DREAM  作夢

IMAGINE WHILE SLEEPING.
REM SLEEPNIGHTMAREVISIONFANTASYHALLUCINATIONDAYDREAMREVERIETRANCEDAZESTUPORHAZE
Taxonoymy

NIGHTMARE

See also

SLEEP

Kind Of

IMAGINATION

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current standard word for a dream is mèng 夢.

2. Xiōng mèng 凶夢 refers to a nightmare.

ZHOULI 3 占夢:掌其歲時,觀天地之會,辨陰陽之氣。以日月星辰占六夢之吉凶,一曰正夢,二曰噩夢,三曰思夢,四曰寤夢,五曰喜夢,六曰懼夢。季冬,聘王夢,獻吉夢于王,王拜而受之。乃舍萌于四方,以贈惡夢,遂令始難驅疫。

Modern Chinese Criteria

作夢

做夢

夢想

夢幻

夢鄉

夢境

睡夢

夢寐

噩夢

惡夢

美夢

夢魘

夢囈

白日做夢 refers to daydreaming.

做白日夢 refers to daydreaming.

南柯一夢 refers to a fond dream.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Old Chinese Contrasts

The KEY IDEA of perceiving things that are not real as if they were real during sleep is not alien to animals. Mammals like dogs do dream, and they even seem to have nightmares. Dogs must be able to distinguish between the dreamt and the real.

For the cultural interpretation dream in "primitive" cultures LINCOLN 1935 (REPRINT 1971) remains a useful point of departure.

LANGIUS 1631 summarises Graeco-Roman doxography on the matter.

ZEDLER's article TRAUMDEUTUNG and especially the extensive TRAUM provide splendid inspiration for comparative study.

For the Chinese case, BROWN 1988 remains the best guide with useful bibliographies. But note in particular the monograph SANTANGELO 1988. Wolfram Eberhard has a piece on the folklore of Chinese dreaming which I cannot seem to retrieve for the moment. For Ming dynasty Chinese dream literature, oneirography, see LACKNER 1985 as well as Eggert 1993.

BROWN 1988 Psycho-Sinology. The Universe of Dreams in Chinese Culture

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.62

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DREAM

somnium is the general prosaic word for a dream.

insomnium is a poetic word for a dream.

EGGERT 1993 Rede vom Traum: Traumauffassungen der Literatenschicht im spaeten kaiserlichen China

LACKNER 1984 Der chinesische Traumwald

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

SOMNUS

LINCOLN 1935 The Dream in Primitive Cultures

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 761

ONG 1985 The Interpretation of Dreams in Ancient China Chinathemen

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 4.285

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 10.1461

TRAUM

Santangelo 1998 Il sogno in Cina. L'immaginario colletivo attraverso la narrativa Ming e Qing

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

TRAEUME

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 88ff

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

DREAM, VISIONS

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 6.171

WEBER 1857 Democritus Ridens 5.357

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 249

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoS : 8
  • nab : 7
  • nadV : 4
  • vtoN : 3
  • vt+V[0] : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • NP : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 9
  • 春秋左傳 : 8
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   mèng OC: mɯŋs MC: muŋ 24 Attributions

The current standard word for a dream is mèng 夢.

  • nabeventdream
  • nadV(see or speak etc) in a dream
  • vt+V[0]dream that one V-s
  • vtoNdream about
  • vtoSdream that S
夢見   mèng jiàn OC: mɯŋs keens MC: muŋ ken 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativedream so as to see> dream of
   mǐ OC: miiʔ MC: mei 1 Attribution
  • nabeventnightmare
凶夢   xiōng mèng OC: qhoŋ mɯŋs MC: hi̯oŋ muŋ 1 Attribution

Xiōng mèng 凶夢 refers to a nightmare.

  • NPnightmare
寤夢   wù mèng OC: ŋaas mɯŋs MC: ŋuo̝ muŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPdreams just as one is waking up (See HYDCD sub verbo, with Sun Yirang's comment on the matter)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: