ASSESS  估量

THINK so as to TRY to OR ACHIEVE to FIX the VALUE OR SIZE of something.
EVALUATEJUDGEGAUGERATEESTIMATEAPPRAISECONSIDERGET THE MEASURE OFDETERMINEANALYZE
Taxonoymy

CALCULATEESTIMATEMEASURE

Antonymy

DISREGARD

Kind Of

THINK

Old Chinese Criteria

[DEFINITIVE/TENTATIVE]

[FIGURATIVE/LITERAL]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[PRECISE/VAGUE]

[PROSPECTIVE/RETROSPECTIVE]

1. Jì 計 refers to assessing something by a process of literal or figurative "precise calculation", and this is perhaps the most general word in this field.

[GENERAL], [PRECISE]

2. Liào 料 refers to a tentative and approximative subjective assessment, typically of probabilities.

[APPROXIMATIVE], [PROSPECTIVE], [TENTATIVE]

3. Cè 測 are to assess roughly or approximately, typically probabilities of the future, but also current matters.

[VAGUE], [TENTATIVE]

4. Lùn 論 focusses on the judgment passed explicitly by way of explicit assessment, and the word often has a theoretical or juridical flavour.

[DEFINITIVE], [EXPLICIT]

5. Liáng 量 refers very often literally to measuring physical dimensions of any kind, but can also be used figuratively to mean "fathom, imagine fully the size of something".

[LITERAL!]

6. Duó 度 is often more abstract in nuance and expresses something in the direction of a conclusive opinion about the matter assessed. Thus this meaning of duó 度 is close to the related meaning "reckon that, consider that".

[FIGURATIVE]; [[RARE]], [[MARGINAL]]

7. Chéng 程 is to apply an administrative standard in the bureaucratic assessment of something.

[DEFINITIVE], [OFFICIAL], [PRECISE]

8. Jiān 監 is to assess continuously through surveillence and the like, often through the intermediary of others.

[LASTING], [OFFICIAL], [VAGUE]

9. Chēng 稱 is primarily to assess the weight of something. See WEIGH.

10. Xiàng 相 is specifically to assess the basic inner true qualities of something on the basis of external features, as in physiognomy or the art of assessing the true quality horses by heir appearance.

[DEFINITIVE], [PRECISE], [SPECIFIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

估計

估價

估量

打量

估摸

掂掇 diānduo (coll) refers to thinkings somehting over so as to assess it.

忖量

忖度

算計

自分

度德量力

審時度勢

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.54

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 230

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 2.2235

JUGEMENT

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 11.430

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 38A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 98
  • nab : 9
  • VPtoN : 7
  • vtoN.adV : 2
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 2
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • vt prep N : 1
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2 : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • vtoS : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 35
  • 管子 : 19
  • 呂氏春秋 : 8
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 韓詩外傳 : 6
  • 史記 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 2
  • 記纂淵海 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 忠經 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 劉義慶世說新語 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 周易 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   jì OC: kiis MC: kei 19 Attributions

Jì 計 refers to assessing something by a process of literal or figurative "precise calculation", and this is perhaps the most general word in this field. [GENERAL], [PRECISE]

  • vtoNassess precisely by calculation; assess precisely as if by calculation
  • vtoNconativetry to assess or ascertain precisely (reasons etc) by calculating things carefully
  • vtoSassess a situation such that S is true of it
   liáng OC: ɡ-raŋ MC: li̯ɐŋ 19 Attributions

Liáng 量 refers very often literally to measuring physical dimensions of any kind, but can also be used figuratively to mean "fathom, imagine fully the size of something". [LITERAL!]

  • nabfigurativeassessment, asumption, viewpoint (in the BUDDH context sometimes: doctrinal conviction)
  • nabmethodmeasure, calculation
  • vtoNmeasure surface, weight, size, volume or abstract things; also LH: assess precisely (conduct)
  • vtoNpassivebe assessed
  • vttoN.+V[0]assess (oneself) to V
  • vtoN.adVassessing N to V
   lùn OC: ɡ-ruuns MC: luo̝n 16 Attributions

Lùn 論 focusses on the judgment passed explicitly by way of explicit assessment, and the word often has a theoretical or juridical flavour. [DEFINITIVE], [EXPLICIT]

  • nabactassessments
  • vtoNassess professionally (somebody); adjudicate; classify
  • vtoNN=nonhuassess (a matter), find the truth about (a matter)
  • vtoNpassivebe properly assessed; get properly assessed
  • vtoNpsychassess (oneself)
  • vtoSassess whether S is true
   xiàng OC: sqaŋs MC: si̯ɐŋ 15 Attributions
  • vtoNassess professionally by physiognomy applied to all parts of the body
   duó OC: ɡ-laaɡ MC: dɑk 14 Attributions

Duó 度 is often more abstract in nuance and expresses something in the direction of a conclusive opinion about the matter assessed. Thus this meaning of duó 度 is close to the related meaning "reckon that, consider that". [FIGURATIVE]; [[RARE]], [[MARGINAL]]

  • nabactassessment
  • vt[oN]to be engaged in measuring; assess things
  • vtoNmeasure; assess the extent of
  • vtoNpassivebe assessed; be measured
  • vtoNpsychassess (oneself)
  • vt+prep+Nmake a careful assessment of; consider carefully
   cè OC: skhrɯɡ MC: ʈʂhɨk 14 Attributions

Liào 料 refers to a tentative and approximative subjective assessment, typically of probabilities. [APPROXIMATIVE], [PROSPECTIVE], [TENTATIVE]

  • vtoNfathom, assess depth or height of (physical objects)
  • vtoNpassivefathomable 不測"unfathomable"
   liào OC: reews MC: leu 4 Attributions

Cè 測are to assess roughly or approximately, typically probabilities of the future, but also current matters. [VAGUE], [TENTATIVE]

  • vtoNassess; make a rough count of; assess extent of; reckon
  • vttoN.+V[0]psychassess whether (one) V-s
   chéng OC: deŋ MC: ɖiɛŋ 4 Attributions

Chéng 程 is to apply an administrative standard in the bureaucratic assessment of something. [DEFINITIVE], [OFFICIAL], [PRECISE]

  • vtoNassess by certain standards
   jí OC: ɡɯɡ MC: gɨk 3 Attributions
  • vtoNfathom the full extent of something
  • vtoNpassivebe fathomed to the bottom, be fully assessed
稱計   chēng jì OC: thjɯŋ kiis MC: tɕhɨŋ kei 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNpassivebe weighed and counted > be assessed be calculated
商量   shāng liáng OC: qhjaŋ ɡ-raŋ MC: ɕi̯ɐŋ li̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNassess, deliberate about; consult about
   lǜ OC: b-rud MC: lʷin 1 Attribution
  • vtoNassess, measure
   jiào OC: kreews MC: kɣɛu 1 Attribution

to systematize by means of proper analysis and comparison

  • vttoN1+.vtoN2to systematize (someting N1) on the basis of (someting N2, e.g. previous calculations)
   yíng OC: ɢʷleŋ MC: jiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmeasure, assess precisely LSCQ
   jiān OC: kraam MC: kɣam 1 Attribution

Jiān 監 is to assess continuously through surveillence and the like, often through the intermediary of others. [LASTING], [OFFICIAL], [VAGUE]

  • vtoNassess continuously by bureaucratic methods
  • vt prep Nbureaucatically survey so as to administer
   chēng OC: thjɯŋ MC: tɕhɨŋ 1 Attribution

Chēng 稱 is primarily to assess the weight of something. See WEIGH. [DEFINITIVE], [PRECISE], [SPECIFIC]

  • vtoNweigh, assess
   suàn OC: sqloons MC: sʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe reckoned; be assessed
揣摩   chuǎi mó OC: sthrolʔ maal MC: ʈʂhiɛ mʷɑ 1 Attribution
  • NPabactassessment; systematic comparative consideration
揆度   kuí duó OC: ɡʷilʔ ɡ-laaɡ MC: gi dɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpsychassess (oneself)
營度   yíng duó OC: ɢʷleŋ ɡ-laaɡ MC: jiɛŋ dɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmeasure the size of
   wù OC: mɯd MC: mi̯ut 1 Attribution
  • vtoNassess, estimate
   quán 1 Attribution
  • nabmethodmethod of assessment
   shāng OC: qhjaŋ MC: ɕi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNassess relative profitability of
程行   chéng xíng OC: deŋ ɢraaŋ MC: ɖiɛŋ ɦɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNpassivebe assessed with respect to one's conduct or action
   píng OC: breŋ MC: bɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNassess critically and argumentatively

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: