DRY  乾燥

LACK WATER INSIDE OR ON the SURFACE.
ARIDPARCHEDDROUGHTYSCORCHEDBAKEDWATERLESSMOISTURELESSRAINLESSDEHYDRATEDDESICCATEDTHIRSTYBONE DRY
Antonymy

MOIST

Kind Of

LACK

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The common general term for dryness is zào 燥 (ant. shī 濕 "wet").

2. Gǎo 槁 and kū 枯 (ant. rùn 潤 "lush") are common words referring specifically to dryness of trees and sometimes other plants.

3. Hé/hào 涸 (ant. mǎn 滿 "full of water") views dryness as the result of a process of dissication.

4. Gān 乾 (ant. shī 濕 "wet") focusses on the striking and complete absence of liquid.

5. Jié 渴 merely emphasises insufficient water supply or exhaustion of water supplies.

6. Jiāo 焦 adds to the notion of dryness that of exceesive heat.

CHECK THESE THINGS AGAIN!

Modern Chinese Criteria

乾燥

高燥

乾鬆

乾亢

乾枯

焦枯

枯槁

乾巴

乾巴巴

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 15.84

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DRY

aridus refers to something that has lost its natural moisture through internal factors.

torridus refers to something that has lost its natural moisture through external impact.

siccus refers to dryness on the surface only.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 167

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 351

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 350

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 65

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

areo 'to be dry' [v. II] (P1.+)

Derivatives: dridus 'dry, arid' (P1.+; also ardus PL), peraridus 'very dry' (Cato+),

ardere 'to bum' (P1.+), ardor 'a burning, fire' (Acc.+); area 'open space, clearing'

(P1.+); arefacio 'to make dry' (Cato+; also arfacio Cato, facit are Lucr.); adarescere

'to become dry' (Cato), exarescere 'to dry up' (P1-+), perarescere 'to dry up

thoroughly' (Varro+).

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 274

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 43
  • vadN : 16
  • vtoN : 11
  • VPi : 5
  • nab : 3
  • n : 2
  • vadN : 2

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 12
  • 管子 : 9
  • 韓非子 : 6
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 5
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 黃帝內經 : 2
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 劉義慶世說新語 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   gān OC: kaan MC: kɑn 25 Attributions

Gān 乾 (ant. shī 濕 "wet") focusses on the striking and complete absence of liquid.

  • vadNdried up; parched
  • vibe completely lacking in (life-giving) humidity, dead dry; be dry; be dried
  • vichangeget dry
  • vt(oN)causativecause to become dry> to dry the contextually determinate N
  • vtoNcausativemake dry, cause to become dry
  • vtoNcausativemake things dry NB: the object is not really omitted, but the verb is clearly transitive. This is a tricky case for grammatical analysis.
枯 / 枯㱠   kū OC: khaa MC: khuo̝  OC:  MC:  18 Attributions

Gǎo 槁 and kū 枯 (ant. rùn 潤 "lush") are common words referring specifically to dryness of trees and sometimes other plants. Gǎo 槁 and kū 枯 (ant. rùn 潤 "lush") are common words referring specifically to dryness of trees and sometimes other plants.

  • vadNwaterless; dried-up; dried (fish) 枯魚 "dried fish"
  • vtoNcausativecause to become dry> make dry
  • vistativebe dry; be shrivelled up
  • vichangewither; become all parched; dry up completely
   zào OC: saawʔ MC: sɑu 10 Attributions

The common general term for dryness is zào 燥 (ant. shī 濕 "wet").

  • nsubj=nonhumanwhat is dry
  • nabstativedryness
  • viXUN 1: be comparatively dry (of firewood), be not wet enough; be dry
  • vadNdry (and infertile)
   hé OC: ɡaaɡ MC: ɦɑk 7 Attributions

Hé涸 (ant. mǎn 滿 "full of water") views dryness as the result of a process of dissication.

  • vadNdried up
  • vichangebecome dry, dry up, lose water supply
  • vtoNcausativeHUAINAN: cause to dry up or dry out (as a fishing pond)
   gǎo OC: khoowʔ MC: khɑu 4 Attributions

Gǎo 槁 and kū 枯 (ant. rùn 潤 "lush") are common words referring specifically to dryness of trees and sometimes other plants.

  • vadNshrivelled
  • vichangeturn dry
   jié OC: ɡad MC: gi̯ɐt 4 Attributions

THIS IS THE WRONG CHARACTER AND MUST BE CHANGED UNDER THE NEW SYSTEM!!!!!!

  • vadNdry
  • vibe naturally poorly supplied with water, be dry
  • vichangebecome dry; dry out
  • vtoNcausativecause to become dry: drain
  • vtoNpassivebe drained
焦 / 燋   jiāo OC: tsew MC: tsiɛu jiāo OC: tsew MC: tsiɛu 2 Attributions

Jiāo 焦 adds to the notion of dryness that of exceesive heat. Jiāo 焦 adds to the notion of dryness that of exceesive heat.

  • vadNparched, have lost humidity, dried
  • vtoNcausativeburn so as to make parched dry
  • vichangeget dried out (as of skin etc)
枯竭   kū jié OC: khaa ɡad MC: khuo̝ gi̯ɐt 2 Attributions
  • VPichangedry out, dry up
   lì OC: rɯɯds MC: lei 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativedry
   xī OC: qhlɯl MC: hɨi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativeparch dry 晞髮
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe dried
   zhì OC: tjaɡ MC: tɕiɛk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativecause to be dry by heating
   yuān OC: qon MC: ʔi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • vadNdry (well etc)
   nǜ OC: m-luɡ MC: ɳuk 1 Attribution
  • vichangeshrivel up (as a dead body); be all shrivelled up
旱涸   hàn hé OC: ɡaanʔ ɡaaɡ MC: ɦɑn ɦɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPichangedry up
枯乾   kū gān OC: khaa kaan MC: khuo̝ kɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPichangedry up, dry out
槁暴   gǎo pù OC: khoowʔ booɡ MC: khɑu buk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe all dry; be dried and parched
   huò huō, huá MC: xwat OC: qhʷaad 1 Attribution
  • vifigurativebe dissiccated, inwardly shrivelled up
稿   gǎo MC: -- OC: -- 1 Attribution
  • vifigurativeprocess: =槁 shrivel up
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativeto dry in the sun (SHUOWEN)
   hàn OC: qhlaans MC: hɑn 0 Attributions
  • vibe dry
   xiē OC: qhad MC: hi̯ɐt 0 Attributions
       xuǎn OC: qhonʔ MC: hi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
    • vtoNcausativecause to become dry; to dry in the sun (YI)
       jiāo OC: tsew MC: tsiɛu 0 Attributions
    • vidry out; get dry; shrivel

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: