ALAS  嗚呼

EXCLAMATION EXPRESSing SADNESS OR REGRET. 
Hypernym

SAD -> DISTRESS -> FEELING -> REACT -> CHANGE -> EVENT -> REALITY -> EXIST -> BE IN -> RELATION -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

Old Chinese Criteria

[DECLARATIVE/EXCLAMATORY]

[EMOTIONAL/UNEMOTIONAL]

[EMPHATIC/UNEMPHATIC]

[HIGH-DEGREE/LOW-DEGREE]

1. Wū hū 嗚呼 / 於乎 / 於呼 expresses an emphatic complaint. Note that there is is specially large number of graphic variants used to write this word.

[EMOTIONAL], [EXCLAMATORY], [HIGH-DEGREE]

2. A1i zāi 哀哉 adds to the complaint the judgment that something is indeed sad.

[DECLARATIVE], [EMPHATIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

唉呀

哎呀

哎喲

喔唷

什麼

嗚呼

於戲

於乎

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

    Attributions by syntactic funtion

    • PPadS : 10
    • padS : 4
    • VPi(0) : 4
    • PP : 3
    • VP+S : 3
    • PP+Npr : 1

    Attributions by text

    • 論語 : 5
    • 禮記 : 5
    • 韓詩外傳 : 4
    • 管子 : 2
    • 尚書 : 2
    • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
    • 列子 : 1
    • 春秋左傳 : 1
    • 莊子 : 1
    • 毛詩 : 1
    • 孟子 : 1
    • 史記 : 1

    Words

    嗚呼 / 嗚虖 / 於呼   wū hū OC: qaa qhaa MC: ʔuo̝ huo̝ wū hū OC: qaa qhlaa MC: ʔuo̝ huo̝ wū hū OC: qaa qhaa MC: ʔuo̝ huo̝ 11 Attributions

    1. Wū hū 嗚呼 expresses an emphatic complaint. Note that there is is specially large number of graphic variants used to write this word. Ancient scribes seem to have been uninterested in the orthography of this word. [EMOTIONAL], [EXCLAMATORY], [HIGH-DEGREE] 1. Wū hū 嗚呼 expresses an emphatic complaint. Note that there is is specially large number of graphic variants used to write this word. Ancient scribes seem to have been uninterested in the orthography of this word. [EMOTIONAL], [EXCLAMATORY], [HIGH-DEGREE] 1. Wū hū 嗚呼 expresses an emphatic complaint. Note that there is is specially large number of graphic variants used to write this word. Ancient scribes seem to have been uninterested in the orthography of this word. [EMOTIONAL], [EXCLAMATORY], [HIGH-DEGREE]

    • PPadSalas
    • PPadVoh, how (the subject) V-ed!
    • PP+NprOh Npr!
    哀哉   āi zāi OC: qɯɯl skɯɯ MC: ʔəi tsəi 7 Attributions

    Āi zāi 哀哉 adds to the complaint the judgment that something is indeed sad. [DECLARATIVE], [EMPHATIC]

    • VP+Salas for
    • VPi(0)(always with understood and unexpressed subject:) what a pity!; how grievous!
    已而   yǐ ér OC: k-lɯʔ njɯ MC: jɨ ȵɨ 2 Attributions
    • PPexclamatoryI've had it; we're finished
       yǐ OC: k-lɯʔ MC: jɨ 2 Attributions
    • padSAlas!
       yī OC: qee MC: ʔei 1 Attribution
    • padSalas
    於呼   wū hū OC: qaa qhaa MC: ʔuo̝ huo̝ 1 Attribution

    Wū hū 嗚呼 expresses an emphatic exclamatory complaint. >>EXCLAMATORY, HIGH-DEGREE

    • PPalas
       jiē juē MC: tsjae OC: skal 1 Attribution
    • padSalas
       xī OC: qhɯ MC: hɨ 0 Attributions

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: