Taxonomy of meanings for 長:

  • zhǎng (OC: krlaŋʔ MC: ʈiɐŋ) 知丈切 上 廣韻:【大也又漢複姓晉有長兒魯少事智伯智伯絶之三年其後死智伯之難知丈切又直張切一 】
  • zhàng (OC: ɡrlaŋs MC: ɖiɐŋ) 直亮切 去 廣韻:【多也又直良切 】
  • cháng (OC: ɡrlaŋ MC: ɖiɐŋ) 直良切 平 廣韻:【久也逺也常也永也直良切又直向丁丈二切八 】
    • zhǎng 長GROW
      • vadVwhen grown up
      • vi+Sgrow so that S
      • vibe grown up
      • vichangegrow; grow up properly; grow up to be adult; (of abilities) grow to get stronger, develop;
      • vt0oN{SUBJ}grow
      • vtoNcausativelet grow, allow to grow; get to flourish
      • vtoNcausativebe caused or allowed to grow
      • vtoNcausativeCHEMLA 2003: cause to grow> expand 以乘其實而長之 "by multiplication of the corresponding dividend one expands it".
      • vtoNabcausativemake develop fully, allow to develop
      • vadNgrown-up, adult
      • cause to grow up properly > zhǎng 長REAR
        • vtoNcausative: cause to grow up well; take good care of the needs of
      • one who has grown up> zhǎng 長ADULT
        • vibe adult; be grown up
        • vadNadult; grown-up
        • vadVas an adult
        • v-p.adVwhen grown up
        • vichangebecome adult; grow up
        • comparative/relational> zhǎng 長SENIOR
          • nnonreferentiala senior in general; seniors
          • nsubject=humanthe elder one; the older one
          • nabfeatureseniority
          • nadVreference=objectlike a senior
          • ntelder, senior; leader
          • vadNelder, senior
          • vt(+prep+N)be elder, be senior
          • vt+prep+Ngradedbe older than 長乎
          • v[adN]N=humthose who are senior
          • vtoNattitudinaltreat as the senior; pay respect to as a senior
          • vt+prep+Nfigurativecount as senior to; take ritual precedence over
          • superlative> zhǎng 長ELDEST
            • vadNeldest 長子 "eldest son"; most senior; senior
            • v[adN]N=brothereldest of the brothers
            • vtoNtreat as the eldest; show proper respect for as the eldest
          • consider as superior> zhǎng 長CULTIVATE
            • vtoNcultivate as a virtue 長儉 "cultivate frugality"
          • lead as a senior, leader> zhǎng 長LEAD
            • v[adN]leader
            • vtoNbe the senior of> to govern (over somebody); to be the leader (of somebody)
            • nabsocialleadership; supremacy
    • generalised: zhǎng 長INCREASE
      • vtoNchangeincrease, allow to increase; (of prices) rise (GUAN) 日日以長 "rise daily, increase daily" (JIA YI)
    • cháng 長LONG
      • nsubjectthat which is (too) long
      • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: quantified linear extension
      • nabdimensionCHEMLA 2003: the dimension corresponding to the length rather than the width of an object (which might be less than the height!)
      • nabstativeheight (of the body)
      • vadNlong
      • vigradedbe long(er)
      • vibe long
      • vtoNcausativecause to be longer> extend
      • vertically> cháng 長TALL
        • vibe tall
        • vt+Nbe N-measure tall
        • vadNunusually tall
      • derived temporal> cháng 長ENDURING
        • v[adN]what is long-lasting
        • vadNlasting, enduring; long-term; long
        • vadVfor a long time, for any length of time; forever; in the long run
        • vieternalbe everlasting
        • vitemporallast long; be lasting, be enduring; be long-term
        • vtoNcausativebe made to last long
        • vtoNcausativepassive: be made to last longer
        • vihappen after a long(er) time
        • vadVin/from a long-term perspective
        • cháng 長OFTEN
          • vadVoften; all the time (used like 常)
        • cháng 長FLOURISH
          • nabstativeflourishing or thriving state
          • cháng 長STRONG
            • vadNthe strongest, the superior
            • vtoNcausativecause to grow stronger
          • cháng 長EXCELLENT
            • nthe superior of the kind; the relatively superior thing; the superior aspects; strong points
            • vibe superior
            • vigradedto be more excellent (than somebody else); to excel over (somebody else); be superior when relevantly compared
            • vtoNexcel in, be particularly good at
            • vi prep Ngradedbetter than N
            • v[adN]pluralexcellent points