IMAGINE WHILE SLEEPING.
Old Chinese Criteria
1. The current standard word for a dream is mèng 夢.
2. Xiōng mèng 凶夢 refers to a nightmare.
ZHOULI 3 占夢：掌其歲時，觀天地之會，辨陰陽之氣。以日月星辰占六夢之吉凶，一曰正夢，二曰噩夢，三曰思夢，四曰寤夢，五曰喜夢，六曰懼夢。季冬，聘王夢，獻吉夢于王，王拜而受之。乃舍萌于四方，以贈惡夢，遂令始難驅疫。
Modern Chinese Criteria
白日做夢 refers to daydreaming.
做白日夢 refers to daydreaming.
南柯一夢 refers to a fond dream.
rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH ／
Old Chinese Contrasts
The KEY IDEA of perceiving things that are not real as if they were real during sleep is not alien to animals. Mammals like dogs do dream, and they even seem to have nightmares. Dogs must be able to distinguish between the dreamt and the real.
For the cultural interpretation dream in "primitive" cultures LINCOLN 1935 (REPRINT 1971) remains a useful point of departure.
LANGIUS 1631 summarises Graeco-Roman doxography on the matter.
ZEDLER's article TRAUMDEUTUNG and especially the extensive TRAUM provide splendid inspiration for comparative study.
For the Chinese case, BROWN 1988 remains the best guide with useful bibliographies. But note in particular the monograph SANTANGELO 1988. Wolfram Eberhard has a piece on the folklore of Chinese dreaming which I cannot seem to retrieve for the moment. For Ming dynasty Chinese dream literature, oneirography, see LACKNER 1985 as well as Eggert 1993.
somnium is the general prosaic word for a dream.
insomnium is a poetic word for a dream.
Attributions by syntactic funtion
Attributions by text
- 韓非子 : 9
- 春秋左傳 : 8
- 臨濟錄 : 3
- 莊子 : 2
- 祖堂集 : 2
- 論語 : 1
- 論衡 : 1
- 賢愚經 : 1
- 楚辭 : 1
- 尚書 : 1
夢 mèng OC: mɯŋs MC: muŋ 24 Attributions
The current standard word for a dream is mèng 夢.
- nadV(see or speak etc) in a dream
- vt+Vdream that one V-s
- vtoNdream about
- vtoSdream that S
夢見 mèng jiàn OC: mɯŋs keens MC: muŋ ken 3 Attributions
- VPtoNresultativedream so as to see> dream of
眯 mǐ OC: miiʔ MC: mei 1 Attribution
凶夢 xiōng mèng OC: qhoŋ mɯŋs MC: hi̯oŋ muŋ 1 Attribution
Xiōng mèng 凶夢 refers to a nightmare.
寤夢 wù mèng OC: ŋaas mɯŋs MC: ŋuo̝ muŋ 0 Attributions
- NPdreams just as one is waking up (See HYDCD sub verbo, with Sun Yirang's comment on the matter)
Existing SW for
Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: