FLOURISH  興盛盛/茂

To GROW so as to BECOME STRONG AND ABUNDANT.
GROWTHRIVEPROSPERDO WELLBURGEONINCREASEMULTIPLYPROLIFERATESPRING UPSHOOT UPBLOOMBLOSSOMBEAR FRUITBURST FORTHRUN RIOTTHRIVEPROSPERBLOOMBE IN GOOD HEALTHBE VIGOROUSBE IN ITS HEYDAYPROGRESSMAKE PROGRESSADVANCEMAKE HEADWAYDEVELOPIMPROVEEVOLVEMAKE STRIDESMOVE FORWARD (IN LEAPS AND BOUNDS)EXPANDINFORMAL BE IN THE PINKGO PLACESGO GREAT GUNSGET SOMEWHERE
Taxonoymy

RIPE

Antonymy

DECLINEWITHER

See also

INCREASE

Kind Of

GROW

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for flourishing or thriving of any kind, abstract or concrete is shèng 盛 (ant. shuāi 衰 "decline").

2. Chāng 昌 and xīng 興 (all ant. wáng 亡 "be ruined"), and lóng 隆 (ant. tì 替 "decline") refer primarily to the flourishing of political institutions and the like.

3. Xí 息, zhí 殖, and fān 蕃 refer specifically to the flourishing of flora and fauna.

4. The literal word for luxuriant growth of plants is mào 茂 (ant. diāo 凋 "dried up").

5. Róng 榮 (ant. kū 枯 "dried up") refers especially to splendid luxuriance of growth as an admirable sight.

6. Fēng 豐 (ant.* wěi 萎 "dried up and thin on the ground") refers to rich thick growth, often as an asset.

7. Fān 蕃 and yù 鬱 (mostly reduplicated yù yù 鬱鬱 ) refer to ample thick growth.

8. Fú shū 扶疏 is a poetic word referring to luxurious growth of plants.

NB: There is a remarkable abundance of terminology in this semantic field, and in many cases the distinctions are less than clear.

Modern Chinese Criteria

興盛

繁榮

景氣

發達

興旺

繁盛

昌盛

強盛

鼎盛

隆盛

旺盛

熾盛

全盛

興隆

榮華

昌明

蓬勃

勃勃

勃然

沸騰

熱火朝天

人歡馬叫

萬馬奔騰

百廢俱興

欣欣向榮

繁榮昌盛

萬古長青

萬古長春

根深葉茂

本固枝榮

綿綿瓜瓞

如日中天

日升月恆

方興未艾

蒸蒸日上

雲蒸霞蔚

氣象萬千

百花齊放

滿園春色

萬紫千紅

盛極一時

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 118?

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1114

薾,

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 91
  • vtoN : 16
  • nab : 9
  • VPi : 8
  • vi.red : 5
  • NPab : 3
  • nab : 2
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vi.red:adN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 25
  • 韓非子 : 23
  • 管子 : 10
  • 說苑 : 8
  • 毛詩 : 8
  • 論語 : 7
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 5
  • 鹽鐵論 : 5
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 楚辭 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   xīng OC: qhɯŋ MC: hɨŋ 42 Attributions
  • nabprocessflourishing
  • viflourish
  • vichangecome to develop strongly; get to flourish; rise to power; go strong; be on the rise
  • vichangefeel stimulated, come to flourish psychologically
  • vt+prep+Nflourish in; come to develop strongly in; develop positively in
  • vtoNcausativecause to develop postitively, promote; cause to flourish; bring to fruition
  • vtoNcausativebe made to flourish
  • viinchoativecome to impose itself/oneself in all one's splendour
   chéng OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ 14 Attributions

The current general word for flourishing or thriving of any kind, abstract or concrete is shèng 盛 (ant. shuāi 衰 "decline").

  • nabprocessthe flourishing, the thriving
  • vadNflourishing; on its peak
  • vibe in a flourishing state, be in full vigour
  • vichangegrow strong; thrive, be currently flourishing and strong, flourish, thrive; flourishing; (of poisons etc.) become virulent
  • vifigurative(of non-physical subjects) develop fully
  • viinchoativestart to flourish; begin to dominate
   chāng OC: thjaŋ MC: tɕhi̯ɐŋ 10 Attributions

Chāng 昌 and xīng 興 (all ant. wáng 亡 "be ruined"), and lóng 隆 (ant. tì 替 "decline") refer primarily to the flourishing of political institutions and the like.

  • viprocessthrive
  • vtoNcausativecause to flourish; make abundant
   zhí OC: djɯɡ MC: dʑɨk 10 Attributions
  • viprocessflourish
   mào OC: moos MC: mu 7 Attributions

The literal word for luxuriant growth of plants is mào 茂 (ant. diāo 凋 "dried up").

  • vibe lush, luxuriant
  • vichangegrow lush, become luxuriant
   fán OC: ban MC: bi̯ɐn 7 Attributions

Fān 蕃 and yù 鬱 (mostly reduplicated yù yù 鬱鬱) refer to ample thick growth.

  • vadNlush, densely overgrown
  • vichangemultiply, flourish
  • viprocessgrow profusely
  • vtoNcausativecause to flourish; allow to flourish
   xī OC: sqlɯɡ MC: sɨk 4 Attributions

Xí 息, zhí 殖, and fān 蕃 refer specifically to the flourishing of flora and fauna.

  • nabprocessthe flourishing ???
  • vichangemultiply, flourish
  • vtoNcausativecuase to flourish; nourish
   qī OC: shiil MC: tshei 3 Attributions
  • vi.redintensitivebe all luxuriant
  • viluxuriant; dense; rich
   lóng OC: ɡ-rum MC: luŋ 3 Attributions
  • nabstativethe flourishing
  • vichangeSJ: flourish; be abundantly present
  • nabtime of flourishing, heyday
   róng OC: ɢʷeŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 2 Attributions

Róng 榮 (ant. kū 枯 "dried up") refers especially to splendid luxuriance of growth as an admirable sight.

  • vibe in a flourishing state
   fù OC: buʔ MC: bɨu 2 Attributions
  • viprocessflourish
博大   bó dà OC: paaɡ daads MC: pɑk dɑi 2 Attributions
  • NPabchangeexpansion and resulting increased importance
  • VPiresultativeflourish so as to become dominant
盛行   shèng xíng OC: djeŋs ɢraaŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ ɦɣaŋ 2 Attributions
  • VPiflourish and be popular, enjoy popularity
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 2 Attributions
  • viprocesssuceed> flourish, thrive
   yī OC: qɯl MC: ʔɨi 1 Attribution
  • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
   zhuàng OC: skraŋs MC: ʈʂi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vichangeget to flourish (see also STRONG)
   jùn OC: sqluns MC: sʷin 1 Attribution
  • vibe high-grown and flourishing
   méng OC: mooŋ MC: muŋ 1 Attribution
  • vi.redbe very dense; be all luxuriant
   chàng OC: khrlaŋs MC: ʈhi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vibe abundant, be ample
   rùn OC: njuns MC: ȵʷin 1 Attribution
  • vadNabundant; (irritatingly) abundant
  • vibe abundant; be in strong shape
   yī OC: qral MC: ʔiɛ 1 Attribution
  • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
   mǎng OC: maaŋʔ MC: mɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • vi.redbe luxuriant
   mò OC: maaɡ MC: mɑk 1 Attribution
  • viluxuriant
   zhēn OC: tsrin MC: ʈʂin 1 Attribution
  • vi.redbe luxuriant
  • vibe luxuriant
   wèi OC: quds MC: ʔɨi 1 Attribution
  • vivaried and rich in vegetation
  • viderivedbe mellifluous, be rhetorically abundant
   fēng OC: phuŋ MC: phuŋ 1 Attribution

Fēng 豐 (ant.* wěi 萎 "dried up and thin on the ground") refers to rich thick growth, often as an asset.

  • vadNrich vegetation
  • vibe of rich vegetation or in commerce (see ABUNDANT)
   cháng OC: ɡrlaŋ MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • nabstativeflourishing or thriving state
   zhāng OC: kjaŋ MC: tɕi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vichangebecome distinguished and flourish; make a name for oneself
   yù OC: qud MC: ʔi̯ut 1 Attribution

Fān 蕃 and yù 鬱 (mostly reduplicated yù yù 鬱鬱) refer to ample thick growth.

  • vi.red:adNintensitiveREDUP: densly growing
  • vi.red:adVin abundant number, in a thick crowd
  • viprocessgrowing densely and irregularly
扶疏   fú shū OC: ba sqra MC: bi̯o ʂi̯ɤ 1 Attribution

Fú shū 扶疏 is a poetic word referring to luxurious growth of plants.

  • VPibe luxuriant
每每   měi měi OC: mɯɯʔ mɯɯʔ MC: muo̝i muo̝i 1 Attribution
  • vi.redintensitivebe very lush
滋侈   zī chǐ OC: tsɯ khljalʔ MC: tsɨ tɕhiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPiintensitivekeep proliferating
盛衰   shèng shuāi OC: djeŋs srul MC: dʑiɛŋ ʂi 1 Attribution
  • NPabprocessflourishing versus decline
茂盛   mào shèng OC: moos djeŋs MC: mu dʑiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe flourishing; flourish in abundance
茂長   mào zhǎng OC: moos krlaŋʔ MC: mu ʈi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiintensitiveflourish in every way
蕃息   fán xī OC: ban sqlɯɡ MC: bi̯ɐn sɨk 1 Attribution
  • VPicontinuousproliferate and flourish
蕃昌   fán chāng OC: ban thjaŋ MC: bi̯ɐn tɕhi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiprocessflourish
   qǐ OC: khɯʔ MC: khɨ 1 Attribution
  • vistart to flourish, rise to full flower or power
   bó MC: bwot OC: bɯɯd 1 Attribution
  • vibe flourishing; be in strong shape
   fèi MC: pj+jH OC: pubs 1 Attribution
  • viflourish, have abundant foliage
   wǔ OC: maʔ MC: mi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vibe abundant; plentiful; luxuriant
   yù OC: qʷɯɡ MC: ʔuk 0 Attributions
  • vibe richly growing; flourishing
   zhí OC: djɯɡ MC: dʑɨk 0 Attributions
  • viprocessflourish; grow abundantly
   qī OC:  MC: tshei 0 Attributions
  • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
   zī OC: tsɯ MC: tsɨ 0 Attributions
  • viprocessgrow in abundance
   xǔ OC: sqaʔ MC: si̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • vibe luxuriant
   zé OC: ɡrlaaɡ MC: ɖɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • nabfeaturelustre, juiciness; richness, luxuriance
   zāng OC: skaaŋ MC: tsɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
   xiù OC: slus MC: sɨu 0 Attributions
       yáo OC: k-lew MC: jiɛu 0 Attributions
    • viluxuriant; flourishing
       qiān OC: snʰiin MC: tshen 0 Attributions
    • vibe flourishing (a state) (LIE)
       péng OC: blooŋ MC: buŋ 0 Attributions
    • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
       běng OC: pooŋʔ MC: puŋ 0 Attributions
    • vibe dense and luxuriant (SHI)
       jīng OC: tseŋ MC: tsiɛŋ 0 Attributions
    • vibe luxuriant
       yù OC: qud MC: ʔi̯ut 0 Attributions
    • vibe luxuriant
       péng OC: booŋ MC: buŋ 0 Attributions
    • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
       ěr OC: m-liilʔ MC: nei 0 Attributions
    • vibe luxuriant (SHUOWEN)
       yǐ OC: ŋɡɯʔ MC: ŋɨ 0 Attributions
    • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
    泥泥    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

    nǐnǐ

    • vibe luxuriant (SHI)
    隆盛   lóng shèng OC: ɡ-rum djeŋs MC: luŋ dʑiɛŋ 0 Attributions
    • VPieventflourish

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: