PROBABLE  大概

INTENSELY POSSIBLE AND EXPECTED to be TRUE.
LIKELYMOST LIKELYODDS-ONEXPECTEDANTICIPATEDPREDICTABLEFORESEEABLETEN TO ONEINFORMAL IN THE CARDSA GOOD/FAIR/REASONABLE BET
Hypernym

POSSIBLE -> ABLE -> HAVE -> RELATION -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general current word for probability is the particle gài 蓋/盍 (ant.* bì 必 "certainly, undoubtedly"), which emphasises that a statement is not based on direct objective evidence.

2. Qí 其 indicates that a statement must be true, for everything one knows, but could conceivably be false.

3. The final particle yún 云 is used in historical sources to indicate that something is not based on direct historical evidence but on hearsay or secondary sources only.

4. Yì 意 and yì zh3ě 意者 emphasise that a statement is a mere matter of subjective surmising.

5. Kě 可 (ant. bì 必 "certainly, undoubtedly") is occasionally used to refer to something being only possibly, not necessarily, the case.

6. Hào 好 refers to a proneness to do something, typically something one is not supposed to be prone to do.

7. Shàn 善 refers generally to any proneness or tendency to do something.

Modern Chinese Criteria

大概

大略

大約

約莫

大致

大體

大率

八成

光景

多咱

多敢

多分

敢情

橫是

或許

也許

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH / LU JIANMING

  • Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles ( CASSIN 2004) p. 1029

  • Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache ( MAUTHNER WP 1924) p. III.417

  • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 3.2091

  • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 12.251

    WAHRSCHEINLICHKEIT

  • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 71

  • The Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( BORCHERT 2005) p.

  • New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols. ( HOROWITZ 2005) p.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • padV : 67
  • padS : 22
  • vt+V[0] : 22
  • vadV : 20
  • PPadV : 11
  • padN{PRED} : 10
  • padV.postN{SUBJ} : 8
  • NPadS : 7
  • PPadS : 6
  • NPab : 6
  • VPadV : 4
  • vadS : 2
  • padV.post-S : 2
  • vadN{PRED} : 1
  • VPadS : 1
  • VPt+V[0] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 59
  • 論語 : 46
  • 韓非子 : 22
  • 說苑 : 15
  • 莊子 : 11
  • 孟子 : 9
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 管子 : 5
  • 百喻經 : 4
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1

Words

   qí OC: ɡɯ MC: gɨ 71 Attributions

Qí 其 indicates that a statement must be true, for everything one knows, but could conceivably be false.

  • padN{PRED}presumably; possibly
  • padN{PRED}subjectiveI suppose it is N!
  • padV.post-Sirrealiswould probably, would most likely
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}subjectiveprobably; surely be - I suppose -
  • padVirrealiswould, I suppose; would, presumably
  • padVexpected answer: no!", I wonder?"
  • padVexpected answer: yes!", I wonder?"
  • padVsubjectivepresumably, - I suppose -, perhaps; apparently???
  • padSprobably S
  • padVpossibly
蓋 / 蓋盍   gài OC: kaabs MC: kɑi  OC:  MC:  20 Attributions

The general current word for probability is the particle gài 蓋/盍 (ant.* bì 必 "certainly, undoubtedly") , which emphasises that a statement is not based on direct objective evidence. The general current word for probability is the particle gài 蓋/盍 (ant.* bì 必 "certainly, undoubtedly") , which emphasises that a statement is not based on direct objective evidence.

  • padSmodalas a matter of fact, as far as I can see; probably, apparently; presumably; in my subjective view
   huò OC: ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: ɦək 17 Attributions
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}conceivably; probably; presumably
  • padVconceivably; probably, quite possibly, in all likelihood; "before you know it"; by any chance
或者   huò zhě OC: ɡʷɯɯɡ kljaʔ MC: ɦək tɕɣɛ 13 Attributions
  • PPadSprobably; presumably; I suppose..; conceivably; for all we know
  • PPadVprobably; conceivably; for all we know
   dài OC: lɯɯʔ MC: dəi 9 Attributions
  • vadN{PRED}proably be
  • vadVprobably; presumably; apparently
  • vadN{PRED}presumably
   yù OC: k-loɡ MC: ji̯ok 8 Attributions
  • vt+V[0]will in all likelihood in the future
  • vt+V[0]continuoustend to, have a natural inclination to; be inclined to; sometimes like: would have liked to, would have tended to
   kě OC: khlaalʔ MC: khɑ 7 Attributions

Kě 可 (ant. bì 必 "certainly, undoubtedly") is occasionally used to refer to something being only possibly, not necessarily, the case.

  • vt+V[0]be likely to; may ??vt+V marking possibility (epistemic modality)
意者   yì zhě OC: qɯɡs kljaʔ MC: ʔɨ tɕɣɛ 7 Attributions

Yì 意 and yì zh3ě 意者 emphasise that a statement is a mere matter of subjective surmising.

  • NPadSprobably; presumably; perhaps
可否   kě fǒu OC: khlaalʔ pɯʔ MC: khɑ pɨu 6 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturepossibility; feasibility
   dāng OC: taaŋ MC: tɑŋ 5 Attributions
  • vt+V[0]be likely to, be due to, be bound to (sometimes expressing rather necessity than probability, especially in predctions: shall)
   jiāng OC: skaŋ MC: tsi̯ɐŋ 4 Attributions
  • vadVwill naturally, will presumably; will probably; often with questions: possibly?
   shù OC: qhljaɡs MC: ɕi̯ɤ 4 Attributions
  • vadVprobably 庶。。。乎
   yì OC: qɯɡs MC: ʔɨ 3 Attributions

Yì 意 and yì zh3ě 意者 emphasise that a statement is a mere matter of subjective surmising.

  • vadSis it imaginable that S? it is surely not conceivable that S SHUOYUAN: 異中國有聖人耶?CHECK EXAMPLE
  • vadVquestionparenthetic verb: - I suppose -, could it be that?, perhaps Mo: 意月王將聽吾言
   jù OC: ɡʷas MC: gi̯o 3 Attributions
  • vadVparenthetic: - it is to be feared/I'm afraid -
庶幾   shù jī OC: qhljaɡs kɯl MC: ɕi̯ɤ kɨi 3 Attributions
  • VPadSpresumably; hopefully
  • VPadVsubjectprobably, almost certainly; presumably; in any probability
其或   qí huò OC: ɡɯ ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: gɨ ɦək 2 Attributions
  • PPadVprobably
其或者   qí huò zhě OC: ɡɯ ɡʷɯɯɡ kljaʔ MC: gɨ ɦək tɕɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • PPadVvery probably, very likely
   shàn OC: ɡjenʔ MC: dʑiɛn 1 Attribution

Shàn 善 refers generally to any proneness or tendency to do something.

  • vt+V[0]be prone to, have a tendency to
   néng OC: nɯɯŋ MC: nəŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt+V[0]modalbe likely to
   mò OC: maaɡ MC: mɑk 1 Attribution
  • padSprobably???; who knows?
其將   qí jiāng OC: ɡɯ skaŋ MC: gɨ tsi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadVthat must be because
可以   kě yǐ OC: khlaalʔ k-lɯʔ MC: khɑ jɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPt+V[0]may, can come to
蓋將   gài jiāng OC: kaabs skaŋ MC: kɑi tsi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadVwill probably
   yún OC: ɢun MC: ɦi̯un 0 Attributions

The final particle yún 云 is used in historical sources to indicate that something is not based on direct historical evidence but on hearsay or secondary sources only.

  • ppostadSmodal particle: modal final particale cooccurring with modal 其 and especially gài 蓋: or so they say; 2. cooccurring with 如, 若, 類: of that kind, as in colloquial English sentence-final clitic - like, of that kind.
  • padS..., or so it is said,...
   hào OC: qhuus MC: hɑu 0 Attributions

Hào 好 refers to a proneness to do something, typically something one is not supposed to be prone to do.

       yí OC: ŋɡral MC: ŋiɛ 0 Attributions
    • vadVpossibly; I suspect
       rán OC: njen MC: ȵiɛn 0 Attributions
      弗其   fú qí OC: pɯd ɡɯ MC: pi̯ut gɨ 0 Attributions
      • PPadVnegativemight not (with uncontrollable process verbs) [DK]
      殆乎   dài hū OC: lɯɯʔ ɢaa MC: dəi ɦuo̝ 0 Attributions
      • VPadVprobably, presumably, possibly
      殆將   dài jiāng OC: lɯɯʔ skaŋ MC: dəi tsi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPadN{PRED}presumably, probably
      • VPadVprobably
         yìng OC: qɯŋs MC: ʔɨŋ 0 Attributions
      • vadVgiven the situation, as a response to it: probably
         róng OC: k-loŋ MC: ji̯oŋ 0 Attributions
      • vadSHOUHANSHU: probably; conceivably 容有陰謀 "probably their is a plot"

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: