OFTEN  屢次數(shuo4)

At MANY TIMES.
FREQUENTLYMANY TIMESMANY A TIMEON MANY/NUMEROUS OCCASIONSA LOTAS OFTEN AS NOTREPEATEDLYAGAIN AND AGAINTIME AND (TIME) AGAINALL THE TIMEREGULARLYROUTINELYUSUALLYHABITUALLYCOMMONLYGENERALLYIN MANY CASES/INSTANCESORDINARILYOFTENTIMESRECURRENTLYINFORMAL LOTS
Taxonoymy

NORMALTYPICALLY

Antonymy

ONCERARESOMETIMES

See also

ENDURINGALWAYS

Kind Of

TIME

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for high frequency of an event within a certain period of time is shuò 數 " several times in a row" (xī 希 "rarely").

2. Lu# 屢 "quite a few times" (ant. hǎn 罕 "very seldom") indicates that an event has many precursors similar to it in the past, and the word does not emphasise the high frequency.

3. Qì 亟 and pín 頻 "very often" (ant.* ǒu 偶 "on and off") are probably more intensitive than shuò 數.

4. Zòu 驟 "repeatedly, within a short period of time" (ant. shū 疏 "at long intervals") is more temporary in nature.

5. Cháng 常 (ant. xiǎn 鮮 "quite rarely, in the natural course of events") refers to fequency as a symptom of something being ordinary and only to be expected.

6. Duō 多 (ant. shǎo 少 "a few times, few times") is a colourless word indicating that something is of generally frequent occurrence.

Modern Chinese Criteria

常常

平常

尋常

不時

時時

時常

通常

經常

往往

一再

再三

多次

屢次

累次

迭次

屢屢

累累

比比

頻繁

頻數

頻仍

反復

再三再四

屢次三番

三番五次

一次一次

翻來覆去

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

Old Chinese Contrasts

LEIBNIZ 6.4 P. 31 S a e p e non raro.

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 14.32

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

OFTEN

saepe refers to something occurring more than once, several times.

crebro refers to something occurring often and in quick succession.

frequenter refers to something occurring quite often and not at all rarely.

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 52

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 406

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 455

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.448.404

SOUVENT.FREQUEMENT

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 557/566

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadV : 69
  • nadV : 7
  • VPadV : 5
  • VPi : 3
  • vadV : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • vi : 2
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vtoN : 1
  • VPpostadV : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • vi.red:adV : 1
  • v.red:adV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 25
  • 春秋左傳 : 16
  • 說苑 : 6
  • 呂氏春秋 : 6
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 論語 : 5
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 百喻經 : 4
  • 鹽鐵論 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   shuò OC: sqrooɡ MC: ʂɣɔk 31 Attributions

The current general word for high frequency of an event within a certain period of time is shuò 數" several times in a row" (xī 希 "rarely").

  • vadVnumerous times, frequently; on several occasions; at frequent intervals
  • vt+prep+Nto frequent, to visit often, be a frequent visitor at
   duō OC: k-laal MC: tɑ 18 Attributions

Duō 多 (ant. shǎo 少 "a few times, few times") is a colourless word indicating that something is of generally frequent occurrence.

  • vadNabfrequent
  • vadVin the majority of cases; often; in many cases; mostly; all the time
  • vibe frequent, be the standard case
   lǚ OC: ɡ-ros MC: li̯o 13 Attributions

Lu# 屢 "quite a few times" (ant. hǎn 罕 "very seldom") indicates that an event has many precursors similar to it in the past, and the word does not emphasise the high frequency.

  • vadVfrequently, many times in the past
  • vadNfrequent
  • vtoNcausativemake frequent (good harvest etc)
   zhòu OC: sɡrus MC: ɖʐɨu 8 Attributions

Zòu 驟 "repeatedly, within a short period of time" (ant. shū 疏 "at long intervals") is more temporary in nature.

  • vadVrepeatedly
   shí OC: ɡljɯ MC: dʑɨ 7 Attributions
  • nadVfrom time to time> sometimes; often; periodically; several times; at regular intervals; all the time
   qì OC: khɯɡs MC: khɨ 4 Attributions

Qì 亟 and pín 頻 "very often" (ant.* ǒu 偶 "on and off") are probably more intensitive than shuò 數.

  • vadVoften
   cháng OC: djaŋ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions

Cháng 常 (ant. xiǎn 鮮 "quite rarely, in the natural course of events") refers to regularity as a symptom of something being ordinary and only to be expected. See ENDURING

  • vadVoften
  • vadNrecurrent
再三   zài sān OC: tsɯɯs saam MC: tsəi sɑm 3 Attributions
  • VPadVtwo three times > several times, frequently
  • VPpostadVseveral times
比肩   bǐ jiān OC: piʔ keen MC: pi ken 3 Attributions
  • VPadVfrequently, all the time
  • VPibe shoulder to shoulder> be frequent
慇懃   yīn qín OC: qɯn ɡlɯn MC: ʔɨn gɨn 2 Attributions
  • VPadVrepeatedly and insistently
  • VPiactpersist
   pín OC: bin MC: bin 1 Attribution

Qì 亟 and pín 頻 "very often" (ant.* ǒu 偶 "on and off") are probably more intensitive than shuò 數.

  • vadVmany times
  • vi.red:adVoften, frequently
二三   èr sān OC: njis saam MC: ȵi sɑm 1 Attribution
  • NPabeventseveral times
  • VPadVseveral times
平生   píng shēng OC: breŋ sraaŋ MC: bɣaŋ ʂɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadVcustomarily, usually, as a habit (Tang poetry)
往往   wǎng wǎng OC: ɢʷaŋʔ ɢʷaŋʔ MC: ɦi̯ɐŋ ɦi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • v.red:adVoften
   bǐ OC: piʔ MC: pi 0 Attributions
  • vadVin-a-row> frequently
   chóng OC: doŋ MC: ɖi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • vadVagain and again> often, repeatedly
萬萬   wàn wàn OC: mblans mblans MC: mi̯ɐn mi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • v.red:adVmany, many times
   cháng OC: ɡrlaŋ MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vadVoften; all the time (used like 常)
   wǎng OC: ɢʷaŋʔ MC: ɦi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vadVreduplicated 往往: from time to time, now and again

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: