DEITIES  鬼神

DEITIES.For an extensive list of designations for deified persons, gods and spirits see R. Matthieu 1983, vol. 2, pp. 1051 - 1071.
GODGODDESSDIVINE BEINGSUPREME BEINGDIVINITYIMMORTALCREATORDEMIURGEGODHEAD
Old Chinese Criteria

HUANG

ADD LOTS of further spirits. Find Birrell, Chinese Mythology. DON'T blindly use Werner, but for those deities that he has, give page number.

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 207

Donnergott:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 213

gefluegelte Menschen:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 224

Mondhase, Mondkroete:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 238

Sonnenrabe:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 241

Tiere, seltsame; Tiergeister etc:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 251

Wesen mit Menschenkopf und Drachen- oder Schlangenleib:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 251

Windgott:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 791

Regenmeister:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 835

Windgott:

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

HO PE 河伯

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

DEMONS, GODS AND GODDESSES

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

DEMONOLOGY

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NPpr : 25
  • n : 3
  • npr : 3
  • NP[adN.]pr : 2
  • NP : 2
  • NP : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 6
  • 韓非子 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 漢書 : 1
  • : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

后稷   hòu jì OC: ɡooʔ tsɯɡ MC: ɦu tsɨk 8 Attributions
  • NPprStandard Name: Hòu Jì 后稷 Personal Name: Qì 棄 Unger no. 202 ????
梵天   fàn tiān OC: bloms lʰiin MC: bi̯ɐm then 4 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: the god SANSKRIT Brahmā, described as having persuaded Buddha to spread his teaching; Brahmadeva
   tiān 3 Attributions
  • nprHeaven
  • nabconceptthe concept of Heaven
河伯   hé bó OC: ɡlaal praaɡ MC: ɦɑ pɣɛk 2 Attributions
  • NPprLord of the Yellow River SEE UNGER SACH Ho pe
  • NPprvocativeLord of the Yellow River
雨師   yǔ shī OC: ɢʷraʔ sril MC: ɦi̯o ʂi 2 Attributions
  • NPprGod of Rain
魔王   mó wáng OC: maal ɢʷaŋ MC: mʷɑ ɦi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPprKing of Hell
大自在天   dà zì zài tiān OC: daads sblids sɡɯɯʔ lʰiin MC: dɑi dzi dzəi then 2 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: Buddhist god, corrsponding to Śiva (the chief god of Hinduism; see also 摩醯首羅); SANSKRIT Maheśvara; PALI Mahissara
   kuí OC: ɡrul MC: gi 1 Attribution
  • none-legged monster
   méi OC: mɯɯ MC: muo̝i 1 Attribution
  • nprGod of Fecundity (to whom one prays for offspring)
   yù OC: ɢʷrɯɡ MC: ɦɨk 1 Attribution
  • nwater demon
司慎   sī shèn OC: sqlɯ djins MC: sɨ dʑin 1 Attribution
  • NP[adN.]prSupervisor of Ritual Diligence
司盟   sī méng OC: sqlɯ mraŋ MC: sɨ mɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • NP[adN.]prSupervisor of Contracts
畢方   bì fāng OC: pid paŋ MC: pit pi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPprBì Fāng 畢方 (legendary, Anne Birrell, The Classic of Mountains and Seas translated the name: Endsquarebird.) was a personified one-legged tree sprite abstaining from the five kinds of grain, occasionally credited with human face.. HF has >Shi Kuang 師曠 listing this Bi Fang as being in the entourage of the >Yellow Emperor.  [Anne Birrell Chinese Mythology. For a useful survey of the folklore concerning Bi Fang 中國神話人物辭典 p. 230]
蚩尤   chī yóu OC: khljɯ ɢʷɯ MC: tɕhɨ ɦɨu 1 Attribution
  • nChìyóu 蚩尤 was said to be a descendant of >Emperor Yan of the Shang 商炎帝 . His surname was Jiang 姜. He counted as the most luan 亂 “unruly” of the nobles of his time. On the other hand he is said to have been the first to have used metal in order to produce weapons. [GUAN 77] A mythical warrior, originally also said to have been a supporter of the Yellow Emperor, he nonetheless defeated and killed by the Yellow Emperor in the battle of Zhuo Lu 涿鹿. [SJ 1.4 etc.]  A military classic is attributed to him in the bibliography of HS, but this has long been lost. According to the old commentary to the LSCQ 7.1, Chiyou was legendary leader of the 九黎 “Nine Tribes” of the East. LSCQ 7.2 explicitly rejects reports that he was the inventor of metal weaponry 人曰「蚩尤作兵」,蚩尤非作兵也. [SHU 25; SJ 1.3ff, and 28; ZHUANG 29; DDLJ 33] See Birrell, Mythology p. 296
風伯   fēng bó OC: plum praaɡ MC: puŋ pɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • NPprGod of the Wind
魔羅   mó luó OC: maal b-raal MC: mʷɑ lɑ 1 Attribution
  • NPprMara
夜叉鬼   yè chā guǐ OC: k-laɡs skhraa kulʔ MC: jɣɛ ʈʂhɣɛ kɨi 1 Attribution
  • NPdemon; yaksha
忉利天   dāo lì tiān OC: k-laaw rids lʰiin MC: tɑu li then 1 Attribution
  • NPbuddhistBUDDH: the Thirty-three (Gods); skr. Trāyastriṃśa; pali Tāvatiṃsa
熱時焰   rè shí yàn OC: ŋjed ɡljɯ k-lamʔ MC: ȵiɛt dʑɨ jiɛm 1 Attribution
  • NPprHeat Spirit
山川   shān chuān MC: srean tsyhwen OC: sreen khjon 1 Attribution
  • NPpluralspirits of the mountain s and of the rivers
赤松   chì sōng sóng  MC: tsyhek zjowng  OC: khjaɡ sɢloŋ  1 Attribution
  • NPprChì Sōng 赤松 (legendary, no dates) also called 赤松子, in HNZ 9 赤誦子, is a widely acclaimed immortal, traditionally identified with the deity Master of Rain 雨師. Xu Shen’s commentary on HNZ 12 reports that he left for the mountains because he fell ill, and that he practised the art of levitation. He is said to have lived during the time of the Divine Husbandman >Shen Nong 神農. CC praises him as having purified himself of the dust of this world. (tr. Hawkes p. 194). In CC 11.1 and 14.1 he is mentioned, as often elsewhere, together with >Wang Qiao 王喬. HSWZ 5.27 has him as the teacher of >Emperor Ku 帝嚳. He is said to be in charge of rainfall and also a specialist in respiratory techniques. In Liexianzhuan 列仙傳 [ed. Kaltenmark 1987, 35, ed. Wang Shumin p. 1] he is celebrated in the opening entry as being able to walk through fire and as frequenting Xiwangmu 西王母 . The youngest daughter of Emperor Yan of the Shang 商炎帝 is said to have pursued him amorously and to have achieved immortality that way. [HNZ 11.13b and 20.10a, BHT 15, tr. Tjan p. 483]
   tǔ OC: kh-laaʔ MC: thuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • nprspirit of the Earth (perhaps the graph stands for 社)
   bá OC: bood MC: bʷɑt 0 Attributions
  • nwicked nature spirit capable to bringing on mainly drought
   xū OC: qhla MC: hi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • nwicked spirit of waste and luxury
三皇   sān huáng OC: saam ɡʷaaŋ MC: sɑm ɦɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPthe Three Sovereigns 伏羲,神農,黃帝
八部   bā bù OC: preed bɯʔ MC: pɣɛt buo̝ 0 Attributions
  • NPcolloquialDCD 佛教分諸天鬼神及龍為八部。《翻譯名義集‧八部》:“一天、二龍、三夜叉、四乾闥婆、五阿脩羅、六迦樓羅、七緊那羅、八摩侯羅伽。”
寒暑   hán shǔ OC: ɡaan qhljaʔ MC: ɦɑn ɕi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • NPprspirits of the cold and the heat
死王   sǐ wáng OC: pliʔ ɢʷaŋ MC: si ɦi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPprThanatos, King of Death
光音天   guāng yīn tiān OC: kʷaaŋ qrɯm lʰiin MC: kɑŋ ʔim then 0 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: gods of the Bright Sound heaven; SANSKRIT Aabhāsvara
因陀羅   yīn tuó luó OC: qin laal b-raal MC: ʔin dɑ lɑ 0 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: Vedic god which was also integrated in the Buddhist system of deities (see also Tiāndìshì 天帝釋 and Dìtiānshì 帝天釋); SANSKRIT Indra; PALI Inda
天帝釋   tiān dì shì OC: lʰiin k-leeɡs lʰaɡ MC: then tei ɕiɛk 0 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: Vedic god which was also integrated in the Buddhist system of deities (see also Tiāndìshì 帝天釋 and Shìtíhuānīn 釋提桓因); SANSKRIT Indra; PALI Inda the full name is: Śakro devānām indraḥ 'Śakra, chief of the Gods' (Śakra being the personal name of Indra)
帝釋天   dì shì tiān OC: k-leeɡs lʰaɡ lʰiin MC: tei ɕiɛk then 0 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: Vedic god which was also integrated in the Buddhist system of deities (see also Tiāndìshì 天帝釋 and Shìtíhuānīn 釋提桓因); SANSKRIT Indra; PALI Inda
緊那羅   jǐn nà luó OC: kinʔ naals b-raal MC: kin nɑ lɑ 0 Attributions
  • NPbuddhistBUDDH: god of song (one of the kind of creatures who protect the Buddhist teaching); SANSKRIT kiṃnara, PALI kinnara
西王母   xī wáng mǔ OC: sqɯɯl ɢʷaŋ mɯʔ MC: sei ɦi̯ɐŋ mu 0 Attributions
  • NPprQueen Mother of the West
摩醯首羅   mó xī shǒu luó OC: maal qhee qhljuʔ b-raal MC: mʷɑ hei ɕɨu lɑ 0 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: Buddhist god, corrsponding to Śiva (the chief god of Hinduism; see also 大自在天); SANSKRIT Maheśvara; PALI Mahissara
釋提桓因   shì tí huán yīn OC: lʰaɡ ɡ-lee ɢoon qin MC: ɕiɛk dei ɦʷɑn ʔin 0 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: Vedic god which was also integrated in the Buddhist system of deities (see also Tiāndìshì 天帝釋 and Dìtiānshì 帝天釋); SANSKRIT Indra; PALI Inda
梵忍跡天子   fàn rěn jì, jī tiān zǐ zǐ OC: bloms njinʔ sklaɡ lʰiin sklɯʔ MC: bi̯ɐm ȵin tsiɛk then tsɨ 0 Attributions
  • NPprbuddhistBUDDH: a Buddhist god; SANSKRIT Brahmā Sahāṃpati
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPpluralspirits of the mountain s and of the rivers

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: