LONG  

BIG in ONE HORIZONTAL DIRECTION. See also ENDURING.
EXTENDED
Antonym

SHORTSMALL in THE MOST LONG HORIZONTAL DIMENSION.

Hypernym

BIGOF INTENSE SIZE OR DEGREE IN-RELATION-TO a STANDARD, OR IN-RELATION-TO the SIZE of a HUMAN. -> SIZEQUANTITY of a DIMENSION. -> QUANTITYDEGREE of being MANY OR FEW that CAN be MEASURED OR COUNTED. -> DEGREEFEATURE of MORE or LESS. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

ENDURINGBIG in respect of the PERIOD something EXISTS, HAPPENS, OR is being ACTED:done.ENDURINGBIG in respect of the PERIOD something EXISTS, HAPPENS, OR is being ACTED:done.BROADBIG in the MORE SMALL HORIZONTAL DIRECTION:dimension.

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The dominant general term for length is cháng 長 (ant. duǎn 短 "short").

2. Xiū 修 / 脩 is Chu dialect for "long". The word is often used as a taboo equivalent for cháng 長 when the latter has to be avoided because it is the name of an emperor.

3. Zhāng 張 (ant. suō 縮 "shortened") refers to something that is longer than expected or longer than it was before.

4. Yōu 悠 can occasionally refer to something being long so as to take a long time to pass through. See ENDURING

5. Màn màn 漫漫 refers to something having a long horizontal extension. See ENDURING

Modern Chinese Criteria

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 12.57

  • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 262

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 6
  • vadN : 4
  • NPab : 3
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2} : 3
  • nab : 2
  • VPadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1

Words

   cháng OC: ɡrlaŋ MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions

The dominant general term for length is cháng 長 (ant. duǎn 短 "short").

  • nsubjectthat which is (too) long
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: quantified linear extension
  • nabdimensionCHEMLA 2003: the dimension corresponding to the length rather than the width of an object (which might be less than the height!)
  • nabstativeheight (of the body)
  • vadNlong
  • vigradedbe long(er)
  • vibe long
  • vtoNcausativecause to be longer> extend
   xiū OC: sqlɯw MC: sɨu 4 Attributions
  • nabfeaturelength
  • vadNespecially in excavated literature standard substitution for tabooed 長: long
  • vi
短長   duǎn cháng OC: toonʔ ɡrlaŋ MC: tʷɑn ɖi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}conceptlength
  • NPabfeaturerelative length
  • VPadNshort or long
長短   cháng duǎn OC: ɡrlaŋ toonʔ MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ tʷɑn 3 Attributions
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}conceptlength
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}featurelength
   yǒng OC: ɢʷaŋʔ MC: ɦɣaŋ 2 Attributions
  • vibe physically long
   yáo OC: k-lew MC: jiɛu 1 Attribution
  • vadNtimedistant in time CC 遙夜 "long nights"
豐約   fēng yuē MC: phjuwng 'jak OC: phuŋ qplewɡ 1 Attribution
  • NPabderivedprofuseness or brevity> relative stylistic elaboration
   xiū OC: sqlɯw MC: sɨu 0 Attributions

Xiū 修/脩 is Chu dialect for "long". The word is often used as a taboo equivalent for cháng 長 when the latter has to be avoided because it is the name of an emperor.

  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • vibe long (and large/big); ZGC: (of persons) be (so and so many feet) tall
   zhāng OC: krlaŋ MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

Zhāng 張 (ant. suō 縮"shortened") refers to something that is longer than expected or longer than it was before.

  • vadNtightened??
  • viextended; broad
  • vtoNpull (bow), tighten see STRETCH
   zòng OC: dzoŋs MC: dzi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: length in the east-west direction
   màn OC: mons MC: mi̯ɐn 0 Attributions

Màn màn 漫漫 refers to something having a long horizontal extension. See ENDURING

  • vadNrare, poetic shi, CC: long (and thin, winding), elongated
   chān OC: lʰan MC: ʈhiɛn 0 Attributions
  • nlong timber
   yàng OC: k-laŋs MC: ji̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vilong (river)
   mào OC: moos MC: mu 0 Attributions
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: the longest side of a polyhedric solid, and in JZ 9 it also refers to the longest side of a rectangle.The word is glossed by Zhào Shuǎng's 趙爽 commentary to ZB as 長也.
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPabderivedprofuseness or brevity> relative stylistic elaboration

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: