RARE  罕見

HAPPEN FEW TIMES ONLY.
SELDOMINFREQUENTSCARCESPARSEFEW AND FAR BETWEENTHIN ON THE GROUNDLIKE GOLD DUSTAS SCARCE AS HEN'S TEETHOCCASIONALLIMITEDODDISOLATEDUNACCUSTOMEDUNWONTEDRARELYRARELYINFREQUENTLYHARDLY (EVER)SCARCELY (EVER)ALMOST NEVERNOW AND THENOCCASIONALLYSPORADICALLYINFORMAL ONCE IN A BLUE MOON
Antonymy

OFTEN

See also

TIMES

Kind Of

FEW

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for seldom is hǎn 罕 (ant. lu# 屢 "fairly often), which tends to refer to a very low fequency of occurrence of something.

2. Xiǎn 鮮 (ant. cháng 常 "frequently, in the natural course of events") refer to a dramatic degree of scarcity.

3. Xī 希 / 稀 (ant. shuò 數 "repeatedly, many times, several times") refers to relative scarcity or sparseness both in time and in space.

4. Shǎo 少 (ant. duō 多 "often") is a colourless word frequently used to indicate non-specifically that something is not often seen.

Modern Chinese Criteria

稀少

希罕

稀有

鮮有

罕有

少有

罕聞

罕見

少見

鮮見

僅見

偶見

偶發

難得

難遇

鐵樹開花

千載難逢

千載一時

百年不遇

十年九不遇

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Old Chinese Contrasts

LEIBNIZ 6.4 P. 31: R a r o, id est paucis temporibus (vel locis).

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadV : 28
  • VPi : 4
  • VPadN : 3
  • VPpostadV : 2
  • NPpostadV : 1
  • VPadV : 1
  • NP : 1
  • vt+prep+Nab{ACT} : 1
  • nadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 賢愚經 : 10
  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 論語 : 5
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 春秋繁露 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   xiǎn OC: sqenʔ MC: siɛn 14 Attributions

Xiǎn 鮮 (ant. cháng 常 "frequently, in the natural course of events") refer to a dramatic degree of scarcity.

  • vadVrarely, in only a few cases
   guǎ OC: kʷraaʔ MC: kɣɛ 5 Attributions
  • vadVseldom, rarely
希 / 稀   xī OC: qhlɯl MC: hɨi xī OC: qhlɯl MC: hɨi 4 Attributions

Xī 希/稀 (ant. shuò 數 "repeatedly, many times, several times") refers to relative scarcity or sparseness both in time and in space. Xī 希/稀 (ant. shuò 數 "repeatedly, many times, several times") refers to relative scarcity or sparseness both in time and in space.

  • vadVrarely in time and space
  • vt+prep+Nab{ACT}be reluctant to V, rarely V
  • vtoNputativefind rare
殊特   shū tè OC: djo ɡ-lɯɯɡ MC: dʑi̯o dək 4 Attributions
  • VPadVin a rare way; extraordinarily
  • VPibe special; be extraordinary
  • VPpostadVto an extraordinary extent
   shǎo OC: hmljewʔ MC: ɕiɛu 3 Attributions

Shǎo 少 (ant. duō 多 "often") is a colourless word frequently used to indicate non-specifically that something is not often seen.

  • vadVseldom
  • vibe rare
  • vichangebecome rare
希有 / 稀有   xī yǒu OC: qhlɯl ɢʷɯʔ MC: hɨi ɦɨu xī yǒu OC: qhlɯl ɢʷɯʔ MC: hɨi ɦɨu 3 Attributions
  • VPadNrare (event); rare and precious (thing) 甚稀有
   hǎn OC: qhaanʔ MC: hɑn 2 Attributions

The current general word for seldom is hǎn 罕 (ant. lu# 屢 "fairly often), which tends to refer to a very low fequency of occurrence of something.

  • vadVvery rarely
世之稀有   shì zhī xī yǒu OC: lʰebs kljɯ qhlɯl ɢʷɯʔ MC: ɕiɛi tɕɨ hɨi ɦɨu 2 Attributions
  • NPpredicaterarity
  • NPpostadVin a way that is rare in this world
   shū OC: sqra MC: ʂi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vadVat long intervals
   jiān OC: krɯɯn MC: kɣɛn 1 Attribution
  • nadNN=nonhuarchaic: hard-to-obtain
挺特   tíng tè OC: deeŋ ɡ-lɯɯɡ MC: deŋ dək 1 Attribution
  • VPibe extraordinary, be very special
稀有   xī yǒu OC: qhlɯl ɢʷɯʔ MC: hɨi ɦɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPibe rare
世之少雙   shì zhī shǎo shuāng OC: lʰebs kljɯ hmljewʔ srooŋ MC: ɕiɛi tɕɨ ɕiɛu ʂɣɔŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe almost unequalled in the world
不世   bù shì OC: pɯʔ lʰebs MC: pi̯ut ɕiɛi 0 Attributions
  • VPibe rare in this world
少雙   shǎo shuāng OC: hmljewʔ srooŋ MC: ɕiɛu ʂɣɔŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe scarcely parallelled by anyone/anything

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: