matter and send it down for implementation
              MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
          • NPabtextwritten decision by the relevant authorities

          Existing SW for

          Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: