BUT  然則

AND, CONTRARY to OR DIFFERENT from what has NOW been SPEAK:said.
HOWEVER
See also

NONETHELESS

Kind Of

AND

Modern Chinese Criteria

但是

然而

只是

不過

可是

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH / LU JIANMING

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 77

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 73

ARYUTUNOVA 2002 Logicheskii analiz yazyka 348

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 39A

ABER

SINGER 2002 Thesaurus proverbiorum medii aevi 1,13

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • padV1.postV2 : 117
  • padS1.post-S2 : 76
  • padS1.postS2 : 46
  • PPadS1.postS2 : 26
  • PPadV.postS : 7
  • vt+V1.postadV2 : 4
  • padV.postN{SUBJ} : 4
  • padV.postN:postS : 2
  • vadS1.post-S2 : 2
  • xxyy : 1
  • padV.post-S : 1
  • PP+Nab{PRED}.postS : 1
  • padS : 1

Attributions by text

  • 荀子 : 78
  • 論語 : 53
  • 孟子 : 24
  • 韓非子 : 22
  • 說苑 : 21
  • 春秋左傳 : 17
  • 孝經 : 16
  • 臨濟錄 : 11
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 9
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 7
  • 墨子 : 5
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 晏子春秋 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 典論一卷 : 1
  • 新序 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   ér OC: njɯ MC: ȵɨ 214 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2but
  • padS1.postS2but, and yet
  • padV.postN{SUBJ}contrastive subject marker: the N, on the other hand he Ved
  • padV1.postV2adversativebut on the other hand; but on the contrary; and yet; but; whereas;樂而不淫"is joyful without being extravagant" between subject and predicate the word indicates that the predication is unexpected
然則   rán zé OC: njen skɯɯɡ MC: ȵiɛn tsək 20 Attributions
  • PPadS1.postS2this being so, on the other hand...; if that is how things stand, then...; in that case, then...
   yì OC: qɯɡ MC: ʔɨk 12 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2adversativehowever,...
   zé OC: skɯɯɡ MC: tsək 11 Attributions
  • padS1.postS2but, as unexpected, nonetheless
  • padV.postN:postSadversativestrong adversative modality: but on the contrary; nonetheless
顧 / 故   gù OC: klaas MC: kuo̝ gù OC: kaas MC: kuo̝ 7 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2on the contrary, instead; however; occasionally: on the other hand in return??
祇麼   qí mǒ OC: ɡe maalʔ MC: giɛ mʷɑ 7 Attributions
  • PPadV.postScontrastivebut; but instead; whereas; nevertheless (Song colloquial)
要且   yào qiě OC: qews MC: ʔiɛu tshɣɛ 6 Attributions
  • PPadS1.postS2however, but (occasionally used in the pattern 雖然... 要且...)
   yǐ OC: k-lɯʔ MC: jɨ 4 Attributions
  • vt+V1.postadV2e.g. 小人甘以壞 "the petty man is sweet but ruins things": but; but in spite of this
   jì OC: kɯds MC: kɨi 2 Attributions
  • vadS1.post-S2but in the end??
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 1 Attribution
  • padV.post-Sbut in the end
則是   zé shì OC: skɯɯɡ ɡljeʔ MC: tsək dʑiɛ 1 Attribution
  • PP+Nab{PRED}.postSbut this is a case of Nab
   nǎi OC: nɯɯʔ MC: nəi 1 Attribution
  • padSSHU: but
而又   ér yòu MC: nyi hjuwH OC: njɯ ɢʷɯs 1 Attribution
  • padS1.postS2and yet, but still
   fān OC: phan MC: phi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • padS1.postS2on the contrary; instead 反而: 庾信 《臥疾窮愁》詩:"有菊翻無酒,無弦則有琴。"
   zhuǎn OC: tonʔ MC: ʈiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vadS1.post-S2Turning things round> on the other hand, on the contrary, but
   kě OC: khlaalʔ MC: khɑ 0 Attributions
  • padS1.post-S2but
   zhí OC: dɯɡ MC: ɖɨk 0 Attributions
  • vadS1.post-S2but then; however; on the contrary

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: