OFTEN  屢次數(shuo4)

At MANY TIMES.
FREQUENTLYMANY TIMESMANY A TIMEON MANY/NUMEROUS OCCASIONSA LOTAS OFTEN AS NOTREPEATEDLYAGAIN AND AGAINTIME AND (TIME) AGAINALL THE TIMEREGULARLYROUTINELYUSUALLYHABITUALLYCOMMONLYGENERALLYIN MANY CASES/INSTANCESORDINARILYOFTENTIMESRECURRENTLYINFORMAL LOTS
Antonym

ONCEONE TIME.RAREHAPPEN FEW TIMES ONLY.SOMETIMESHAPPENING NOT NEVER.

Hypernym

TIMEABSTRACT OBJECT that all EVENTS ARE-IN. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

ENDURINGBIG in respect of the PERIOD something EXISTS, HAPPENS, OR is being ACTED:done.ALWAYSENDURing USING REPETITION  

Hyponym
  • NORMAL OFTEN:frequent AND CONFORMING to PRINCIPLE.
    • TYPICALLY RARELY NOT
      Old Chinese Criteria

      1. The current general word for high frequency of an event within a certain period of time is shuò 數 " several times in a row" (xī 希 "rarely").

      2. Lu# 屢 "quite a few times" (ant. hǎn 罕 "very seldom") indicates that an event has many precursors similar to it in the past, and the word does not emphasise the high frequency.

      3. Qì 亟 and pín 頻 "very often" (ant.* ǒu 偶 "on and off") are probably more intensitive than shuò 數.

      4. Zòu 驟 "repeatedly, within a short period of time" (ant. shū 疏 "at long intervals") is more temporary in nature.

      5. Cháng 常 (ant. xiǎn 鮮 "quite rarely, in the natural course of events") refers to fequency as a symptom of something being ordinary and only to be expected.

      6. Duō 多 (ant. shǎo 少 "a few times, few times") is a colourless word indicating that something is of generally frequent occurrence.

      Modern Chinese Criteria

      常常

      平常

      尋常

      不時

      時時

      時常

      通常

      經常

      往往

      一再

      再三

      多次

      屢次

      累次

      迭次

      屢屢

      累累

      比比

      頻繁

      頻數

      頻仍

      反復

      再三再四

      屢次三番

      三番五次

      一次一次

      翻來覆去

      first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

      Old Chinese Contrasts

      LEIBNIZ 6.4 P. 31 S a e p e non raro.

      • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 14.32

      • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

        OFTEN

        saepe refers to something occurring more than once, several times.

        crebro refers to something occurring often and in quick succession.

        frequenter refers to something occurring quite often and not at all rarely.

      • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 52

      • Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary ( TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996) p. 406

      • Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary ( TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996) p. 455

      • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 1.448.404

        SOUVENT.FREQUEMENT

      • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 557/566

      Attributions by syntactic funtion

      • vadV : 30
      • nadV : 5
      • VPadV : 5
      • VPi : 3
      • vadV : 2
      • vadN : 1
      • vi.red:adV : 1
      • v.red:adV : 1
      • vi : 1
      • VPpostadV : 1
      • NPab : 1

      Attributions by text

      • 說苑 : 6
      • 呂氏春秋 : 6
      • 論衡 : 6
      • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
      • 賢愚經 : 4
      • 百喻經 : 4
      • 祖堂集 : 3
      • 鹽鐵論 : 3
      • 莊子 : 3
      • 法句經 : 2
      • 戰國策 : 2
      • 韓非子 : 1
      • 墨子 : 1
      • 晏子春秋 : 1
      • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
      • 老子 : 1
      • 荀子 : 1
      • 史記 : 1
      • 楚辭 : 1

      Words

         shuò OC: sqrooɡ MC: ʂɣɔk 15 Attributions

      The current general word for high frequency of an event within a certain period of time is shuò 數" several times in a row" (xī 希 "rarely").

      • vadVnumerous times, frequently; on several occasions; at frequent intervals
      • vt+prep+Nto frequent, to visit often, be a frequent visitor at
         duō OC: k-laal MC: tɑ 7 Attributions

      Duō 多 (ant. shǎo 少 "a few times, few times") is a colourless word indicating that something is of generally frequent occurrence.

      • vadNabfrequent
      • vadVin the majority of cases; often; in many cases; mostly; all the time
      • vibe frequent, be the standard case
         lǚ OC: ɡ-ros MC: li̯o 6 Attributions

      Lu# 屢 "quite a few times" (ant. hǎn 罕 "very seldom") indicates that an event has many precursors similar to it in the past, and the word does not emphasise the high frequency.

      • vadVfrequently, many times in the past
      • vadNfrequent
      • vtoNcausativemake frequent (good harvest etc)
         shí OC: ɡljɯ MC: dʑɨ 5 Attributions
      • nadVfrom time to time> sometimes; often; periodically; several times; at regular intervals; all the time
         cháng OC: djaŋ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions

      Cháng 常 (ant. xiǎn 鮮 "quite rarely, in the natural course of events") refers to regularity as a symptom of something being ordinary and only to be expected. See ENDURING

      • vadVoften
      • vadNrecurrent
      再三   zài sān OC: tsɯɯs saam MC: tsəi sɑm 3 Attributions
      • VPadVtwo three times > several times, frequently
      • VPpostadVseveral times
      比肩   bǐ jiān OC: piʔ keen MC: pi ken 3 Attributions
      • VPadVfrequently, all the time
      • VPibe shoulder to shoulder> be frequent
         zhòu OC: sɡrus MC: ɖʐɨu 2 Attributions

      Zòu 驟 "repeatedly, within a short period of time" (ant. shū 疏 "at long intervals") is more temporary in nature.

      • vadVrepeatedly
      慇懃   yīn qín OC: qɯn ɡlɯn MC: ʔɨn gɨn 2 Attributions
      • VPadVrepeatedly and insistently
      • VPiactpersist
         qì OC: khɯɡs MC: khɨ 1 Attribution

      Qì 亟 and pín 頻 "very often" (ant.* ǒu 偶 "on and off") are probably more intensitive than shuò 數.

      • vadVoften
         pín OC: bin MC: bin 1 Attribution

      Qì 亟 and pín 頻 "very often" (ant.* ǒu 偶 "on and off") are probably more intensitive than shuò 數.

      • vadVmany times
      • vi.red:adVoften, frequently
      二三   èr sān OC: njis saam MC: ȵi sɑm 1 Attribution
      • NPabeventseveral times
      • VPadVseveral times
      平生   píng shēng OC: breŋ sraaŋ MC: bɣaŋ ʂɣaŋ 1 Attribution
      • VPadVcustomarily, usually, as a habit (Tang poetry)
      往往   wǎng wǎng OC: ɢʷaŋʔ ɢʷaŋʔ MC: ɦi̯ɐŋ ɦi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
      • v.red:adVoften
         bǐ OC: piʔ MC: pi 0 Attributions
      • vadVin-a-row> frequently
         chóng OC: doŋ MC: ɖi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
      • vadVagain and again> often, repeatedly
      萬萬   wàn wàn OC: mblans mblans MC: mi̯ɐn mi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
      • v.red:adVmany, many times
         cháng OC: ɡrlaŋ MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • vadVoften; all the time (used like 常)
         wǎng OC: ɢʷaŋʔ MC: ɦi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • vadVreduplicated 往往: from time to time, now and again

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: