DECIDE  決定

CHOOSE among PRESENT OR FUTURE MOVEMENTS FOR SELF:oneself OR among ANSWERS to QUESTIONS.
RESOLVEDETERMINEMAKE UP ONE'S MINDMAKE A DECISIONELECTCHOOSEOPTPLANAIMHAVE THE INTENTIONHAVE IN MIND
Taxonoymy

JUDGEDELAYREFUSEVOLUNTARY

See also

FIX

Kind Of

CHOOSE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most common general word for making a decision is duàn 斷, which emphasis the definitiveness of what has been decided on, but speaks of the process by which that final decision is being reached rather than the result as such.

2. Jué 決 focusses on the the result as such, and the word can be used about decisons already made where duàn 斷 seems excluded. ( 事已決 not: 事已斷矣 )

3. Dìng 定 refers to the fixing something not only for oneself but primarily for others. See FIX

4. Cái 裁 refers to the action of making a public decision as taken by a person in authority.

Modern Chinese Criteria

決定

決意

決心

決計

立意

定弦

定議 refers to a decision that has been formally pased by a group or assembly.

作意

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 21.16

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DECIDE

destinare refers to the psychological act of deciding on a future course of action, or by which a current issue is settled.

obstinare refers to a psychological act of rigidly and stubbornly insisting on deciding on a future course of action, or settling a current affair.

decernere refers to a political decision made after formal consultation with a relevant political group.

statuere refers to a personal political decision made on one's own behalf, not necessarily and not even normally based on extensive public consultation.

constituere refers to a ruler's personal political decision on matters of direct importance to the masses.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 36

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 2.541

ENTSCHEIDUNG

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.133:88

DECIDER.JUGER

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 55B

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 56A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 43
  • nab : 10
  • vi : 8
  • VPi : 4
  • vt+V[0] : 4
  • NPab : 3
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • vtoN : 2
  • VPtoN : 2
  • VPadV : 1
  • vtoNab : 1
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • vadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 36
  • 祖堂集 : 6
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 荀子 : 5
  • 管子 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 法言 : 3
  • 史記 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   duàn OC: toons MC: tʷɑn 29 Attributions

The most common general word for making a decision is duàn 斷, which emphasis the definitiveness of what has been decided on, but speaks of the process by which that final decision is being reached rather than the result as such.

  • nabactdecision-making; decision
  • vibe decisive
  • viacttake decisions; take the political decisions; make legal decisions
  • vt+V[0]decide to
  • vt+V[0]stativebe determined to
  • vtoNmake a definitive decision on
  • vtoNpassivebe decided
   jué OC: kʷeed MC: ket 22 Attributions

Jué 決 focusses on the the result as such, and the word can be used about decisons already made where duàn 斷 seems excluded. (事已決 not: 事已斷矣)

  • nabstativedecisiveness, definiteness; resoluteness
  • vadVdecisively, definitely
  • vt(oN)decide on, fix the contextually determinate object
  • vt[oN]make definite administrative decisions; be decisive
  • vtoNreach a conclusion on, reach a legal decision on[decide on; determine]
  • vtoNcausativemake (oneself) decide
  • vtoNpassivebe decided
  • vtoNpassiveget definitely settled or determined
  • vt[oN]figurativedecide intellectual issues
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2make the decision on the matter with the help of N2
   dìng OC: deeŋs MC: deŋ 10 Attributions

Dìng 定 refers to the fixing something not only for oneself but primarily for others. See FIX

  • vt+V[0]decide to
  • vt[oN]decide on a definite plan
  • vtoNpassive
  • vadNpassivedecided upon
  • vtoNdecide on the matter of N
   bié OC: pred MC: piɛt 4 Attributions
  • vtoNdecide (a matter); pass judgment on (a case)
   cái OC: sɡɯɯ MC: dzəi 3 Attributions

Cái 裁 refers to the action of making a public decision as taken by a person in authority.

  • vtoNdecide
發心   fā xīn OC: pod slɯm MC: pi̯ɐt sim 3 Attributions
  • VPiactBUDDH: to generate the thought of enlightenment, to set out on the path towards enlightenment (defined as precondition for entering the way of a Bodhisattva in Mahāyāna Buddhism; see also 發菩提心); SANSKRIT bodhicitta-utpāda
   dǔ OC: k-laaʔ MC: tuo̝ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNjudge; decide on
   zhé OC: kljed MC: tɕiɛt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbring (a legal case) to a decisive conclusion
   yīn OC: qɯn MC: ʔɨn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdecide or determine what is correct regarding N, pass judgement on N
   jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNlift out> decide and determine
報決   bào jué OC: puuɡs kʷeed MC: pɑu ket 1 Attribution
  • NPabacta decision in response to a request
多少   duō shǎo OC: k-laal hmljewʔ MC: tɑ ɕiɛu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNascertain or determine; fix numerically (the exact number of)
封著   fēng zhuó OC: poŋ k-laɡ MC: pi̯oŋ ʈi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPichangedevelop rigid opinions, become rigid in one's opinions
決策   jué cè OC: kʷeed skhreeɡ MC: ket ʈʂhɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivehave one's strategies decided by
介然   jiè rán MC: keajH nyen OC: kreeds njen 1 Attribution
  • VPadVdecisively, energically, unswayingly
制令   zhì lìng líng MC: tsyejH ljeng OC: kjeds ɡ-reŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPabtextwritten decision by the relevant authorities
   fēn MC: pjun OC: pɯn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNabdecide, settle (e.g. a dispute)
聽斷   tìng duàn MC: thengH twanH OC: theeŋs toons 1 Attribution
  • nabactDELETE public decision-making
  • NPabactpublic decision-making, executive administration of public affairs
   tíng OC: deeŋ MC: deŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdecide
   bì OC: peds MC: piɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmake up one's mind on, determine
   jiě OC: kreeʔ MC: kɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdecide
   xià OC: ɢraas MC: ɦɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmake an official decision on a matter and send it down for implementation
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPabtextwritten decision by the relevant authorities

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: