Taxonomy of meanings for 曰:

  • yuē (OC: ɢʷad MC: ɦʷiɐt) 王伐切 入 廣韻:【辝也於也之也 】
    • SPEAK
      • vt(0)oSone says; you say; it is said, as in 故曰 "thus it is said", German: "Daher heisst es..." cf. MO 於《武觀》曰:"In the Wǔguān IT says..." 於《仲虺之告》曰: 於先王之書《仲虺之告》曰:
      • vtoNmention; mention (the word X); use (an expression)
      • vtoS.post-Vsay (modified by a deverbal adverb) 且曰 [[But what about the construction of the preceding V as a main verb? 待考 CH]]
      • vtoS.postV(heard) as follows 聞之曰
      • vtoScontinuego on to say: "S" (with omitted subject)
      • vtoSdirect-speechsay: S
      • vtoSfigurativesay S (as of the mind)
      • vtoSfigurativerun (as follows); say something to the effect that S 不曰
      • vtoSimperativeyou should say!, say!
      • vtoSindirect-speechto say, that A; to declare that S
      • vtoStransmitted speechto say (on behalf of somebody): "S"
      • vtoSof texts, untensed: say, run as follow, "lauten"
      • scribally>WRITE
        • vtoS.postV(write down, make a record) as follows:
      • abstractly>THINK
        • vtoS(inner monologue:) say to oneself that S; think that S 謀曰
        • semantically>MEAN
          • vtoNbe called
          • syntactically>COPULA
            • vt+N1.postad N2N2 being N1
            • vt+Ncopulabe; be called; of texts: run as follows
            • vt+Srun as follows: S
    • grammaticalised>QUOTATION MARKER
      • vtoS.post-Vto V as follows: S
      • vtoS.postadNquotationthe N which runs as follows
      • interrogative>ASK
        • vtoSgo on to say (i.e. ask); say (in the form of a question) in the process of a conversation
      • imperative>COMMAND
        • vtoNPab{S}to order, that...
      • linguistic>NAME
        • vt+Npassivebe called
        • vt[0]oN1.postadN2called; an N1 called N2
        • vtt(oN1.)+N2call the contextually determinate omitted N1 an N2